Altered temporal sequence of transcriptional regulators in the generation of human cerebellar granule cells

  1. Hourinaz Behesti
  2. Arif Kocabas
  3. David E Buchholz
  4. Thomas S Carroll
  5. Mary E Hatten  Is a corresponding author
  1. Laboratory of Developmental Neurobiology, Rockefeller University, United States
  2. Bioinformatics Resource Center, Rockefeller University, United States
5 figures, 3 tables and 2 additional files


Figure 1 with 3 supplements
Derivation of the human ATOH1 lineage.

(A) EN2 expression (log10 fold change of no CHIR99021) in dual SMAD+FGF2-treated human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) in the absence and presence of CHIR99021 by RT-qPCR at day in vitro (DIV) 11. (B) ATOH1 expression (fold change of no BMP7) at DIV16 in response to a BMP7 concentration series added at DIV7–15. (C) Dot plot showing the coefficient of variance of mean ATOH1 expression detected by RT-qPCR at DIV16 in cultures grown on regular tissue culture dishes (-BMP7, blue) versus on transwell membranes (-BMP7, orange; +BMP7, black). (D) Schematic of the protocol for derivation of the ATOH1 lineage. (E) Left: the percentage of EGFP+ (green) and EGFP- (gray) cells at DIV16, 18, 23, and 28 of differentiation of the ATOH1-EGFP line by fluorescence-activated cell (FAC)-sorting (the change in EGFP+ population across DIVs compared by ANOVA: p=0.053). Right: representative FACS charts showing separation of ATOH1-EGFP+/EGFP- cells. (F) Left: box plot showing the percentages of EGFP, EN2, PAX6 single- and triple-positive cells by immunocytochemistry, within the EN2, EGPF (ATOH1), and PAX6 populations at DIV28–30. Right: representative merged image of the immunocytochemistry labeling. Boxed area is magnified at the bottom with individual channels displayed. Note asterisk highlighting a triple-positive cell, while cell above the arrowhead is EN2-;PAX6+;EGFP+. (G) Left: box plot showing the percentage of EdU+;EGFP+ double-positive cells per Dapi nuclei ± SAG treatment after 48 hr (DIV28–30). Right: a representative merged image of the labeling. N = 3 independent experiments except in (B), which shows technical replicates. Bar graphs show mean ± 1 SD. Scale bars: 10 μm.

Figure 1—figure supplement 1
Derivation and characterization of the human ATOH1 lineage.

(A) Gene expression by RT-PCR at days in vitro (DIV) 4, 7, and 11 comparing dual SMAD inhibition plus FGF2/insulin versus FGF2/CHIR99021 treatment. (B) Top: schematic showing 11 different time intervals of FGF2, CHIR99021, and Noggin treatment in the presence of dual SMAD inhibition at DIV0–7 versus FGF8/CHIR99021. Bottom: RT-PCR at DIV11 showing the resulting expression of various markers in the 11 different conditions. (C) Representative examples of cultures at DIV19, treated with either FGF8 or FGF2 at DIV1–11, showing ATOH1-EGFP and TAG1 labeling as an indication of neuronal survival. (D) RT-PCR of granule cell progenitor markers at DIV16 in RUES2 and H9 human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines upon dual SMAD inhibition (DIV0–7) plus FGF2/CHIR99021 (DIV1–11) treatment. (E) Phase-contrast images comparing differentiating cells on regular culture plates (left) versus transwell plates (right). Dashed lines demarcate the edge of a colony. (F) Right: schematic showing how gene expression in the mouse Atoh1 lineage changes from embryonic day (E) 11.5, prior to external granule cell layer (EGL) establishment, to E15.5, after EGL establishment. + indicates presence of expression, – indicates absence of expression. Left: RT-qPCR detection of gene expression of listed genes in ATOH1-EGFP fluorescence-activated cell (FAC)-sorted cells at DIV16, 19, and 23 of culture. All genes were detected at DIV16, and fold change is relative to levels at DIV16. N = 3 independent experiments. LDN, LDN193189; SB, SB431542. Scale bar: 50 μm.

Figure 1—figure supplement 2
Characterization of ATOH1-EGFP and ATOH1-EGFP-L10a transgenic lines.

