1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
  2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Download icon

Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

Research Article
Cited
50
Views
11,468
Comments
0
Cite as: eLife 2015;4:e06416 doi: 10.7554/eLife.06416

Abstract

The bacteriophage population is large, dynamic, ancient, and genetically diverse. Limited genomic information shows that phage genomes are mosaic, and the genetic architecture of phage populations remains ill-defined. To understand the population structure of phages infecting a single host strain, we isolated, sequenced, and compared 627 phages of Mycobacterium smegmatis. Their genetic diversity is considerable, and there are 28 distinct genomic types (clusters) with related nucleotide sequences. However, amino acid sequence comparisons show pervasive genomic mosaicism, and quantification of inter-cluster and intra-cluster relatedness reveals a continuum of genetic diversity, albeit with uneven representation of different phages. Furthermore, rarefaction analysis shows that the mycobacteriophage population is not closed, and there is a constant influx of genes from other sources. Phage isolation and analysis was performed by a large consortium of academic institutions, illustrating the substantial benefits of a disseminated, structured program involving large numbers of freshman undergraduates in scientific discovery.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.001

eLife digest

Viruses are unable to replicate independently. To generate copies of itself, a virus must instead invade a target cell and commandeer that cell's replication machinery. Different viruses are able to invade different types of cell, and a group of viruses known as bacteriophages (or phages for short) replicate within bacteria. The enormous number and diversity of phages in the world means that they play an important role in virtually every ecosystem.

Despite their importance, relatively little is known about how different phage populations are related to each other and how they evolved. Many phages contain their genetic information in the form of strands of DNA. Using genetic sequencing to find out where and how different genes are encoded in the DNA can reveal information about how different viruses are related to each other. These relationships are particularly complicated in phages, as they can exchange genes with other viruses and microbes.

Previous studies comparing the genomes—the complete DNA sequence—of reasonably small numbers of phages that infect the Mycobacterium group of bacteria have found that the phages can be sorted into ‘clusters’ based on similarities in their genes and where these are encoded in their DNA. However, the number of phages investigated so far has been too small to conclude how different clusters are related. Are the clusters separate, or do they form a ‘continuum’ with different genes and DNA sequences shared between different clusters?

Here, Pope, Bowman, Russell et al. compare the individual genomes of 627 bacteriophages that infect the bacterial species Mycobacterium smegmatis. This is by far the largest number of phage genomes analyzed from a single host species. The large number of genomes analyzed allowed a much clearer understanding of the complexity and diversity of these phages to be obtained. The isolation, sequencing and analysis of the hundreds of M. smegmatis bacteriophage genomes was performed by an integrated research and education program, called the Science Education Alliance Phage Hunters Advancing Genomics and Evolutionary Science (SEA-PHAGES) program. This enabled thousands of undergraduate students from different institutions to contribute to the phage discovery and sequencing project, and co-author the report. SEA-PHAGES therefore shows that it is possible to successfully incorporate genuine scientific research into an undergraduate course, and that doing so can benefit both the students and researchers involved.

The results show that while the genomes could be categorized into 28 clusters, the genomes are not completely unrelated. Instead, a spread of diversity is seen, as genes and groups of genes are shared between different clusters. Pope, Bowman, Russell et al. further reveal that the phage population is in a constant state of change, and continuously acquires genes from other microorganisms and viruses.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.002

Introduction

Bacteriophages are the dark matter of the biological universe, forming a vast, ancient, dynamic, and genetically diverse population, replete with genes of unknown function (Pedulla et al., 2003). Phages are the most abundant organisms in the biosphere, and the ∼1031 tailed phage particles participate in ∼1023 infections per second on a global scale, with the entire population turning over every few days (Suttle, 2007). The population is not only vast and dynamic, but comparisons of virion structures suggest that it is also extremely old (Krupovic and Bamford, 2010). It is thus not surprising that bacteriophages are genetically highly diverse, although their comparative genomics has lagged behind that of other microbes, largely due to the lack of individual isolates for genomic analyses (Hatfull and Hendrix, 2011). To date, there are approximately 2000 completely sequenced bacteriophage genomes in the GenBank database, a small number relative to the more than 30,000 sequenced prokaryotic genomes (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/browse/), in spite of phage genomes being only 1–5% of the size of their host genomes.

Double-stranded DNA tailed phages are proposed to have evolved with common ancestry but with different phages having differential access to a large common gene pool (Hendrix et al., 1999). Phage genomes are typified by their mosaic architectures generated by gene loss and gain through horizontal genetic exchange; however, the parameters influencing access to the common gene pool are numerous and likely include host range, genome size, replication mode, and life style (temperate vs lytic). Migration to new hosts is probably common, but is affected by local host diversity and mutation rates, as well as resistance mechanisms such as receptor availability, restriction, CRISPRs, and abortive infection systems (Buckling and Brockhurst, 2012; Jacobs-Sera et al., 2012; Hoskisson et al., 2015). Constraints on gene acquisition may also be imposed by synteny—particularly among virion structural genes—and by size limits of DNA packaging (Juhala et al., 2000; Hatfull and Hendrix, 2011).

We have previously described comparative analyses of modest numbers of mycobacteriophages and shown that they can be sorted by nucleotide sequence and gene content comparisons into groups of closely related genomes referred to as ‘clusters’ (designated Cluster A, B, C, etc.); phages without any close relatives are referred to as ‘singletons’. Some of the clusters can be further divided into subclusters (e.g., Subcluster A1, A2, A3, etc.) according to nucleotide sequence relatedness (Pedulla et al., 2003; Hatfull et al., 2006, 2010; Pope et al., 2011b). The genomes are mosaic whereby individual phages are constructed as assemblages of modules, many of which are single genes (Pedulla et al., 2003). Each mycobacteriophage cluster has features particular to that cluster (e.g., regulatory systems, repeated sequences, tRNA genes, etc. [Pope et al., 2011a, 2011b, 2013, 2014a, 2014b]), but because of the pervasive mosaicism, the relationships among phages within clusters and between clusters are complex. Collections of phages have been isolated on other hosts such as Bacillus spp., Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas spp., Propionibacterium spp. and Staphylococcus spp. (Kwan et al., 2005, 2006; Kropinski et al., 2007; Marinelli et al., 2012; Hatfull et al., 2013; Grose and Casjens, 2014; Grose et al., 2014; Lee et al., 2014) and these can be similarly divided into clusters based on DNA similarity. Recent analysis of 337 phages infecting 31 bacterial species within the Enterobacteriaceae (Grose and Casjens, 2014) reveals 56 clusters of phage genomes. It is thus clear that there is substantial diversity within the phage population, even when comparing phages of a common host and which are expected to be in direct genetic contact with each other in their natural environment (Hatfull and Hendrix, 2011). Nonetheless, the numbers of genomes isolated on a particular host generally are too small to define the nature and the size of the populations at large with any substantial resolution.

