Cardiac neural crest cells contribute to important portions of the cardiovascular system including the aorticopulmonary septum and cardiac ganglion. Using replication incompetent avian retroviruses for precise high-resolution lineage analysis, we uncover a previously undescribed neural crest contribution to cardiomyocytes of the ventricles in Gallus gallus, supported by Wnt1-Cre lineage analysis in Mus musculus. To test the intriguing possibility that neural crest cells contribute to heart repair, we examined Danio rerio adult heart regeneration in the neural crest transgenic line, Tg(-4.9sox10:eGFP). Whereas the adult heart has few sox10+ cells in the apex, sox10 and other neural crest regulatory network genes are upregulated in the regenerating myocardium after resection. The results suggest that neural crest cells contribute to many cardiovascular structures including cardiomyocytes across vertebrates and to the regenerating heart of teleost fish. Thus, understanding molecular mechanisms that control the normal development of the neural crest into cardiomyocytes and reactivation of the neural crest program upon regeneration may open potential therapeutic approaches to repair heart damage in amniotes.
- Marianne E Bronner
- Marianne E Bronner
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
Animal experimentation: Adult zebrafish were maintained in the Beckman Institute Zebrafish Facility at Caltech, and all animal and embryo work were completed in compliance with California Institute of Technology Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) protocol 1764.
- Didier Y Stainier, Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research, Germany
- Received: April 25, 2019
- Accepted: August 8, 2019
- Accepted Manuscript published: August 8, 2019 (version 1)
© 2019, Tang et al.
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