(A) Left: representative image of EGFP expression upon differentiation of the ATOH1-EGFP lines at day in vitro (DIV)16. Middle: normal karyotype detected. Right: bar chart showing the mean ± SD of normalized ATOH1 expression levels in fluorescence-activated cell (FAC)-sorted EGFP+ cells as fold change of expression in EGFP- cells at DIV28 by RT-qPCR. (B) Left: representative image of EGFP-L10a expression upon differentiation of the ATOH1-EGFP-L10a lines at DIV16. Note the marked difference in the localization of EGFP compared to (A). Middle: normal karyotype detected. Right: bar chart showing the mean ± SD of the level of enrichment of ATOH1 compared to three housekeeping genes in ATOH1-EGFP-L10a TRAP IPs versus input at DIV28 by RNA-seq.

Figure 1—figure supplement 3
Characterization of ATOH1-EGFP cells (until day in vitro [DIV] 28).

(A) Top panel: Calretinin and NeuN expression in the cerebellar nuclei at P0 in mice. Lower panel: Calretinin, NeuN, and ATOH1-EGFP expression in human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) cultures at DIV16. (B) Top panel: ATOH1-EGFP, NeuN, and PAX6 expression at DIV28. Far-right panel: high magnification showing cells that are PAX6+;NeuN+; ATOH1-EGFP- (asterisk) or triple positive (arrowhead). Note that NeuN expression increases with time in culture. Lower panel: NEUROD1 and ATOH1-EGFP expression at DIV28. Arrowheads highlight examples of double-positive cells. (C) SOX2 expression at DIV28. (D) Bar chart showing the proportion of ATOH1-EGFP+/- cells per SOX2+ cells. N = 2–3 independent cultures/time point, two mouse cerebella. Scale bars: 50 μm in (A), 10 μm in (B, C).

Figure 2 with 1 supplement
Human granule cell (GC) differentiation from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs).

(A) TAG1 expression at day in vitro [DIV]18 (left) and DIV28 (right). (B) Schematic of the sorting strategy of TAG1+ cells by magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) at DIV28 and co-culture with mouse cerebellar neurons or glia until DIV48. (C) Bar chart (mean ± 1 SD) of TAG1+ cells/total cells at DIV28, N = 7 independent experiments. (D) Top: TAG1+ cells (green) in co-culture with mouse cerebellar neurons and glia for 3 days express PAX6 (red + white, arrows). Bottom: TAG1- cells (flowthrough) in co-culture with mouse neurons and glia have larger nuclei and are PAX6- (arrows). (E) TAG1+ cells in co-culture with mouse neurons and glia for 20 days (DIV48 total) display small round nuclei (inset, blue), bifurcated neuronal extensions, and are NEUROD1+;MAP2+. A mouse GC cultured in the same dish for the same period of time, shown for comparison. (F) TAG1+ cell in co-culture with glia only for 20 days (DIV48 total) expresses synaptophysin. (G) TAG1+ cell in co-culture with mouse neurons and glia (DIV48 total) expresses VGLUT1.

Figure 2—figure supplement 1
Characterization of TAG1-negative fraction at day in vitro (DIV)28 + 20.

(A) NEUROD1 expression and (B) NeuN and Calretinin expression in the TAG1-negative fraction after magnetic-activated cell sorting at DIV28 followed by differentiation of cells for another 20 days (DIV28 + 20). (C) Box plot showing the percentages of cells expressing each marker (per total cells). N = 3 independent experiments. Scale bars: 50 μm.

Figure 3 with 1 supplement
Human postmitotic granule cells (GCs) undergo glial-guided neuronal migration and integrate into the mouse cerebellum upon transplantation.

(A) Left: schematic outlining transplantation of MACsorted (day in vitro [DIV]28–32) TAG1+ human cells into the early postnatal mouse cerebellum. Images show three representative coronal sections of mouse cerebella (N = 5 mice), 48 hr post transplantation. Far-right image is overlaid on a DIC image. Arrowheads highlight human cells integrated in the mouse internal granule cell layer (IGL). Boxed images are higher magnifications of migrating cells. (B) Day 28–32 TAG1+ human cells in co-culture with mouse glia after 36 hr, showing examples of migrating neurons with elongated nuclear morphologies along glia. Far-left image shows a lower-magnification view containing migrating neurons on glia as well as non-migrating neurons with rounded morphologies. HuNu, human nuclear antigen; oEGL, outer external granule cell layer; iEGL, inner external granule cell layer; ML, molecular layer. Scale bars as indicated on images.