Viral metagenomic studies provide valuable insights into phage diversity and population dynamics, but typically generate few complete genome sequences or any specific information relating viral genomes to specific bacterial hosts (Hambly and Suttle, 2005; Rodriguez-Brito et al., 2010; Mokili et al., 2012). A recent analysis of Synechococcus phages using metagenomic analysis coupled with viral tagging showed that there are multiple ‘populations’ of these phages (similar to the clusters described above), but suggested that these represent distinct groups of related phages rather than a continuous spectrum of diversity (Deng et al., 2014). This differs from prior predictions that the phage population as a whole likely spans a continuum of diversity—albeit with uneven representation of different groups of related phages—because of genomic mosaicism (Hendrix, 2003; Hatfull, 2010, 2012). However, as the Synechococcus phage data are derived from a single sample using a single host, it is unclear if this extends to phages of other hosts (Deng et al., 2014).

Here we describe the comparative analysis of a large number of completely sequenced mycobacteriophage genomes and demonstrate that they represent a spectrum of diversity and do not constitute discrete populations. Rarefaction analyses of their constituent genes are consistent with populations of gene families shared among mycobacteriophages being augmented by the introduction of new gene families from outside sources. The assembling of a large and highly informative collection of bacteriophages by a consortium of students and faculty at multiple institutions demonstrates that a course-based research experience (CRE) can be successfully implemented at large scale without compromising the authenticity or richness of a scientific investigation imbued with discovery and project ownership.

Results and discussion

A genome-by-genome approach to defining phage diversity

Exploring phage diversity using a genome-by-genome approach has notable advantages and some potential disadvantages. The main advantage is that complete genome sequences give information about genome length and composition, providing key insights into genome mosaicism and how genome segments are shared and exchanged. A difficulty is that there are not large extant phage collections available for most bacterial hosts, and isolation, purification, and characterization of phages can be slow and time-consuming. Because isolation typically requires plaque formation and growth in the laboratory, some naturally occurring phages may escape isolation using standard methods. Thus, although the diversity of phages isolated and propagated in the laboratory may not capture all types of phage, it represents a minimum, not a maximum, index of diversity.

Authentic research in a CRE

The 2012 report from the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) focused on the poor retention of undergraduate students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) as an impediment to meeting US economic demands (PCAST, 2012). One of the PCAST recommendations is to replace traditional introductory laboratory courses with research-based experiences that would inspire freshman students and promote STEM retention. A powerful strategy is to engage students in scientific discovery through CREs. The successful implementation of this strategy depends on (i) identifying research questions that can engage students in contributing genuine advances in scientific knowledge without requiring prior expert knowledge, and (ii) designing the project so that large numbers of students can participate in a meaningful fashion.

We have previously described the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Science Education Alliance Phage Hunters Advancing Genomics and Evolutionary Science (SEA-PHAGES) program, in which beginning undergraduate students isolate, purify, sequence, annotate, and compare bacteriophages, and have described its educational advantages (Jordan et al., 2014). By taking advantage of the massive diversity of the phage population so that each student can isolate a unique phage, the program encourages student ownership of their science. And because the collective discoveries by many students generate new scientific insights, the program creates a scientific community of students engaged in authentic research.

The SEA-PHAGES program has contributed to the growth of the collection of sequenced mycobacteriophages to nearly 700 individual isolates (http://phagesdb.org), of which 627 were selected for a detailed analysis (Supplementary file 1). This is by far the largest collection of sequenced phage genomes for any single host and thus promises to substantially advance our understanding of phage diversity. The phages were isolated using either direct plating or by enrichment using Mycobacterium smegmatis mc2155 as a host, and sequenced using next-generation approaches (see ‘Materials and methods’). More than 5000 students—primarily freshmen—at 74 institutions have been involved since inception of the SEA-PHAGES program in 2008, and the phages isolated represent a broad geographical distribution (Figure 1) and a variety of viral morphotypes (http://phagesdb.org). The new insights gained from comparative genomic analyses of these phages—as described below—demonstrate the effectiveness of viral discovery and genomics as a model for CRE development.

Geographical distribution of sequenced mycobacteriophages.

(A) Locations of sequenced mycobacteriophages across the globe. (B) Locations of sequenced mycobacteriophages across the United States. Colors and letter designations on the isolates refer to the cluster to which the genomes belong. Data from www.phagesdb.org.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.003

Assembling mycobacteriophages into clusters and subclusters

Using previously reported parameters based primarily on nucleotide sequence similarity spanning >50% genome length (Hatfull et al., 2006), the 627 genomes were assembled into 20 clusters (A–T) and eight singletons (with no close relatives) (Figure 2, Supplementary file 1); 11 clusters were subdivided into 2 to 11 subclusters (Table 1). There is considerable variation in cluster size with substantial differences in the numbers of genomes in each cluster (2–232), but there is relatively little variation in either genome length or the numbers of genes per genome in any given cluster (Table 1). Cluster assignment is of practical utility and is generally robust, with clustered phages typically sharing genome architectures, as noted for the Enterobacteriacea (Grose and Casjens, 2014). For example, Cluster A phages are similar in size and transcriptional organization, and share an unusual immunity system (Brown et al., 1997; Pope et al., 2011b). Cluster M phages all contain large numbers of tRNA genes (Pope et al., 2014a), Cluster K (Pope et al., 2011a) and Cluster O (Cresawn et al., 2015) phages have different but characteristic repeated sequences, and Cluster J phages have an unusual capsid with a triangulation (T) number of 13 (Pope et al., 2013). Therefore, the organization of related mycobacteriophages into clusters provides a framework for identifying and interpreting gene trafficking within and among potentially distinct groups of genomes.

