eLife reviews research including brain function, neuronal circuits, synapses, sensory processing and motor pattern generation. Learn more about what we review and sign up for the latest research.
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Latest articles

    1. Neuroscience

    Cholinergic and noradrenergic axonal activity contains a behavioral-state signal that is coordinated across the dorsal cortex

    Lindsay Collins, John Francis ... David A McCormick
    Cortical cholinergic and noradrenergic signaling contains a strong low-frequency component that is distributed across the mouse cortex and is related to the behavioral state of the animal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early language exposure affects neural mechanisms of semantic representations

    Xiaosha Wang, Bijun Wang, Yanchao Bi
    Impoverished access to natural human language during early childhood reduces semantic structure encoding in the left dorsal anterior temporal lobe, which provides positive evidence for the role of language in forming specific neural semantic representations in the human brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two conserved vocal central pattern generators broadly tuned for fast and slow rates generate species-specific vocalizations in Xenopus clawed frogs

    Ayako Yamaguchi, Manon Peltier
    Although courtship vocalizations are unique to each species, the basic architecture of the neural circuitries underlying this behavior is conserved among closely related species of frogs, suggesting behavior can diverge while utilizing the homologous neural network inherited through evolutionary lineage.
    1. Neuroscience

    Development of frequency tuning shaped by spatial cue reliability in the barn owl’s auditory midbrain

    Keanu Shadron, José Luis Peña
    The juvenile barn owl displays wide heterogeneity in tuning properties in the auditory midbrain, which is shaped during development to match the pattern of sensory statistics experienced in early life and maintained into adulthood.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early-life experience reorganizes neuromodulatory regulation of stage-specific behavioral responses and individuality dimensions during development

    Reemy Ali Nasser, Yuval Harel, Shay Stern
    Early-life experiences and neuromodulatory mechanisms shape discontinuous behavioral plasticity across developmental stages and modify the spectrum of long-term individuality patterns within isogenic populations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adolescent neurostimulation of dopamine circuit reverses genetic deficits in frontal cortex function

    Surjeet Mastwal, Xinjian Li ... Kuan Hong Wang
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Instantaneous antidepressant effect of lateral habenula deep brain stimulation in rats studied with functional MRI

    Gen Li, Binshi Bo ... Xiaojie Duan
    Electrical stimulation at the lateral habenula causes an instantaneous remission of depressive symptoms in two rat models, with more medial stimulation sites exhibiting greater antidepressant effects than more lateral stimulation sites, as revealed by functional MRI studies.

Senior editors

  1. Timothy Behrens
    University of Oxford, United Kingdom
  2. Kenton J Swartz
    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH, United States
  3. Michael Taffe
    University of California, San Diego, United States
  4. See more editors