Figure 3—figure supplement 1
Integration of human pluripotent stem cell-granule cells (hPSC-GCs) into the mouse cerebellum upon transplantation.

Example of a coronal section of a mouse cerebellum showing human cells (blue), some of which integrated into the internal granule cell layer (IGL) (arrowheads) below the Purkinje cell layer marked by Gluδ2 expression. Note that the majority of the human cells are still on the pial surface of the mouse cerebellum (asterisks) at 48 hr post transplantation. Scale bar: 50 μm.

Figure 4 with 2 supplements
The human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived ATOH1 lineage resembles the human cerebellum in the second trimester by translational profiling.

(A) Volcano plot of log2 fold change global gene expression in ATOH1-TRAP IPs versus input. Key granule cell (GC) genes are highlighted by red dots (Figure 4—source data 1). The fully differentiated GC marker GABRA6 is depleted while progenitor genes are enriched. (B) Heatmap showing Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) of log2 fold-enriched genes in day in vitro (DIV) 28 ATOH1-TRAP versus the PsychEncode dataset for the developing human cerebellum and midbrain from 12 post coitus week (PCW) until 4 months of age (combined). (C) Heatmap of data in (B) but divided by timeline with columns representing our data (bound [IP] and unbound [input]) compared to individuals from the PsychEncode project (identifiers depicted at the bottom, Figure 4—source data 2). CBC, cerebellum; MB, midbrain.

Figure 4—source data 1

DESeq2 analysis of ATOH1-EGFP-L10a TRAP IP versus input.
Figure 4—source data 2

Comparison of ATOH1-EGFP-L10a TRAP IP to human developmental data from PsychEncode.
Figure 4—figure supplement 1
Heatmaps of key developmental signaling pathways in the hPSC-ATOH1 lineage.

(A) RNA sequencing of immunoprecipitated mRNAs from an ATOH1-EGFP-L10a hPSC TRAP line differentiated until day in vitro [DIV]28 shows enrichment of ATOH1 reads in the ATOH1-TRAP IPs compared to the input, depicted by Integrative Genomics Viewer. (B) Heatmaps showing the enrichment of genes in the ATOH1-EGFP-L10a TRAP versus input. Genes have been organized according to the developmental pathways they are associated with including the SHH, BMP, HIPPO, FGF, and WNT pathways.

Figure 4—figure supplement 2
Comparison of ATOH1-EGFP-L10a TRAP against single-cell RNA-seq data from the developing mouse cerebellum.

Dot plot representation of the cumulative enrichment (by p-value) of the ATOH1-EGFP-L10a data against glutamatergic, GABAergic, and non-neuronal cell clusters identified by Wizeman et al., 2019.

Figure 5 with 1 supplement
Temporal shift in the expression of transcriptional regulators in the human external granule cell layer (EGL) compared to mouse.

(A) Left: bar chart showing the mean ± 1 SD normalized expression of transcriptional regulators in ATOH1-TRAP IPs at day in vitro (DIV) 28 by RNA-seq. Right: the expression of PAX6 (GCP marker), and coexpression of ATOH1 and NEUROD1, but not PCP2 (Purkinje cells marker) in ATOH1-TRAP IPs by RT-PCR. (B) Sagittal sections though the vermis showing NEUROD1 and Ki67 expression by immunohistochemistry in the human cerebellum at 17 post coitus week (PCW) and mouse at P0. Note the similarities in foliation depth and pattern. Bottom: higher magnifications (scale bars: 10 μm) of a lobule in human and mouse. (C) Mid-sagittal sections showing NeuN (RBFOX3) and Ki67 in the human (17 PCW) and mouse (P0). (D) Higher magnification of NeuN and NEUROD1 labeling in the human versus mouse EGL and internal granule cell layer (IGL) (scale bars: 10 μm). Left panel: note the punctate NeuN labeling in the human but not in the mouse EGL. Right panel: NEUROD1. Dashed lines demarcate the pial surface. N = 2 cerebella/species. o, outer; , inner; TPM, transcripts per million reads. Scale bars: 100 μm unless stated otherwise.

Figure 5—figure supplement 1
Marker expression in the developing human cerebellum versus mouse.