Figure 2 with 3 supplements see all
Nucleotide sequence comparison of 627 mycobacteriophages displayed as a dotplot.

Complete genome sequences of 627 mycobacteriophages were concatenated into a single file which was compared with itself using Gepard (Krumsiek et al., 2007) and displayed as a dotplot using default parameters (word length, 10). The order of the genomes is as listed in Supplementary file 1. Nucleotide similarity is a primary component in assembling phages into clusters, which typically requires evident DNA similarity spanning more than 50% of the genome lengths.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.004
Table 1

Diversity and genetic isolation of mycobacteriophage genome clusters

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.009
Cluster# Subclusters# GenomesAverage # genes*Average length (bp)Total phamsTotal genesCLASPCAP§CCI#CII
A1123290 ± 5.351,514108520,88038.312.40.0880.2
B5109100.4 ± 4.568,65342110,94466.223.20.2481.0
C245231 ± 5.9155,50448610,39589.329.40.4884.6
D21089.3 ± 6.464,96514789388.164.30.6171.4
E135141.9 ± 3.475,526236496787.263.80.6059.3
F366105.3 ± 5.357,416658695054.44.90.1655.8
G11461.5 ± 1.241,8457286196.091.10.8555.6
H2598.4 ± 5.769,46920749261.631.50.4867.6
I2478 ± 3.749,95414731258.935.00.5323.8
J116239.8 ± 9.3110,332530377670.840.10.4558.5
K53295.7 ± 4.659,720411306951.820.00.2373.5
L313127.9 ± 6.575,177246166378.250.80.5272.4
M23141 ± 8.881,63620142373.563.00.7069.2
N1769.1 ± 2.242,88815248464.145.60.4540.8
O15124.2 ± 3.170,65115162190.683.30.8264.2
P2978.8 ± 2.147,66815970976.142.30.5034.0
Q1585.2 ± 3.753,7559042696.690.40.9573.3
R14101.5 ± 2.571,34811740691.484.80.8771.8
S12109 ± 2.065,17211721891.791.70.9370.9
T1366.7 ± 2.442,8338320086.182.50.8062.7
Dori119464,6139494N/AN/AN/A35.8
DS6A119760,5889697N/AN/AN/A58.3
Gaia1119490,460193194N/AN/AN/A58.0
MooMoo119855,1789898N/AN/AN/A31.6
Muddy117148,2287071N/AN/AN/A71.4
Patience1110970,506109109N/AN/AN/A57.8
Sparky119363,3349393N/AN/AN/A48.4
Wildcat1114878,296148148N/AN/AN/A69.6
  1. *

    Average number of protein-coding genes per genome, with standard deviation.

  2. Total phams is the sum of all phamilies (groups of homologous mycobacteriophage genes) in that cluster.

  3. The Cluster Averaged Shared Phamilies (CLASP) index is the average of the percentages of phamilies shared pairwise between genomes within a cluster.

  4. §

    The Cluster-Associated Phamilies (CAP) index is the percentage of the average number of phamilies per genome within a cluster whose phamilies are present in every cluster member.

  5. #

    The Cluster Cohesion Index (CCI) is generated by dividing the average number of genes per genome by the total number of phamilies (phams) in that cluster.

  6. The Cluster Isolation Index (CII) is the percentage of phams that are present only in that cluster, and not present in other mycobacteriophages.

  7. N/A: Not applicable.

Gene content relationships among sequenced mycobacteriophages

Genome mosaicism is more apparent from comparison of gene product amino acid sequences than nucleotide sequence comparisons because of the accumulation of genome rearrangements over a longer period of evolution, during which indications of DNA similarity are lost. To compare mycobacteriophage gene contents we grouped related genes into protein families (‘phamilies’ or ‘phams’) using Phamerator (Cresawn et al., 2011), which we modified to use kClust (Hauser et al., 2013) so as to easily accommodate the large numbers of comparisons. The 69,633 genes assembled into 5205 phams of which 1613 (31%) are orphams (single-gene phamilies [Hatfull et al., 2010]). Approximately 25% of phams can be assigned functions in viral structure and assembly, DNA metabolism, integration, lysis, and regulation, but the vast majority are of unknown function. Representation of gene content relationships among all 627 phages as a network phylogeny reveals relationships that are in accord with the cluster and subcluster designations derived from nucleotide sequence comparisons (Figure 3). The multiple branches between clusters/subclusters reflect the phylogenetic complexities that arise from genome mosaicism, where genes within a genome have distinct evolutionary histories.

Network phylogeny of 627 mycobacteriophages based on gene content.

Genomes of 627 mycobacteriophages were compared according to shared gene content using the Phamerator (Cresawn et al., 2011) database Mykobacteriophage_627, and displayed using SplitsTree (Huson and Bryant, 2006). Colored circles indicate grouping of phages labeled according to their cluster designations generated by nucleotide sequence comparison (Figure 2); singleton genomes with no close relatives are labeled but not circled. Micrographs show morphotypes of the singleton MooMoo, the Cluster F phage Mozy, and the Cluster O phage Corndog. With the exception of DS6A, all of the phages infect Mycobacterium smegmatis mc2155.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.010

The distribution of orphams (genes without mycobacteriophage homologues) provides additional support for cluster/subcluster assignments; Figure 4). A relatively high proportion of orphams is a characteristic of both singleton genomes and single-genome subclusters (Figure 4). At least 30% of genes in all of the singleton genomes are orphams, and the single-genome subclusters have a minimum of 15% orphams; genomes in other clusters and subclusters typically have fewer than 10% orphams (Figure 4). The presence of numerous orphams ensures that the lack of cluster inclusion did not result from sequence errors or insufficient or inappropriate gene annotation. Notable exceptions are Predator (Subcluster H1) and Mendokysei (Cluster T), both of which are in very small clusters/subclusters, and KayaCho (Subcluster B4). KayaCho may warrant separation into a new subcluster (e.g., B6), but overall the orpham distribution is consistent with the cluster/subcluster designations.

