Figure 1. | Publication bias and the canonization of false facts

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Research: Publication bias and the canonization of false facts

Figure 1.

Affiliation details

University of Copenhagen, Denmark; University of Washington, United States; North Carolina State University, United States
Figure 1.
Download figureOpen in new tabFigure 1. Conducting and reporting the test of a claim.

In our model, a scientific claim is either true or false. Researchers conduct an experiment which either supports or fails to the support the claim. True claims are correctly supported with probability 1-β while false claims are incorrectly supported with probability α. Next, the researchers may attempt to publish their results. Positive results that support the claim are published with probability ρ1 whereas negative results that fail to support the claim are published with probability ρ0. This process then repeats, with additional experiments conducted until the claim is canonized as fact or rejected as false.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.21451.002