(A, B) Visual depiction of ROIs. Early visual cortex (EVC = green), lateral occipital complex (LOC = cyan), perirhinal cortex (PrC = pink), parahippocampal cortex (PhC = orange), anterolateral entorhinal cortex (alErC = blue), posteromedial entorhinal cortex (pmErC = yellow), temporal pole (TP = purple). (C, D) Cortical regions revealed with searchlight analysis in which brain-based representational dissimilarity matrices (RDMs) were significantly correlated with behaviour-based perceived similarity RDMs across full range. Significant correlations were observed in PrC, alErC, and more posterior ventral visual stream (VVS) regions. (E, F) Cortical regions revealed with searchlight analysis in which brain-based RDMs were significantly correlated with behavioural RDMs at highest level of perceived similarity. Significant correlations were observed only in PrC and alErC. Maps are displayed with corrected statistical threshold of p < 0.05 at cluster level (using threshold-free cluster enhancement).