Figure 4 with 2 supplements see all
Proportions of orphams in mycobacteriophage genomes.

The proportions of genes that are orphams (i.e., single-gene phamilies with no homologues within the mycobacteriophage dataset) are shown for each phage. The order of the phages is as shown in Supplementary file 1. All of the singleton genomes have >30% orphams, and most of the other genomes with relatively high proportions of orphams are the single-genome subclusters (Table 2) including Hawkeye (D2), Myrna (C2), Squirty (F3), Barnyard (H2), Che9c (I2), Whirlwind (L3), Rey (M2), and Purky (P2). Three phages shown in red type are not singletons or single-genome subclusters but have relatively high proportions of orphams. Predator and Mendokysei are members of the diverse and small clusters (five or fewer genomes) H and T, respectively; KayaCho is a member of Subcluster B4 but has a sufficiently high proportion of orphams to arguably warrant formation of a new subcluster, B6.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.012

The diversity of different clusters is highly varied

To determine the extent to which the various clusters/subclusters represent discrete groups, we generated a heat map showing pairwise shared gene content (Figure 5) and quantified the cluster/subcluster diversity (Table 1, Figure 6). The heat map strikingly illustrates that diversity is non-uniform, with genomes in some clusters (e.g., Subclusters B1, C1) being very closely related, whereas in others they display substantial differences (e.g., Subclusters A1, F1). The variation is also evident within the large Cluster A group, with some subclusters having low diversity (e.g., A4, A5, A6), some being highly diverse (e.g., A1, A2), and some plausibly further splitting into subgroups (A3) (Figure 5).

Heat map representation of shared gene content among 627 mycobacteriophages.

The percentages of pairwise shared genes was determined using a Phamerator (Cresawn et al., 2011) database (Mykobacteriophage_627) populated with 627 completely sequenced phage genomes. The 69,574 genes were assembled into 5205 phamilies (phams) of related sequences using kClust, and the average proportions of shared phams calculated. Genomes are ordered on both axes according to their cluster and subcluster designations (Supplementary file 1) determined by nucleotide sequence similarities (Figure 2). The values (proportions of pairwise shared phams averaged between each partner) are colored as indicated.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.016
Figure 6 with 2 supplements see all
Cluster diversity and isolation.

(A) The CLuster Averaged Shared Phamilies (CLASP; blue), Cluster Associated Phamilies (CAP; red) and Cluster Cohesion Index (CCI; green) values are plotted for each mycobacteriophage cluster. (B) The Cluster Isolation Index (CII) and CLASP values (both shown as percentages) are plotted for each phage cluster. Singletons (white circles) are not individually labeled but correspond to the values shown in Table 1.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.018

We quantified the cluster diversity using three different measures, CLuster Average Shared Phamilies (CLASP), Cluster Associated Phamilies (CAP), and Cluster Cohesion Index (CCI) (Tables 1, 2, Figure 6A). Both CAP (the number of phams present in all genomes within a cluster divided by the average number of genes per genome) and CCI (the average number of genes per genome as a percentage of the total number of phams in that cluster) show substantial variation between clusters (Table 1, S2), and little evidence for commonly conserved ‘core genes’, as suggested for T4-related phages (Petrov et al., 2010). However, both of these parameters are somewhat influenced by cluster/subcluster size, which varies from cluster to cluster. In contrast, CLASP (the percentage of phamilies shared between two genomes, then averaged across all possible pairs within a cluster or subcluster) is relatively insensitive to cluster/subcluster size (as seen by a resampling analysis; Figure 6—figure supplement 1), but still shows substantial variation from one cluster to another (Table 1, Figure 6A).

Table 2

Genometrics and Cluster Cohesion Indexes of mycobacteriophages

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.022
ClusterSubcluster# GenomesAverage # genesAverage length (bp)# PhamsCLASP*CAPCCI
A23290.051,514108538.312.48.0
A17291.251,95441672.336.922.0
A22893.452,80531264.730.130.0
A33787.750,32516381.148.854.0
A44687.451,37612592.770.670.0
A51686.050,53115281.458.757.0
A61197.851,67712890.275.176.0
A7384.352,94111574.964.473.0
A8497.851,59710793.586.891.0
A9496.052,83810692.783.491.0
A10780.049,17411281.660.971.0
A11498.552,26011393.688.387.0
B108100.468,65342166.223.224.0
B177101.868,53214493.272.971.0
B2889.967,26710194.984.689.0
B312102.868,69812196.384.785.0
B4896.170,61916679.945.858.0
B5396.370,03310891.787.289.0
C45231.0155,50448689.329.448.0
C144231.0155,29734591.973.267.0
C21229.0164,602227N/AN/AN/A
D1089.364,96514788.164.361.0
D1987.364,69710094.988.887.0
D21107.067,383107N/AN/AN/A
E35141.975,52623587.263.860.0
F66105.357,41665854.44.916.0
F160104.857,48657359.620.618.0
F25110.855,99620765.749.054.0
F31107.060,285105N/AN/AN/A
G1461.541,8457296.091.185.0
H598.469,46920761.631.548.0
H1495.869,13713181.967.973.0
H21109.070,797110N/AN/AN/A
I478.049,95414758.935.053.0
I1376.047,58810177.566.775.0
I2184.057,05084N/AN/AN/A
J16239.8110,33253070.840.145.0
K3395.759,72041151.820.023.0
K11594.359,87716685.547.957.0
K2496.356,59712885.277.775.0
K3398.261,32211192.289.588.0
K4594.057,86510693.787.289.0
K5698.262,15414482.168.268.0
L13127.975,17724678.250.852.0
L13123.774,05013592.688.892.0
L29129.375,45617090.172.276.0
L31128.076,050126N/AN/AN/A
M3141.081,63620173.563.070.0
M12135.080,59313896.696.698.0
M21153.083,724152N/AN/AN/A
N769.142,88815264.145.645.0
O5124.270,65115190.683.382.0
P978.847,66815976.142.350.0
P1878.447,31312682.952.962.0
P2182.050,51382N/AN/AN/A
Q585.253,7559096.690.495.0
R4101.571,34811791.484.887.0
S2109.065,17211791.791.793.0
T366.742,8338386.182.580.0
  1. *

    Cluster Averaged Shared Phamilies.

