704 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Characterizing a psychiatric symptom dimension related to deficits in goal-directed control

    Claire M Gillan et al.
    A dimensional approach to psychiatry demonstrates the specificity and generalizability of a neurocognitive marker of compulsive behavior and intrusive thought via large-scale online testing.
    1. Neuroscience

    A prediction model of working memory across health and psychiatric disease using whole-brain functional connectivity

    Masahiro Yamashita et al.
    Human neuroimaging and machine learning reveals a generalizable relationship between brain connectivity and working memory ability across healthy populations and distinct psychiatric diagnoses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural and computational processes underlying dynamic changes in self-esteem

    Geert-Jan Will et al.
    Self-esteem, the value that people ascribe to the self, is represented in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and dynamically updated when people learn how others value them.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Risk of psychiatric disorders among the surviving twins after a co-twin loss

    Huan Song et al.
    A population-based analysis demonstrates that surviving twins who lose their co-twins by death are at considerably elevated risks of developing psychiatric disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Paranoia as a deficit in non-social belief updating

    Erin J Reed et al.
    Paranoia is underwritten by variation in prior beliefs about how the world will change and how to learn from those changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping brain-behavior space relationships along the psychosis spectrum

    Jie Lisa Ji et al.
    A data-reduced neuro-behavioral geometry in psychosis spectrum disorders mapped symptoms stably on to distinct functional brain regions and offers a framework for informing personalized treatment selection decisions.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Loss of a co-twin at birth and subsequent risk of psychiatric disorders

    Huan Song et al.
    Findings of this population-based sibling-matched cohort study corroborate an association of loss of a co-twin at birth with risk of psychiatric disorders, supporting the hypothesis of twin-bond development in utero.
    1. Neuroscience

    An expanding manifold in transmodal regions characterizes adolescent reconfiguration of structural connectome organization

    Bo-yong Park et al.
    Manifold learning of longitudinal brain network data provides novel insights into adolescent structural connectome maturation, and how multiple scales of cortical and subcortical organization interact in typical neurodevelopment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noradrenaline blockade specifically enhances metacognitive performance

    Tobias U Hauser et al.
    The neurotransmitter noradrenaline selectively modulates metacognition, the conscious insight into one's performance, but does not alter perceptual decision making, revealing that different neuromodulators affect different stages of a decision making process.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Changes in global and thalamic brain connectivity in LSD-induced altered states of consciousness are attributable to the 5-HT2A receptor

    Katrin H Preller et al.
    LSD induces a pattern of changed global brain connectivity characterized by hypo-connectivity in associative areas and hyper-connectivity across sensory and somatomotor areas that is dependent on the serotonin 2A receptor.

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