Oxidative stress–mediated formation of protein hydroperoxides can induce irreversible fragmentation of the peptide backbone and accumulation of cross-linked protein aggregates, leading to cellular toxicity, dysfunction, and death. However, how bacteria protect themselves from damages caused by protein hydroperoxidation is unknown. Here we show that YjbI, a group II truncated haemoglobin from Bacillus subtilis, prevents oxidative aggregation of cell-surface proteins by its protein hydroperoxide peroxidase-like activity, which removes hydroperoxide groups from oxidised proteins. Disruption of the yjbI gene in B. subtilis lowered biofilm water repellence, which associated with the cross-linked aggregation of the biofilm matrix protein TasA. YjbI was localised to the cell surface or the biofilm matrix, and the sensitivity of planktonically grown cells to generators of reactive oxygen species was significantly increased upon yjbI disruption, suggesting that YjbI pleiotropically protects labile cell-surface proteins from oxidative damage. YjbI removed hydroperoxide residues from the model oxidized protein substrate bovine serum albumin and biofilm component TasA, preventing oxidative aggregation in vitro. Furthermore, the replacement of Tyr63 near the haem of YjbI with phenylalanine resulted in the loss of its protein peroxidase-like activity, and the mutant gene failed to rescue biofilm water repellency and resistance to oxidative stress induced by hypochlorous acid in the yjbI-deficient strain. These findings provide new insights into the role of truncated haemoglobin and the importance of hydroperoxide removal from proteins in the survival of aerobic bacteria.
All data is available within the text, figures, and tables of the manuscript. Source data files have been provided for Figures 2, 3, Figure 2-figure supplement 1, Figure 3-figure supplement 1 and Figure 4-figure supplement 1.
- Takeshi Imai
- Takeshi Imai
- Hisaaki Mihara
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
- Agnese Seminara, University of Genoa, Italy
© 2022, Imai et al.
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