2,300 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell types and neuronal circuitry underlying female aggression in Drosophila

    Catherine E Schretter et al.
    A discrete group of interconnected neurons are shown to drive aggressive social interactions in Drosophila females and genetic tools to manipulate these neuronal cell types are provided.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Layered roles of fruitless isoforms in specification and function of male aggression-promoting neurons in Drosophila

    Margot Wohl et al.
    Male-type aggressive and courtship behaviors of the fruit flies are differentially specified by two sex-determining genes, providing a substrate for the evolution to sculpt these two behaviors independently.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep deprivation suppresses aggression in Drosophila

    Matthew S Kayser et al.
    A single night of sleep deprivation suppresses fighting behaviors in male fruit flies, with consequent impairments in reproductive fitness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar Purkinje cell activity modulates aggressive behavior

    Skyler L Jackman et al.
    Optogenetic control of Purkinje cells in the cerebellar vermis enables bidirectional control of aggression.
    1. Neuroscience

    P1 interneurons promote a persistent internal state that enhances inter-male aggression in Drosophila

    Eric D Hoopfer et al.
    A sexually dimorphic circuit node controls a persistent, internal state that promotes fighting and mating in Drosophila, revealing parallels with mammalian systems suggestive of a conserved circuit "motif" controlling social behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Male-predominant galanin mediates androgen-dependent aggressive chases in medaka

    Junpei Yamashita et al.
    In medaka fish, galanin-expressing neurons in the medial preoptic area occur nearly exclusively in males and mediate androgen-dependent male–male aggressive chases.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Ingression-type cell migration drives vegetal endoderm internalisation in the Xenopus gastrula

    Jason WH Wen, Rudolf Winklbauer
    The cellular behaviours that underlie the internalization of the multilayered endoderm anlage in Xenopus laevis link the ancestral mode of vertebrate gastrulation to common, epithelial-based mechanisms of gastrulation in non-vertebrate animals.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    How competition governs whether moderate or aggressive treatment minimizes antibiotic resistance

    Caroline Colijn, Ted Cohen
    Both within and between hosts, the key factor guiding whether increasing treatment strength will increase or decrease antibiotic resistance is whether inter-strain competition is effective, not whether it is present.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Folded gastrulation and T48 drive the evolution of coordinated mesoderm internalization in flies

    Silvia Urbansky et al.
    Functional recapitulation of a likely evolutionary gain in gene expression shows that two genes are sufficient to switch mesoderm cell internalization from stochastic cell ingression to coordinated epithelial invagination.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Subterranean mammals show convergent regression in ocular genes and enhancers, along with adaptation to tunneling

    Raghavendran Partha et al.
    Repeated evolution of eye regression in subterranean mammals helps identify genes and regulatory elements involved in visual perception and development of the eye, and predicts candidate sequences with a potential role in ocular disorders.

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