(A) Box plot showing the percentages of NEUROD1+ nuclei per total nuclei (Dapi) along the length of the pial surface in anterior, midline, and posterior regions of the developing cerebellum comparing mouse (P0) to human (17 post coitus week [PCW]). Note that the percentage of NEUROD1+ cells at the pia is low across the anterior-posterior axis of the mouse cerebellum, in contrast to the human where the anterior-posterior axis differs (Human n. cells at the pia counted = 613, Human NEUROD1+ fraction anterior: 48.4 ± 6.5 SE, midline: 21.1 ± 4.3 SE, posterior: 5.4 ± 2.2 SE. P0 Mouse n. cells at the pia counted = 369, P0 Mouse NEUROD1+ fraction anterior: 7.1 ± 0.8 SE, midline: 4.8 ± 0.7 SE, posterior: 4.3 ± 0.8 SE). (B) Box plot showing the percentages of NEUROD1+ nuclei per total nuclei (Dapi) along the length of the pial surface in anterior, midline, and posterior regions of the developing human cerebellum at 17 PCW compared to additional stages of development in mouse (E15.5, E17.5, P0, and P6). (C) NEUROD1, NeuN, and Ki67 expression on sagittal sections through the mouse cerebellum at embryonic day (E)17.5 and P6. (D) SOX2 expression in the human external granule layer (EGL) at 17 PCW. Scale bars: 10 μm. IGL, internal granule layer.