  2. Cluster Associated Phamilies.

  3. Cluster Cohesion Index.

The discreteness of different clusters is highly varied

The heat map of genome comparisons (Figure 5) also illustrates the degrees to which clusters and subclusters share gene content, a reflection of cluster discreteness, or how isolated discrete clusters are from each other. For example, although the Cluster A phages are highly diverse, they also appear relatively isolated and share relatively few genes with other clusters (Figure 5). In contrast, phages in Cluster E share substantial numbers of genes with other clusters, including those in Clusters F, J, L, P, and several singletons. We have quantified these relationships with the Cluster Isolation Index (CII, the percentage of phams present within a cluster that are not present in other mycobacteriophage genomes), which demonstrates the considerable variation in isolation from phages of other clusters/subclusters (Table 1, Figure 6B). For example, at one extreme, 84.6% of Cluster C gene phamilies are found only in Cluster C and not elsewhere. At the other extreme, only 23.8% of Cluster I gene phamilies are constrained to that cluster, with the remainder having relatives present in genomes in other clusters. Other clusters form a spectrum of relationships between these extremes (Table 1, Figure 6B), and clusters such as I and P—which share recognizable DNA sequence similarity (Figure 2—figure supplement 1)—share >60% of their genes with other phages (low CII values; Table 1). Thus, although some clusters could be considered as discrete groups—as reported for the Synechococcus phages (Deng et al., 2014)—this is far from being a universal or characteristic feature of groups of related phages.

Cluster isolation analyses reveal additional complexities arising from highly mosaic genomes. For example, the singleton Dori is clearly related to Cluster B phages (Figure 3) with which it shares limited DNA similarity (Figure 2—figure supplement 2) with 20–26% of its genes (Figure 4—figure supplement 1), but also has nucleotide similarity and shares genes with Cluster N and I2 phages, among others (Figure 2—figure supplement 2, Figure 4—figure supplement 1), as reflected in its low CII (Table 1, Figure 6B). Likewise, the singleton MooMoo has segments of DNA similarity and shares ∼20% of its gene content (as determined by shared phams) with Cluster F phages (Figure 3, Figure 2—figure supplement 3, Figure 4—figure supplement 1), but also has similarity to Clusters N and I, as well as a low CII (Table 1, Figure 6B). It has low DNA similarity to Cluster O (Figure 2—figure supplement 3), but has several phams in common with the Cluster O phages, and has the same unusual prolate morphology (Figure 3). Complex relationships are also seen in the singletons Gaia and Sparky (Figure 4—figure supplement 2).

Taken together, the analyses of both cluster diversity and cluster isolation show that mycobacteriophage populations contain a continuum of diversity, with non-uniform abundance of different types of phages. The prevalence of isolated phages may not necessarily reflect the proportions of different types of phages in the environment, but the availability of a large collection of isolated phages enables capture and whole genome analysis of relatively rare phages that are critical to understanding the complexities of genome relationships. We recently reported genomic analysis of the singleton mycobacteriophage Patience, which has a substantially lower GC% than its host (50.3% vs 67.4%), has a different codon usage profile, but is undergoing codon selection for growth in a high GC% environment (Pope et al., 2014b). If there is a flux of phage genomes and genes entering the mycobacterial neighborhood, then we predict that the phages of a single host do not reflect a closed system with discrete populations, but one that is open with ever-expanding diversity.

The mycobacteriophage population is not a closed system

Both the huge diversity of phamilies in mycobacteriophages and the high frequency of orphams suggest that genes are constantly added to phage genomes from outside sources just as genes are added to the genomes of their bacterial hosts via horizontal gene transfer. Such gene influx—for example, from host-jumping phages such as Patience (Pope et al., 2014b)—would provide genetic novelty and enable phages to adapt to their ever-changing hosts. To examine gene flux into the mycobacteriophage population, we performed a rarefaction analysis by re-sampling the gene phamilies within the phage population (Figure 7). Remarkably, the rarefaction curves of the entire collection—including the 95% confidence limits—do not fit a hyperbola as would be expected if the mycobacteriophages were limited to an isolated set of genes, and about 2.5 new gene phamilies are predicted to be identified with each newly isolated phage (Figure 7A). Similar independent analyses on the phages of Cluster A or the phages of Cluster B show that this is also observed within these clusters (Figure 7B,C). Thus both individual clusters and the collection as a whole are not genetically fixed, but are in constant flux. While a hyperbola can model sampling of gene phamilies from a finite pool, it does not accommodate the influx of new phamilies. The addition of a linear term (see ‘Materials and methods’), representing the introduction of new phamilies from outside sources, results in a non-asymptotic curve which predicts the continual identification of new phams even after large numbers of genomes have been sampled (R > 0.999; Figure 7D). This linear term acts as a surrogate for the linear range of a second hyperbolic curve, one representing the resampling of a much larger set of gene phamilies available for introduction into mycobacteriophage genomes. Unfortunately, the current dataset remains insufficient to confidently extrapolate to give an estimate of the total number of viral protein families in the biosphere, which has been previously estimated to be anywhere between a half a million and 2 billion (Rohwer, 2003; Ignacio-Espinoza et al., 2013).

Rarefaction analysis of mycobacteriophage genomes.

