Browse our latest Microbiology and Infectious Disease articles

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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM channels mediate learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention

    Adam Filipowicz et al.
    Behavioral assays using Caenorhabditis elegans show that a learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention requires specific chemosensory neurons and TRPM channels in the intestine and excretory cell.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reshaping of bacterial molecular hydrogen metabolism contributes to the outgrowth of commensal E. coli during gut inflammation

    Elizabeth R Hughes et al.
    Bioinformatics analyses and experiments in mouse models reveal how Escherichia coli accesses the molecular hydrogen pool to boost colonization during acute colitis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 uncoating by release of viral cDNA from capsid-like structures in the nucleus of infected cells

    Thorsten G Müller et al.
    HIV-1 capsids enter the host cell nucleus, where they are partially disrupted to release the viral genome upon completion of reverse transcription.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Systematic screening of viral and human genetic variation identifies antiretroviral resistance and immune escape link

    Huyen Nguyen et al.
    The presence of certain HLA alleles drives the emergence or maintenance of otherwise deleterious drug-resistant mutations in patients living with HIV, even when the patient is antiretroviral treatment naïve.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Infection: You can keep your coat on

    Gregory J Bedwell, Alan N Engelman
    High-resolution imaging techniques reveal new insights into the actions of the retrovirus HIV-1 inside host cells.
    Insight
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    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel ATP dependent dimethylsulfoniopropionate lyase in bacteria that releases dimethyl sulfide and acryloyl-CoA

    Chun-Yang Li et al.
    A novel dimethylsulfoniopropionate lyase was identified, which catalyzes dimethyl sulfide releasing by a new mechanism and is found in several bacterial lineages, revealing its important roles in global sulfur cycling.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A sustained type I IFN-neutrophil-IL-18 axis drives pathology during mucosal viral infection

    Tania Lebratti et al.
    Type I IFN is a key determinant of pathogenic neutrophil activity and drives tissue pathology through modulation of IL-18 levels during genital HSV infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal antimicrobial toxicity is neutralized by an intracellular pathogen

    Hannah Tabakh et al.
    The aldehyde 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal is a novel component of the host antimicrobial reactive oxygen burst, and the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes encodes genes specifically for its detoxification.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Heterogeneity in transmissibility and shedding SARS-CoV-2 via droplets and aerosols

    Paul Z Chen et al.
    Broader case variation in respiratory viral load, and in shedding virus via droplets and aerosols, for SARS-CoV-2 than influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 facilitates greater transmission heterogeneity in the COVID-19 pandemic than the 2009 flu pandemic.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Human airway cells prevent SARS-CoV-2 multibasic cleavage site cell culture adaptation

    Mart M Lamers et al.
    Cell culture adaptation of SARS-CoV-2 is prevented on human airway cells with an active serine protease-mediated entry pathway, allowing the production of genetically stable virus stocks for laboratory experiments.