Key resources table
Reagent type (species) or resourceDesignationSource or referenceIdentifiersAdditional information
Cell line (human)RUES2Human embryonic stem cell lineNIH registration number: NIHhESC-09-0013
Cell line (human)H9 (WA09)Human embryonic stem cell lineNIH registration number: NIHhESC-10-0062
Cell line (human)ATOH1-EGFPHuman embryonic stem cell lineThis study
(RUES2 line)
Cell line (human)ATOH1-EGFP-L10aHuman embryonic stem cell lineThis study (RUES2)
Recombinant DNA reagentpPS-EF1α-GFP-RFPSystem BiosciencesLV603PA-1Lentiviral vector
Recombinant DNA reagentJ2XnGFPDr. Jane JohnsonGFP plasmid
Recombinant DNA reagentpSIN-hATOH1 enhancer- hβ-globin-nlsEGFP-bGH polyA-hPGK-PuromycinThis studyATOH1-EGFP
lentiviral construct
Recombinant DNA reagentpSIN-hATOH1 enhancer- hβ-globin-nlsEGFP-bGH polyA-hPGK-PuromycinThis studyATOH1-EGFP-
L10a lentiviral
Biological sample (human)Human fetal cerebellum (17 PCW)Human Developmental Biology Resource
Biological sample (mouse)C57Bl/6J miceJackson LaboratoryEmbryos and
pups obtained
from times matings
AntibodyCalretinin (rabbit polyclonal)Swant7699/4(1:1000)
AntibodyEN2 (C19) (goat polyclonal)Santa CruzSC-8111(1:50)
AntibodyGFAP (chicken polyclonal)EnCorCPCA-GFAP(1:1500)
AntibodyGFP (rabbit polyclonal)InvitrogenA-111122(1:500)
AntibodyGFP (chicken polyclonal)Aves labsGFP-1020(1:1000)
AntibodyHuNu (anti-human nuclei) (mouse monoclonal)MilliporeMAB1281(1:100)
AntibodyKi67 (rabbit monoclonal)Vector LaboratoriesVP-RM04(1:100)
AntibodyKi67 (rabbit polyclonal)EnCorRPCA-Ki67(1:1000)
AntibodyMap2 (chicken polyclonal)Abcamab5392(1:1000)
AntibodyNeuN (mouse monoclonal)MilliporeMAB377(1:100)
AntibodyNeuroD1 (mouse monoclonal)BD Pharmingen563000(1:300)
AntibodyPax6 (rabbit polyclonal)BioLegend901301(1:300)
AntibodyTAG1 (mouse monoclonal)Tom Jessell(1:2)
AntibodySynaptophysin (mouse monoclonal)MilliporeMAB329(1:500)
AntibodyVGLuT1 (mouse monoclonal)MilliporeMAB5502(1:100)
AntibodySOX2 (rabbit monoclonal)Cell Signaling3579(1:200)
AntibodyGluR-d2 (goat polyclonal)Santa CruzSc-26118(1:100)
AntibodyAnti-goat Alexa Fluor 633 (donkey polyclonal)InvitrogenA21082(1:300)
AntibodyAnti-rabbit Alexa Fluor 555 (donkey polyclonal)InvitrogenA-31572(1:300)
AntibodyAnti-mouse IgM Alexa Fluor 488 (goat polyclonal)InvitrogenA-21042(1:300)
AntibodyAnti-mouse Alexa Fluor 555 (donkey polyclonal)InvitrogenA-31570(1:300)
AntibodyAnti-chicken IgY 488 (donkey polyclonal)Jackson ImmunoResearch703-545-155(1:300)
AntibodyAnti-chicken IgY Cy3 (donkey polyclonal)Jackson ImmunoResearch703-165-155(1:300)
AntibodyAnti-rabbit Alexa Fluor 647 (donkey polyclonal)InvitrogenA-31573(1:300)
AntibodyAnti-mouse Alexa Fluor 647 (donkey polyclonal)InvitrogenA-31571(1:300)
AntibodyAnti-mouse Alexa Fluor 488 (donkey polyclonal)InvitrogenA-21202(1:300)
AntibodyAnti-mouse Fluor 405 (donkey polyclonal)AbcamAb175658(1:300)
Sequence-based reagentATOH1This paperPCR primerForward 5′-GCGCA
Sequence-based reagentATOH1This paperPCR primerReverse 5′-GCG
Sequence-based reagentID4This paperPCR primerForward 5′-GC
Sequence-based reagentID4This paperPCR primerReverse 5′-GAA
Sequence-based reagentEN2This paperPCR primerForward 5′- GG
Sequence-based reagentEN2This paperPCR primerReverse 5′-
Sequence-based reagentPAX6This paperPCR primerForward 5′-TCA
Sequence-based reagentPAX6This paperPCR primerReverse 5′-CA
Sequence-based reagentNEUROD1This paperPCR primerForward 5′-GGACGA
Sequence-based reagentNEUROD1This paperPCR primerReverse 5′-
Sequence-based reagentPCP2This paperPCR primerForward 5′- GACC
Sequence-based reagentPCP2This paperPCR primerReverse 5′- CATG
Sequence-based reagentOTX2This paperPCR primerForward 5′-ACAA
Sequence-based reagentOTX2This paperPCR primerReverse 5′-GAGG
Sequence-based reagentMEIS2This paperPCR primerForward 5′-CCAG
Sequence-based reagentMEIS2This paperPCR primerReverse 5′-TAA
Sequence-based reagentGBX2This paperPCR primerForward 5′-GTTCC
Sequence-based reagentGBX2This paperPCR primerReverse 5′-GCC
Sequence-based reagentHOXA2This paperPCR primerForward 5-CGT
Sequence-based reagentHOXA2This paperPCR primerReverse 5′-TGTC
Sequence-based reagentLHX2This paperPCR primerForward 5′-
Sequence-based reagentLHX2This paperPCR primerReverse 5′-
Sequence-based reagentLHX9This paperPCR primerForward 5′- GCT
Sequence-based reagentLHX9This paperPCR primerReverse 5′- CATG
Sequence-based reagentβ-ACTINThis paperPCR primerForward 5′-AAAC
