(A, B, C) The mutation tax-4(p678) abolished PA14 (A, B) and NO donor (C) avoidance. A transgene expressing tax-4 selectively in ASJ (A, C), but not in AWA/AWB/AWC or AQR/PQR/URX (B) rescued both PA14 and NO donor avoidance defects. (D) Fluorescence (left) and Nomarski (right) images of head region of wild-type animals expressing ptrx-1::GCaMP6.0 (top), or ptrx-1::GCaMP6.0 with pssu-1::egl-1 (bottom). Scale bar indicates 5 μm. (E, F) ASJ-ablated animals exhibited significantly decreased PA14 (E) and NO donor (F) avoidance. (A, B, C, E) *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001, and ****p<0.0001, ns: not significant (one-way ANOVA, Tukey’s multiple comparisons test) (A, F = 14.61, p=0.0015; B, F = 53.71, p<0.0001; C, F = 14.06, p=0.0012; E, F = 69.88, p<0.0001). (F) **p<0.01 (Student’s t-test). Values represent means of four independent experiments, with ~40 animals analyzed in each replicate. Error bars indicate SEM. tax-4 transgenes are as follows: ASJ (trx-1 promoter), AWA/AWB/AWC (odr-3 promoter), AQR/PQR/URX (gcy-36 promoter).