Measures of lung function are heritable, and thus, we sought to utilise genetics to propose drug repurposing candidates that could improve respiratory outcomes. Lung function measures were found to be genetically correlated with seven druggable biochemical traits, with further evidence of a causal relationship between increased fasting glucose and diminished lung function. Moreover, we developed polygenic scores for lung function specifically within pathways with known drug targets and investigated their relationship with pulmonary phenotypes and gene expression in independent cohorts to prioritise individuals who may benefit from particular drug repurposing opportunities. A transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) of lung function was then performed which identified several drug-gene interactions with predicted lung function increasing modes of action. Drugs that regulate blood glucose were uncovered through both the polygenic scoring and TWAS methodologies. In summary, we provided genetic justification for a number of novel drug repurposing opportunities that could improve lung function.
All data are publicly available from the references described in the manuscript. Code related to this study can be found at the following link: https://github.com/Williamreay/Lung_function_drug_repurposing_manuscript
- Murray J Cairns
- Murray J Cairns
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
Human subjects: The use of the Hunter Community Cohort data was approved by the University of Newcastle Human Ethics Research Committee (HREC, reference: H-820-0504a). All other information related to ethical approval for the individual GWAS studies we utilised in this study are detailed in their respective publications as referenced throughout the text
- Chris P Ponting, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
© 2021, Reay et al.
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.
Homeostatic and circadian processes collaborate to appropriately time and consolidate sleep and wake. To understand how these processes are integrated, we scheduled brief sleep deprivation at different times of day in Drosophila and find elevated morning rebound compared to evening. These effects depend on discrete morning and evening clock neurons, independent of their roles in circadian locomotor activity. In the R5 ellipsoid body sleep homeostat, we identified elevated morning expression of activity dependent and presynaptic gene expression as well as the presynaptic protein BRUCHPILOT consistent with regulation by clock circuits. These neurons also display elevated calcium levels in response to sleep loss in the morning, but not the evening consistent with the observed time-dependent sleep rebound. These studies reveal the circuit and molecular mechanisms by which discrete circadian clock neurons program a homeostatic sleep center.
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