(A) The numbers of phamilies are reported for between 1 and 627 phage genomes sampled at random without replacement; the mean of 10,000 iterations is shown in red; gray lines indicate a confidence interval of two standard deviations. The black line shows a hyperbolic curve fit to the data from phage counts 1 to 314. The inset shows the number of new phams encountered upon the inclusion of each phage, with the mean number for the 10,000 iterations shown in blue and the predicted value from the hyperbolic curve shown in black. (B) Rarefaction analysis of 232 Cluster A phages. The total numbers of phamilies are reported for between 1 and 232 phages sampled at random without replacement from Cluster A; the mean of 10,000 iterations is shown in red; gray lines indicate a confidence interval of two standard deviations. The black line shows a hyperbolic curve fit to the data from phage counts 1 to 117. The inset shows the number of new phams encountered upon the inclusion of each phage, with the mean number for 10,000 iterations shown in blue and the predicted value from the hyperbolic curve shown in black. (C) Rarefaction analysis of 108 Cluster B phages; the hyperbolic curve was fit to the data from phage counts 1 to 54. (D) Fits of the hyperbolic (Equation 1) and hyperbolic with linear (Equation 2) models for phamily identification within genome samples.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.023

We note that because of the generally slow pace of the advancement of phage genomics, we have little insight into the phage populations of other hosts. We retrieved all double-stranded DNA tailed phage genomes in GenBank that we could identify (a total of 1781), corresponding to about 120 host bacterial genera, with a median number of phages per host genus of two. Using similar parameters for pham building as described above, the 181,717 predicted genes assemble into 47,479 phamilies. The relatively low representation of each phamily (3.8 genes/phamily) compared to the mycobacteriophages (13.4 genes/phamily) is a further reflection of the gross under-sampling of the phage population as a whole.

Implications for bacteriophage taxonomy

Bacteriophage taxonomic classification reflecting phylogeny presents substantial challenges because of genome mosaicism (Lawrence et al., 2002). Classification by viral morphology is well established, but may not accurately reflect the genetic relationships, as illustrated for the prolate-headed MooMoo (Figure 3). We also note that the mycobacteriophage myoviruses have a high CII and form a discrete group (Table 1) as do the Synechococcus myophages (Deng et al., 2014), perhaps reflecting a virulent lifestyle that constrains productive gene exchange; T4-related phages from diverse hosts share a core set of 15–20% of their genes, and whole genome comparisons reveal extensive mosaicism (Petrov et al., 2010). Host range mutability thus may differ in phages with different morphotypes, limiting access to the gene pool, and although grouping phages into clusters and subclusters provides analytical advantages because of the wide range in prevalence of different phages (Table 1), it is not suitable as a broadly applicable hierarchical taxonomic system. The comparative analysis of these mycobacteriophages thus supports reticulate taxonomies that more accurately reflect the phylogenetic complexities (Lawrence et al., 2002; Lima-Mendez et al., 2007).

Implications for student learning through research experiences

A research experience can be a powerful vehicle that enables a person to gain an understanding of the process of science (Hunter et al., 2007). When the research experience occurs early and at a large scale, as described here, the focus can shift from selecting a few ‘qualified’ students to exploring the potential interests of many students. Clearly, an essential ingredient is the nature of the research project, as definitions of research may vary from an inquiry-based exercise to authentic research with the potential to contribute publishable findings. To optimize the educational benefits, the research project must be intellectually and technically accessible to beginning students (i.e., few prerequisites) and scalable so that many students can simultaneously make progress in parallel, yet independently (Hatfull et al., 2006). Importantly, each student's findings should contribute to a scientific question with integration of all students' discoveries advancing a scientific question of significance, as judged by scientific peer review. This, we believe, defines an ‘authentic’ research experience. We note that in the SEA-PHAGES platform, substantial student effort is invested in arriving at high-quality genome annotations by close manual inspection followed by expert verification, a critical component of the detailed comparative analysis of phage gene content described here.

Concluding comments

Bacteriophage genomics has progressed relatively slowly compared to that of other microbes in spite of their relatively small genome sizes. Here we have demonstrated that programmatically integrating the research and education missions at large scale provides an effective solution to expanding our knowledge of viral diversity, with a multitude of insights gained as a consequence of the scale of phage discovery. The nature of different genomic types, the variations of the diversity both within clusters and shared genome content among clusters, and the expanse of the mycobacteriophage population can be viewed at an unprecedented level of resolution. Our conclusions align well with comparative analyses of phages of Enterobacteriacea (Grose and Casjens, 2014) and Bacillus spp. (Grose et al., 2014) and we predict that these are general parameters of bacteriophage diversity, at least when sampling broadly across the environment. Both the rarefaction analysis described here and preliminary analysis of phamilies of all sequenced DNA phages illustrate how little of the global phage population has been genomically sampled. With a near endless supply of diverse viruses readily accessible for isolation and analyses, integrated research/education programs will continue to play substantial roles in defining the nature of the virosphere.

Materials and methods

Phages and genomes

In addition to extant GenBank sequence information, mycobacteriophages were isolated, sequenced, and annotated in the Phage Hunters Integrating Research and Education (PHIRE) or SEA-PHAGES programs. Phage genomes were shotgun sequenced using either 454, Ion Torrent, or Illumina platforms to at least 20-fold coverage. Shotgun reads were assembled de novo with Newbler versions 2.1 to 2.9. Assemblies were checked for low coverage or discrepant areas, and targeted Sanger reads were used to resolve weak areas and identify genome ends. All genome sequences are publically available at phagesDB.org or in GenBank. Nucleotide comparisons used BLASTN or Gepard (Krumsiek et al., 2007).

Database construction

To create Phamerator database Mykobacteriophage_627, phamilies were constructed by first clustering the entire database of 69,574 genes using strict kClust parameters (70% clustering threshold and 0.25 alignment coverage of the longer sequence). This was followed by multiple sequence alignment of each preliminary cluster using Kalign (Lassmann and Sonnhammer, 2005). Consensus sequences were then extracted using HHmake and HHconsensus (Remmert et al., 2012). The resulting list of sequences was subjected to a second—and less strict—round of clustering via kClust (30% clustering threshold and 0.5 alignment coverage of the longer sequence) to obtain the final phamily assignments.

