1. Biochemistry
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LARP4 mRNA codon-tRNA match contributes to LARP4 activity for ribosomal protein mRNA poly(A) tail length protection

  1. Sandy Mattijssen
  2. Aneeshkumar G Arimbasseri
  3. James R Iben
  4. Sergei Gaidamakov
  5. Joowon Lee
  6. Markus Hafner
  7. Richard J Maraia Is a corresponding author
  1. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, United States
  2. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, United States
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Cite as: eLife 2017;6:e28889 doi: 10.7554/eLife.28889

Abstract

Messenger RNA function is controlled by the 3' poly(A) tail (PAT) and poly(A)-binding protein (PABP). La-related protein-4 (LARP4) binds poly(A) and PABP. LARP4 mRNA contains a translation-dependent, coding region determinant (CRD) of instability that limits its expression. Although the CRD comprises <10% of LARP4 codons, the mRNA levels vary >20-fold with synonymous CRD substitutions that accommodate tRNA dynamics. Separately, overexpression of the most limiting tRNA increases LARP4 levels and reveals its functional activity, net lengthening of the PATs of heterologous mRNAs with concomitant stabilization, including ribosomal protein (rp)mRNAs. Genetic deletion of cellular LARP4 decreases PAT length and rpmRNA stability. This LARP4 activity requires its PABP-interaction domain and the RNA-binding module which we show is sensitive to poly(A) 3'-termini, consistent with protection from deadenylation. The results indicate that LARP4 is a posttranscriptional regulator of ribosomal protein production in mammalian cells and suggest that this activity can be controlled by tRNA levels.

Article and author information

Author details

  1. Sandy Mattijssen

    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  2. Aneeshkumar G Arimbasseri

    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  3. James R Iben

    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  4. Sergei Gaidamakov

    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  5. Joowon Lee

    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  6. Markus Hafner

    National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Bethesda, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon 0000-0002-4336-6518
  7. Richard J Maraia

    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, United States
    For correspondence
    maraiar@dir6.nichd.nih.gov
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon 0000-0002-5209-0066

Funding

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (HD000412-30)

  • Richard J Maraia

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.

Ethics

Animal experimentation: This study was performed in strict accordance with the recommendations in the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals of the National Institutes of Health, under NICHD ASP# 10-005 . All of the animals were handled according to approved institutional animal care and use committee (IACUC) of the NICHD.

Reviewing Editor

  1. Nahum Sonenberg, Reviewing Editor, McGill University, Canada

Publication history

  1. Received: May 23, 2017
  2. Accepted: September 5, 2017
  3. Accepted Manuscript published: September 12, 2017 (version 1)

Copyright

This is an open-access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication.

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