Motor inhibitory control implemented as response inhibition is an essential cognitive function required to dynamically adapt to rapidly changing environments. Despite of over a decade of research on the neural mechanisms of response inhibition, it remains unclear, how exactly response inhibition is initiated and implemented. Using a multimodal MEG/fMRI approach in 59 subjects our results reliably reveal that response inhibition is initiated by the right inferior frontal gyrus (rIFG) as a form of attention-independent top-down control that involves the modulation of beta-band activity. Furthermore, stopping performance was predicted by beta-band power and beta-band connectivity was directed from rIFG to pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA), indicating rIFG's dominance over pre-SMA. Thus, these results strongly support the hypothesis that rIFG initiates stopping, implemented by beta-band oscillations with potential to open up new ways of spatially localized oscillation-based interventions.
All data generated or analysed during this study are included in the manuscript and supporting files. All source data files are available on Dryad Digital repository (https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.x3ffbg7gp). All custom Matlab codes used in these analyses are available at https://github.com/meglab/acSST).
Right inferior frontal gyrus implements motor inhibitory control via beta-band oscillations in humansDryad Digital Repository, doi:10.5061/dryad.x3ffbg7gp.
- Michael Schaum
- Edoardo Pinzuti
- Alexandra Sebastian
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
Human subjects: All individual participants included in the study provided written informed consent before participation and consent to publish any research findings based on their provided data in anonymized form. The study was approved by the local ethics committees (Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, and Medical Board of Rhineland-Palatinate, Mainz, Germany¸ IRB Protocol no. 837.128.11), and participants were financially compensated for their time.
- Simon Little, UCSF, United States
- Received: July 31, 2020
- Accepted: March 23, 2021
- Accepted Manuscript published: March 23, 2021 (version 1)
© 2021, Schaum et al.
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.