Network phylogeny constructions were made using the NeighborNet function with default parameters in SplitsTree (Huson, 1998; Huson and Bryant, 2006).

Cluster diversity and isolation indices

Four parameters were used to evaluate cluster diversity. The first is the CLASP index that calculates the percentage of phamilies shared between two genomes, then averages across all possible pairs within a cluster or subcluster. Because the pairwise similarities are averaged, CLASP is relatively insensitive to either the overall size of the cluster, or the heterogeneity of its diversity (such as in Cluster C in which of the 45 genomes in total, 44 are in Cluster C1, and only one is in Cluster C2). CLASP robustness with respect to cluster size was demonstrated through a resampling analysis. For each cluster with more than 30 members, a random subset (of 5, 10, 20, or 30 genomes) was selected and CLASP was calculated. For each sample size, 20 iterations were performed with replacement. As expected, there is substantial deviation among the iterations, especially at smaller sizes. However, there is little change in the average CLASP values with different sample sizes (Figure 4—figure supplement 1), showing that cluster size is not a primary driver of diversity. The resampling analyses also suggest that while a greater number of genomes helps refine the CLASP value, there is still predictive power when only 10 genomes are compared. On average, the maximum and minimum iteration values at a sample size of 10 genomes were within 8% of the whole-cluster CLASP value. This implies that, for example, increasing Cluster D from 10 to 50 or 100 genomes may raise or lower its current CLASP value of 88.1, but that value is likely to remain between ∼80 and ∼96.

The second measure used is the CAP, which is calculated as the number of phamilies present in all genomes within a cluster divided by the average number of phamilies per genome. These cluster-conserved genes could correspond to core genes that define a particular phage group such as cluster or subcluster. However, for those clusters with sufficient diversity to detect such core genes, these values are low. For example, among the 66 Cluster F genomes, only five phamilies are present in all genomes. None are virion structural genes, one is a glycosyltransferase whose role is unknown, one is a putative regulator, and the others are small proteins of unknown function. For the Cluster A genomes, 11 phamilies are conserved, seven of which are virion structural proteins, three are involved in DNA metabolism (DNA Pol, Helicase, Rec-Like protein), and one is of unknown function.

The third parameter is the Cluster Phamily Variation (CPV) index, which is the proportion of phams that are not present in all members of the cluster. CAP and CPV are inversely related but imperfectly as CPV varies with cluster size even among similarly diverse clusters; a plot of CAP values against CPV values is shown in Figure 6—figure supplement 2.

The CCI is calculated as the average number of genes per genome as a percentage of the total number of phams in that cluster. Thus if all genomes in a cluster are identical (and if phamilies occur only once in a genome), CCI would be 100; the CCI for two sets of five randomly chosen genomes is ∼2. CCI values correlate with cluster size, but similarly sized clusters as such G, J, and L, or E and K have substantially different CCI values (Table 1).

The CII is the percentage of phams present within a cluster that are not present in other mycobacteriophage genomes.

Rarefaction analysis

Rarefaction analysis was performed by randomly selecting subsets (without replacement) of between 1 and 627 (all), 232 (Cluster A) or 108 (Cluster B) mycobacteriophages and determining the numbers of phamilies represented. This was repeated 10,000 times to generate a mean number of phamilies observed given a number of phage genomes selected. The means of the accumulated numbers of phams and the numbers of new phages identified are plotted as the function of the number of genomes selected at random. The observed numbers were fit to a hyperbolic function for 50% of the sample (i.e., 1 to 314, 116 or 54 genomes for all, Cluster A or Cluster B phages, respectively); Hanes-Woolf regression was used to estimate PhamMax and Km of the hyperbola:

(1) NPhams=PhamMax×NGenomesKm+NGenomes,

where NGenomes is the number of genomes sampled, NPhams is the number of total phams seen within those genomes, PhamMax is the total number of phams among all mycobacteriophage genomes, and Km is the number of genomes required to sample one half of PhamMax.

The lack of fit of the observed data to the hyperbola—with the observed data reflecting infinite size—suggests that the overall population is dynamic. The lack of hyperbolic fit of the data does not result from outliers such as phages with highly deviant GC%, because removing these does not improve the fit. The fit is also not substantially improved by analysis of the two largest clusters, Cluster A and Cluster B (Figure 7), suggesting that the dynamic nature of the gene pool is not an artifact of examining independent phage clusters with separate gene pools.

To model this behavior, we modified Equation 1 to include the introduction of novel phams via recombination with outside, non-mycobacteriophage genomes:

(2) NPhams=NGenomes×CPhage+PhamMax×NGenomesKm+NGenomes,

where CPhage is the number of outside phams seen in each phage. The value of CPhage was estimated from Figure 7B and new values for PhamMax and KPham were estimated by Hanes-Woolf regression following data normalization.

