(A–B) Confocal sections showing the expression of gfi1ab (red) in embryos treated with DMSO (A; n = 24) or 100 µM LY411575 (B; n = 32) from 22 to 32 hpf and fixed at 48 hpf, merged with nuclear staining (gray). Embryo view is dorsal, anterior is up; epiphysis (white circle) and parapineal (yellow circle); scale bar = 10 µm. (C–D) Dot plots showing the number (C) and the mean position (D) of gfi1ab expressing parapineal (PP) cells at 48 hpf in embryos treated with DMSO (controls, blue dots, n = 47), with 30 µM LY411575 (light red dots, n = 31) or 100 µM LY411575 (red dots, n = 32) from 22 hpf to 32 hpf, with mean ± SEM; *** p-value=0.0003. (E–H) Confocal sections showing the expression of gfi1ab (red) merged with nuclear staining (gray) at 48 hpf, in wild-type (+/+) (E, F) or mib+/- embryos (G, H) treated with DMSO (E, n = 23 or G, n = 26) or with LY411575 (F, n = 25 and H, n = 34) from 22 to 32 hpf. (I–N) Upper panels show a schematic of the LY411575 treatment timeline (yellow box, 22 to 32 hpf for I-K or 8 to 22 hfp for dot plots L-N), and the time window corresponding to when the parapineal initiates its migration (blue box, 28 to 30 hpf). Dot plots showing the number (I, L) and the mean position (J, M) of gfi1ab expressing cells at 48 hpf, or the number of Tg(dusp6:d2EGFP) expressing cells at 32 hpf (K, N), in the parapineal of DMSO-treated wild-type (+/+, light blue dots; I-J, n = 23; L-M, n = 12; K, n = 28; N, n = 18), DMSO-treated mib+/- heterozygote (dark blue dots; I-J, ± = 26; L-M, n = 17; K, n = 21; N, n = 21), LY411575-treated wild-type ( light red dots; I-J, n = 25; L-M, n = 11; K, n = 23, N, n = 19) and LY411575-treated mib+/- (dark red dots, I-J, n = 34 or L-M, n = 16; K, n = 29, N, n = 26); each dot represents a single embryo. Mean ± SEM is shown in I, K, L, N; *** p-value<0.0001, in Wilcoxon test and Welch t-test. In J and M, there is no defect in migration per se (ns p-value in Welch t-test on absolute value) but LY411575 treatment from 8 to 22 hpf (M) triggers a laterality defect (increased number of embryos with a parapineal on the right). Data are representative of three (E–H, I–K) or two experiments (A–D and L–N). See also Figure 2—figure supplement 1, Figure 2—figure supplement 2 and Figure 2—figure supplement 3. Source files used for dot plots and statistical analysis are available in Figure 2—source data 1.