Sequence-based reagentβ-ACTINThis paperPCR primerReverse 5′-AGA
Sequence-based reagentATP5OThis paperPCR primerForward 5′- cgcta
Sequence-based reagentATP5OThis paperPCR primerReverse 5′- atgg
Peptide, recombinant proteinHuman bFGFInvitrogenCatalog # 13256-029
Peptide, recombinant proteinHuman/mouse/
PeproTechCatalog # 450-02
Peptide, recombinant proteinMouse BMP7R&D SystemsCatalog # 5666BP-010
Peptide, recombinant proteinHuman recombinant insulinTocrisCatalog # 3435
Peptide, recombinant proteinHuman BMP4R&D SystemsCatalog # 314BP-050
Peptide, recombinant proteinHuman BMP6R&D SystemsCatalog # 507BP-020
Peptide, recombinant proteinHuman/mouse FGF8bR&D SystemsCatalog # 423-F8-025
Commercial assay or kitRNeasy micro kitQIAGENCatalog # 74004
Commercial assay or kitRNeasy Plus mini kitQIAGENCatalog # 74134
Commercial assay or kitTranscription First Strand cDNA Synthesis KitRoche Life SciencesCatalog # 04379012001
Commercial assay or kitHotStarTaq PLUS DNA Polymerase kitQIAGENCatalog # 203603
Commercial assay or kitClick-iT EdU Cell Proliferation Kit for ImagingInvitrogenCatalog # C10338
Commercial assay or kitSMART-Seq v4 Ultra Low Input RNA KitTaKaRa BioCatalog # 634888
Commercial assay or kitNextera XT DNA library preparation kitIlluminaCatalog # FC-131-1024
Commercial assay or kitRNA 6000 Pico KitAgilentCatalog # 5067-1513
Commercial assay or kitIn-fusion HD cloning plus (Clontech)TaKaRa BioCatalog # 638909
Commercial assay or kitAnti-mouse IgM microbeadsMiltenyi BiotecCatalog # 130-047-302
Commercial assay or kitMS columnsMiltenyi BiotecCatalog # 130-042-201
Chemical compound, drugROCK-inhibitor Y-27632AbcamCatalog # ab 120129
Chemical compound, drugSB431542TocrisCatalog # 1614
Chemical compound, drugLDN-193189Stemgent/
Catalog # 6053
Chemical compound, drugCHIR99021Stemgent/
Catalog # 04-0004-02
Software, algorithmPrimer3Open sourcePrimer3, RRID:SCR_003139
Software, algorithmSalmon quantification software (version 0.8.2)Open source
Salmon, RRID:SCR_017036 (Patro et al., 2017)
Software, algorithmR statistical softwareOpen sourceR Project for Statistical Computing, RRID:SCR_001905
Software, algorithmTximport (version 1.8.0).Open sourcetximport, RRID:SCR_016752 (Love et al., 2016)
Software, algorithmDESeq2 (version 1.20.0)Open source DESeq2, RRID:SCR_015687 (Love et al., 2018)
Software, algoritham
Software, algorithm
rtracklayer package (version 1.40.6)Open sourcertracklayer, RRID:SCR_021325
Software, algorithmGSVA (version 1.34.0)Open source(Hänzelmann et al., 2013)GSVA, RRID:SCR_021058
Software, algorithmPheatmap R package (version 1.0.10)Open sourcencvpheatmap, RRID:SCR_016418
Software, algorithmtopGO Bioconductor packageOpen sourcetopGO, RRID:SCR_014798
Software, algorithmGOseq Bioconductor packageOpen source (Young et al., 2010)Goseq, RRID:SCR_017052
Software, algorithmImageJ (version 2.1.0/1.53c)Open source, NIHImageJ, RRID:SCR_003070
Software, algorithmSPSS softwareIBM
Software, algorithmBD FACSDiva
8.0.1 software
BD Biosciences
Software, algorithmZEN imaging softwareZeiss
Table 1
Table of primers.
GeneForward primerReverse primer°C
Table 2
Table of antibodies.
AntibodySpeciesSourceDilutionCatalog #
EN2 (C19)GoatSanta Cruz1:50SC-8111
GFAPChickenEnCor Biotechnology1:1500CPCA-GFAP
GFPChickenAves labs1:1000GFP-1020
HuNu (anti human nuclei)MouseMillipore1:100MAB1281
Ki67RabbitVector Laboratories1:100VP-RM04
NEUROD1MouseBD Pharmingen1:300563000
TAG1Mouse IgMT.Jessell1:2N/A
SynaptophysinMouse IgMMillipore1:500MAB329
SOX2 (D6D9)RabbitCell Signaling1:2003579
GluR-δ2GoatSanta Cruz1:100Sc-26118
Anti-goat Alexa Fluor 633DonkeyInvitrogen1:300A21082
Anti-rabbit Alexa Fluor 555DonkeyInvitrogen1:300A-31572
Anti-mouse IgM Alexa Fluor 488GoatInvitrogen1:300A-21042
Anti-mouse Alexa Fluor 555DonkeyInvitrogen1:300A-31570
Anti-chicken IgY 488DonkeyJackson ImmunoResearch1:300703-545-155
Anti-chicken IgY Cy3Jackson ImmunoResearch1:300703-165-155
Anti-rabbit Alexa Fluor 647DonkeyInvitrogen1:300A-31573
Anti-mouse 405DonkeyAbcam1:300Ab175658
Anti-mouse Alexa Fluor 647DonkeyInvitrogen1:300A-31571
Anti-mouse Alexa Fluor 488DonkeyInvitrogen1:300A-21202

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  1. Hourinaz Behesti
  2. Arif Kocabas
  3. David E Buchholz
  4. Thomas S Carroll
  5. Mary E Hatten
Altered temporal sequence of transcriptional regulators in the generation of human cerebellar granule cells
eLife 10:e67074.