Sensorimotor learning adapts motor output to maintain movement accuracy. For saccadic eye movements, learning also alters space perception, suggesting a dissociation between the performed saccade and its internal representation derived from corollary discharge (CD). This is critical since learning is commonly believed to be driven by CD-based visual prediction error. We estimate the internal saccade representation through pre- and trans-saccadic target localization, showing that it decouples from the actual saccade during learning. We present a model that explains motor and perceptual changes by collective plasticity of spatial target percept, motor command, and a forward dynamics model that transforms CD from motor into visuospatial coordinates. We show that learning does not follow visual prediction error but instead a postdictive update of space after saccade landing. We conclude that trans-saccadic space perception guides motor learning via CD-based postdiction of motor error under the assumption of a stable world.
Data will be available at https://zenodo.org upon article acceptance.
- Markus Lappe
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
Human subjects: All subjects gave written informed consent to participation and publication. The experiment was approved by the ethics committee of the Department of Psychology and Sport Science of the University of Münster (protocol number 2015-21-ML).
- Miriam Spering, The University of British Columbia, Canada
- Received: October 22, 2020
- Accepted: March 4, 2021
- Accepted Manuscript published: March 9, 2021 (version 1)
© 2021, Masselink & Lappe
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