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Meta-Research: Evaluating the impact of open access policies on research institutions

  1. Chun-Kai Huang  Is a corresponding author
  2. Cameron Neylon
  3. Richard Hosking
  4. Lucy Montgomery
  5. Katie S Wilson
  6. Alkim Ozaygen
  7. Chloe Brookes-Kenworthy
  1. Centre for Culture and Technology, Curtin University, Australia
  2. Curtin University, Australia
  3. Curtin Institute for Computation , Curtin University, Australia
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Cite this article as: eLife 2020;9:e57067 doi: 10.7554/eLife.57067

Abstract

The proportion of research outputs published in open access journals or made available on other freely-accessible platforms has increased over the past two decades, driven largely by funder mandates, institutional policies, grass-roots advocacy, and changing attitudes in the research community. However, the relative effectiveness of these different interventions has remained largely unexplored. Here we present a robust, transparent and updateable method for analysing how these interventions affect the open access performance of individual institutes. We studied 1,207 institutions from across the world, and found that, in 2017, the top-performing universities published around 80-90% of their research open access. The analysis also showed that publisher-mediated (gold) open access was popular in Latin American and African universities, whereas the growth of open access in Europe and North America has mostly been driven by repositories.

Article and author information

Author details

  1. Chun-Kai Huang

    School of Media, Creative Arts and Social Inquiry, Centre for Culture and Technology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
    For correspondence
    karl.huang@curtin.edu.au
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0002-9656-5932
  2. Cameron Neylon

    School of Media, Creative Arts and Social Inquiry, Curtin University, Bentley, Australia
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0002-0068-716X
  3. Richard Hosking

    Curtin Institute for Computation , Curtin University, Curtin Institute for Computation , Curtin University, Perth, Australia
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  4. Lucy Montgomery

    School of Media, Creative Arts and Social Inquiry, Centre for Culture and Technology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0001-6551-8140
  5. Katie S Wilson

    School of Media, Creative Arts and Social Inquiry, Centre for Culture and Technology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0001-8705-1027
  6. Alkim Ozaygen

    School of Media, Creative Arts and Social Inquiry, Centre for Culture and Technology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0001-6813-8362
  7. Chloe Brookes-Kenworthy

    School of Media, Creative Arts and Social Inquiry, Centre for Culture and Technology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.

Funding

Curtin University of Technology

  • Chun-Kai Huang
  • Cameron Neylon
  • Richard Hosking
  • Lucy Montgomery
  • Katie S Wilson
  • Alkim Ozaygen
  • Chloe Brookes-Kenworthy

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.

Reviewing Editor

  1. Julia Deathridge, eLife, United Kingdom

Publication history

  1. Received: April 6, 2020
  2. Accepted: September 11, 2020
  3. Accepted Manuscript published: September 14, 2020 (version 1)

Copyright

© 2020, Huang et al.

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.

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