(A) Superposition of the isolated αE-catenin ABD on the actin-bound structure reveals no major clashes with F-actin (left panel). When the ABD is bound to F-actin, H0 and H1 dissociate from the H2-5 bundle, which results in the extension and shift of the C-terminal part of H4 as well as ordering and repositioning of the CTE to bind to actin. (B) Schematic diagram of αE-catenin ABD conformational states when unbound, weakly bound, and strongly bound to actin. Cooperative binding of the ABD, as observed in the cryo-EM structure, is illustrated for the strong state. Note that in the strong state, the H0 and H1 regions are drawn as helices when dissociated from the H2-5 bundle, but it is likely that they are unstructured in this case (see text for details).