Animals vary considerably in size, shape, and physiological features across individuals, but yet achieve remarkably similar behavioral performances. We examined how animals compensate for morphophysiological variation by measuring the system dynamics of individual knifefish (Eigenmannia virescens) in a refuge tracking task. Kinematic measurements of Eigenmannia were used to generate individualized estimates of each fish's locomotor plant and controller, revealing substantial variability between fish. To test the impact of this variability on behavioral performance, these models were used to perform simulated 'brain transplants'-computationally swapping controllers and plants between individuals. We found that simulated closed-loop performance was robust to mismatch between plant and controller. This suggests that animals rely on feedback rather than precisely tuned neural controllers to compensate for morphophysiological variability.
- Noah J Cowan
- Eric S Fortune
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
Animal experimentation: All experimental procedures used for this study were reviewed and approved by Johns Hopkins (protocol: FI19A178) and Rutgers (protocol: 999900774) Animal Care and Use committees and followed the guidelines given by the National Research Council and the Society for Neuroscience.
- Ronald L Calabrese, Emory University, United States
- Received: August 20, 2019
- Accepted: January 21, 2020
- Accepted Manuscript published: January 23, 2020 (version 1)
© 2020, Uyanik et al.
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