43 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct hierarchical alterations of intrinsic neural timescales account for different manifestations of psychosis

    Kenneth Wengler et al.
    fMRI evidence for distinct hierarchical alterations in intrinsic neural timescales for different positive symptoms of schizophrenia support hierarchical perceptual-inference models of psychosis and suggest local increases in excitation-inhibition ratio.
    1. Neuroscience

    Paranoia as a deficit in non-social belief updating

    Erin J Reed et al.
    Paranoia is underwritten by variation in prior beliefs about how the world will change and how to learn from those changes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Taar1 gene variants have a causal role in methamphetamine intake and response and interact with Oprm1

    Alexandra M Stafford et al.
    The trace amine-associated receptor 1 gene has a causal role in methamphetamine intake and thermal response, and interacts with the mu-opioid receptor gene in its methamphetamine addiction-related effects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurophysiological evidence of efference copies to inner speech

    Thomas J Whitford et al.
    The silent production of words in one's mind generates an efference copy that is similar in nature to the efference copy associated with overt vocalization.
    1. Neuroscience

    Live calcium and mitochondrial imaging in the enteric nervous system of Parkinson patients and controls

    An-Sofie Desmet et al.
    In contrast to previous post-mortem or fixed tissue histochemical reports, live calcium and mitochondrial imaging data suggest that the enteric nervous system is not generally affected in Parkinson's disease patients.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Medicine

    CHARGE syndrome modeling using patient-iPSCs reveals defective migration of neural crest cells harboring CHD7 mutations

    Hironobu Okuno et al.
    Neural crest cells differentiated from patient-derived cells with mutations in the chromatin remodeler CHD7 show defective delamination, migration and motility in vitro, and defective migration in chick embryos.
    1. Neuroscience

    The effects of psychosocial stress on dopaminergic function and the acute stress response

    Michael AP Bloomfield et al.
    Imaging and laboratory-induced psychosocial stress showed that exposure to psychosocial adversity was associated with dampened striatal dopaminergic function alongside blunted physiological yet potentiated subjective responses to acute stress.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Risk of psychiatric disorders among the surviving twins after a co-twin loss

    Huan Song et al.
    A population-based analysis demonstrates that surviving twins who lose their co-twins by death are at considerably elevated risks of developing psychiatric disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective attenuation of Ether-a-go-go related K+ currents by endogenous acetylcholine reduces spike-frequency adaptation and network correlation

    Edward D Cui, Ben W Strowbridge
    Acetylcholine, a common modulator in the brain, controls spike-frequency adaptation by specifically attenuating Ether-a-go-go related K+ currents, thereby explaining many cortical network statistical changes often observed in vivo.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Proteolytically released Lasso/teneurin-2 induces axonal attraction by interacting with latrophilin-1 on axonal growth cones

    Nickolai V Vysokov et al.
    Lasso and latrophilin-1 interact across the synapse, while shed Lasso binds latrophilin-1 on distant growth cones and attracts them, providing a universal mechanism for short- and long-range axonal guidance.

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