Revealing architectural order with quantitative label-free imaging and deep learning
We report quantitative label-free imaging with phase and polarization (QLIPP) for simultaneous measurement of density, anisotropy, and orientation in unlabeled live cells and tissue slices. We combine QLIPP with deep neural networks to predict fluorescence images of diverse cell and tissue structures. QLIPP images reveal anatomical regions and axon tract orientation in prenatal human brain tissue sections that are not visible using brightfield imaging. We report a variant of UNet architecture, multi-channel 2.5D U-Net, for computationally efficient prediction of fluorescence images in three dimensions and over large fields of view. Further, we develop data normalization methods for accurate prediction of myelin distribution over large brain regions. We show that experimental defects in labeling the human tissue can be rescued with quantitative label-free imaging and neural network model. We anticipate that the proposed method will enable new studies of architectural order at spatial scales ranging from organelles to tissue.
Our experiments generated imaging data from mouse kidney tissue and human brain tissue slices that are useful for machine learning and other analyses. We are in the process of uploading them to a public image archive.
Article and author information
Chan Zuckerberg Biohub
- Syuan-Ming Guo
- Li-Hao Yeh
- Jenny Folkesson
- Ivan E Ivanov
- Matthew G Keefe
- David Shin
- Bryant B Chhun
- Nathan H Cho
- Tomasz Nowakowski
- Shalin B Mehta
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
Human subjects: De-identified brain tissue samples were received with patient consent in accordance with a protocol approved by the Human Gamete, Embryo, and Stem Cell Research Committee (institutional review board) at the University of California, San Francisco.
- Birte Forstmann, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
- Received: January 27, 2020
- Accepted: July 24, 2020
- Accepted Manuscript published: July 27, 2020 (version 1)
- Version of Record published: August 17, 2020 (version 2)
© 2020, Guo et al.
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.
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