2,282 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting on prosociality in corvids

    Lisa Horn et al.
    A systematic experimental comparison of prosocial behavior in eight corvid species reveals sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting, thereby adding important new insights regarding the evolution of prosociality.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cooperation between distinct viral variants promotes growth of H3N2 influenza in cell culture

    Katherine S Xue et al.
    The frequent co-occurrence of two variants of influenza is due to the fact that they cooperate, meaning that a mixed population grows better than either variant alone.
    1. Neuroscience

    Clusters of cooperative ion channels enable a membrane-potential-based mechanism for short-term memory

    Paul Pfeiffer et al.
    Independently gating ion channels typically act fast within milliseconds, but cooperative interactions within a cluster of channels allow for a memory of previous electrical activity for several seconds.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Privatisation rescues function following loss of cooperation

    Sandra Breum Andersen et al.
    A population of pathogenic bacteria is found to respond to the loss of cooperation by privatising an essential function.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Strong inter-population cooperation leads to partner intermixing in microbial communities

    Babak Momeni et al.
    Simulations and experiments on systems containing two different populations of microorganisms show that interactions that benefit at least one of the populations can lead to communities with stable compositions, and that strong cooperation between two populations can lead to communities in which both populations are mixed together.
    1. Ecology

    Spatial self-organization favors heterotypic cooperation over cheating

    Babak Momeni et al.
    Two cooperative populations of yeast cells that cannot distinguish between cooperative partners and cheating intruders can still self-organize into clusters that exclude cheaters.
    1. Ecology

    Acknowledging selection at sub-organismal levels resolves controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms

    Wenying Shou
    Building on previous work (Momeni et al., 2013), it is shown that recognizing the hierarchical organization of biological systems resolves the ongoing controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms.
    1. Ecology

    Antagonistic effects of intraspecific cooperation and interspecific competition on thermal performance

    Hsiang-Yu Tsai et al.
    By integrating theoretical and empirical approaches, the results show that linking abiotic factor and biotic interactions on the niche width will be critical for understanding species-specific responses to climate change.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Pleiotropic mutations can rapidly evolve to directly benefit self and cooperative partner despite unfavorable conditions

    Samuel Frederick Mock Hart et al.
    Mutations that directly benefit both self and cooperative partner can readily evolve to promote cooperation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Klf5 regulates muscle differentiation by directly targeting muscle-specific genes in cooperation with MyoD in mice

    Shinichiro Hayashi et al.
    The regulatory programs governing skeletal muscle regeneration that are controlled by Klf5 in cooperation with MyoD and Mef2 provide a potential avenue for intervention into muscle regeneration through modulation of Klf5.

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