Dopamine neurons projecting to medial shell of the nucleus accumbens drive heroin reinforcement

  1. Julie Corre
  2. Ruud van Zessen
  3. Michaël Loureiro
  4. Tommaso Patriarchi
  5. Lin Tian
  6. Vincent Pascoli
  7. Christian Lüscher  Is a corresponding author
  1. University of Geneva, Switzerland
  2. University of California Davis, United States
  3. University of Geneva Hospital, Switzerland

Decision letter

  1. Lisa M Monteggia
    Reviewing Editor; UT Southwestern Medical Center, United States
  2. Catherine Dulac
    Senior Editor; Harvard University, United States
  3. Marina E Wolf
    Reviewer

In the interests of transparency, eLife includes the editorial decision letter and accompanying author responses. A lightly edited version of the letter sent to the authors after peer review is shown, indicating the most substantive concerns; minor comments are not usually included.

Thank you for submitting your article "Dopamine neurons projecting to medial shell of the nucleus accumbens drive heroin reinforcement" for consideration by eLife. Your article has been reviewed by three peer reviewers, one of whom is a member of our Board of Reviewing Editors and the evaluation has been overseen by a Senior Editor. The reviewers have opted to remain anonymous.

The reviewers have discussed the reviews with one another and the Reviewing Editor has drafted this decision to help you prepare a revised submission.

Summary:

The reviewers were overall positive about your study and found the manuscript balanced and scholarly in its effort to address a timely question. However, the reviewers agreed that certain key issues need to be addressed before publication. Importantly, two methods used in the study need some further validation. The authors are strongly encouraged to control for potential non-specific effects of CNO as well as establish the specificity of the dLight1 probe. The authors may already have data to address these issues. Inclusion of further controls will strengthen the arguments presented in the manuscript.

Essential revisions:

1) D-Light is a novel tool. The authors should validate the specificity of the signal. It would be great to replicate some of the controls shown in the original paper to establish the veracity of D-Light as a reporter for dopamine.

2) Given the recent issues with the selectivity and potential metabolism of clozapine-n-oxide (CNO), the authors should control the DREADD experiments with clozapine to ensure that the effects are specific to DREADD action.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.39945.013

Author response

Essential revisions:

1) D-Light is a novel tool. The authors should validate the specificity of the signal. It would be great to replicate some of the controls shown in the original paper to establish the veracity of D-Light as a reporter for dopamine.

We agree with the reviewers that replication of key observations with dLight1.1 constitutes a service to the community. We have therefore carried out fluorescence measurements in HEK cells that express the dLight1.1 in response to the bath application of the major transmitters found in the NAc, confirming the molecular specificity of the sensor. Moreover, we have also looked at three additional conditions in vivo, measuring dLight1.1 fluorescence after application of different monoamine reuptake inhibitors. We find that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor citalopram and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor reboxetine yield no increase in the dLight1.1 signal, while cocaine administration drove a transient similar to heroin, again confirming the selectivity of the sensor.

These data have now been added to Figure 2.

2) Given the recent issues with the selectivity and potential metabolism of clozapine-n-oxide (CNO), the authors should control the DREADD experiments with clozapine to ensure that the effects are specific to DREADD action.

We thank the reviewer to bring up this important point, as CNO may be metabolized to clozapine that antagonizes endogenous DRD2 receptor weakly. For these reasons, we chose an experimental design where we compared DAT-Cre+ to DAT-Cre mice. In the latter the DREADD was not expressed, but they were still injected with CNO. These experiments will demonstrate whether CNO (or its metabolites) has a non-specific effect in the absence of the DREADD, which however was not the case.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.39945.014

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  1. Julie Corre
  2. Ruud van Zessen
  3. Michaël Loureiro
  4. Tommaso Patriarchi
  5. Lin Tian
  6. Vincent Pascoli
  7. Christian Lüscher
(2018)
Dopamine neurons projecting to medial shell of the nucleus accumbens drive heroin reinforcement
eLife 7:e39945.
https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.39945

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https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.39945