Ethnic and region-specific genetic risk variants of stroke and its comorbid conditions can define the variations in the burden of stroke and its phenotypic traits

  1. Human Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Rajiv Gandhi Centre of Biotechnology (RGCB), Thycaud Post, Poojappura, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695014. India
  2. Department of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695581, India


  • Reviewing Editor
    Tatyana Sharpee
    Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, United States of America
  • Senior Editor
    Eduardo Franco
    McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Reviewer #1 (Public Review):


The paper measures the prevalence and mortality of stroke and its comorbidities across geographic regions in order to find differences in risks that may lead to more effective guidance for these subpopulations. It also does a genetic analysis to look for variants that may drive these phenotypic variations.


The data provided here will provide a foundation for a lot of future research into the causes of the observed correlations as well as whether the observed differences in comorbidities across regions have clinically relevant effects on risk management.


As with any cross-national analysis of rates, the data is vulnerable to differences in classification and reporting across jurisdictions. Furthermore, given the increased death rate from COVID-19 associated with many of these comorbid conditions and the long-term effects of COVID-19 infection on vascular health, it is expected that many of the correlations observed in this dataset will shift along with the shifting health of the underlying populations.

Reviewer #2 (Public Review):


The authors have analyzed ethnogeographic differences in the comorbidity factors, such as diabetes and heart disease, for the incidences of stroke and whether it leads to mortality.

The idea is interesting and the data are compelling. The results are technically solid.

The authors identify specific genetic loci that increase the risk of a stroke and how they differ by region.


The presentation is not focused. It would be better to include p-values and focus presentation on the main effects of the dataset analysis.

  1. Howard Hughes Medical Institute
  2. Wellcome Trust
  3. Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
  4. Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation