These measures were in addition to case targeted interventions, specifically case isolation and quarantine of their contacts. Contact tracing was initiated from 29 January 2020 and was performed by public health officials. Note 1: Between 1 February and 15 March, further border measures were introduced, including enhanced testing and provision of advice on arrivals from other selected countries, based on a risk-assessment tool developed in early February (Shearer et al., 2020). Note 2: Australian citizens and residents (and their dependants) were exempt from travel restrictions but upon returning to Australia were required to quarantine for 14 days from the date of arrival. Note 3: School attendance is reported to have reduce substantially following government recommendations to keep children from school (National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance, 2020), and in some cases, prior to these announcements (Carey, 2020). It should also be noted that school holidays in some states/territories overlapped with the restriction periods (late March and early April). Note 4: The use of face masks by the general public was not recommended at any time during the analysis period. Note 5: Personal hygiene measures and the ‘1.5 m distancing rule’ were promoted to the general public through television, print, radio and social media campaigns commissioned by national and state governments.