References

  1. 1
  2. 2
    Bacteria-virus coevolution
    1. A Buckling
    2. M Brockhurst
    (2012)
    Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 751:347–370.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3567-9_16
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17
  18. 18
  19. 19
  20. 20
  21. 21
  22. 22
  23. 23
  24. 24
  25. 25
  26. 26
  27. 27
  28. 28
  29. 29
  30. 30
  31. 31
  32. 32
  33. 33
  34. 34
  35. 35
    Propionibacterium acnes bacteriophages display limited genetic diversity and broad killing activity against bacterial skin isolates
    1. LJ Marinelli
    2. S Fitz-Gibbon
    3. C Hayes
    4. C Bowman
    5. M Inkeles
    6. A Loncaric
    7. DA Russell
    8. D Jacobs-Sera
    9. S Cokus
    10. M Pellegrini
    11. J Kim
    12. JF Miller
    13. GF Hatfull
    14. RL Modlin
    (2012)
    mBio, 3, 10.1128/mBio.00279-12.
  36. 36
  37. 37
    Executive Office of the President
    1. PCAST, PsCoSaT
    (2012)
    Executive Office of the President, Washington, DC.
  38. 38
  39. 39
  40. 40
  41. 41
  42. 42
  43. 43
    Expanding the diversity of mycobacteriophages: insights into genome architecture and evolution
    1. WH Pope
    2. D Jacobs-Sera
    3. DA Russell
    4. CL Peebles
    5. Z Al-Atrache
    6. TA Alcoser
    7. LM Alexander
    8. MB Alfano
    9. ST Alford
    10. NE Amy
    11. MD Anderson
    12. AG Anderson
    13. AAS Ang
    14. M Ares Jr
    15. AJ Barber
    16. LP Barker
    17. JM Barrett
    18. WD Barshop
    19. CM Bauerle
    20. IM Bayles
    21. KL Belfield
    22. AA Best
    23. A Borjon Jr
    24. CA Bowman
    25. CA Boyer
    26. KW Bradley
    27. VA Bradley
    28. LN Broadway
    29. K Budwal
    30. KN Busby
    31. IW Campbell
    32. AM Campbell
    33. A Carey
    34. SM Caruso
    35. RD Chew
    36. CL Cockburn
    37. LB Cohen
    38. JM Corajod
    39. SG Cresawn
    40. KR Davis
    41. L Deng
    42. DR Denver
    43. BR Dixon
    44. S Ekram
    45. SCR Elgin
    46. AE Engelsen
    47. BEV English
    48. ML Erb
    49. C Estrada
    50. LZ Filliger
    51. AM Findley
    52. L Forbes
    53. MH Forsyth
    54. TM Fox
    55. MJ Fritz
    56. R Garcia
    57. ZD George
    58. AE Georges
    59. CR Gissendanner
    60. S Goff
    61. R Goldstein
    62. KC Gordon
    63. RD Green
    64. SL Guerra
    65. KR Guiney-Olsen
    66. BG Guiza
    67. L Haghighat
    68. GV Hagopian
    69. CJ Harmon
    70. JS Harmson
    71. GA Hartzog
    72. SE Harvey
    73. S He
    74. KJ He
    75. KE Healy
    76. ER Higinbotham
    77. EN Hildebrandt
    78. JH Ho
    79. GM Hogan
    80. VG Hohenstein
    81. NA Holz
    82. VJ Huang
    83. EL Hufford
    84. PM Hynes
    85. AS Jackson
    86. EC Jansen
    87. J Jarvik
    88. PG Jasinto
    89. TC Jordan
    90. T Kasza
    91. MA Katelyn
    92. JS Kelsey
    93. LA Kerrigan
    94. D Khaw
    95. J Kim
    96. JZ Knutter
    97. CC Ko
    98. GV Larkin
    99. JR Laroche
    100. A Latif
    101. KD Leuba
    102. SI Leuba
    103. LO Lewis
    104. KE Loesser-Casey
    105. CA Long
    106. AJ Lopez
    107. N Lowery
    108. TQ Lu
    109. V Mac
    110. IR Masters
    111. JJ McCloud
    112. MJ McDonough
    113. AJ Medenbach
    114. A Menon
    115. R Miller
    116. BK Morgan
    117. PC Ng
    118. E Nguyen
    119. KT Nguyen
    120. ET Nguyen
    121. KM Nicholson
    122. LA Parnell
    123. CE Peirce
    124. AM Perz
    125. LJ Peterson
    126. RE Pferdehirt
    127. SV Philip
    128. K Pogliano
    129. J Pogliano
    130. T Polley
    131. EJ Puopolo
    132. HS Rabinowitz
    133. MJ Resiss
    134. CN Rhyan
    135. YM Robinson
    136. LL Rodriguez
    137. AC Rose
    138. JD Rubin
    139. JA Ruby
    140. MS Saha
    141. JW Sandoz
    142. J Savitskaya
    143. DJ Schipper
    144. CE Schnitzler
    145. AR Schott
    146. JB Segal
    147. CD Shaffer
    148. KE Sheldon
    149. EM Shepard
    150. JW Shepardson
    151. MK Shroff
    152. JM Simmons
    153. EF Simms
    154. BM Simpson
    155. KM Sinclair
    156. RL Sjoholm
    157. IJ Slette
    158. BC Spaulding
    159. CL Straub
    160. J Stukey
    161. T Sughrue
    162. TY Tang
    163. LM Tatyana
    164. SB Taylor
    165. BJ Taylor
    166. LM Temple
    167. JV Thompson
    168. MP Tokarz
    169. SE Trapani
    170. AP Troum
    171. J Tsay
    172. AT Tubbs
    173. JM Walton
    174. DH Wang
    175. H Wang
    176. JR Warner
    177. EG Weisser
    178. SC Wendler
    179. KA Weston-Hafer
    180. HM Whelan
    181. KE Williamson
    182. AN Willis
    183. HS Wirtshafter
    184. TW Wong
    185. P Wu
    186. YJ Yang
    187. BC Yee
    188. DA Zaidins
    189. B Zhang
    190. MY Zúniga
    191. RW Hendrix
    192. GF Hatfull
    (2011b)
    PLOS ONE 6:e16329.
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016329
  44. 44
  45. 45
  46. 46
  47. 47
  48. 48

Decision letter

  1. Roberto Kolter
    Reviewing Editor; Harvard Medical School, United States

eLife posts the editorial decision letter and author response on a selection of the published articles (subject to the approval of the authors). An edited version of the letter sent to the authors after peer review is shown, indicating the substantive concerns or comments; minor concerns are not usually shown. Reviewers have the opportunity to discuss the decision before the letter is sent (see review process). Similarly, the author response typically shows only responses to the major concerns raised by the reviewers.

Thank you for sending your work entitled “Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity” for consideration at eLife. Your article has been favorably evaluated by Richard Losick (Senior editor) and three reviewers, one of whom, Roberto Kolter, is a member of our Board of Reviewing Editors.

The Reviewing editor and the other reviewers discussed their comments before we reached this decision, and the Reviewing editor has assembled the following comments to help you prepare a revised submission.

We all felt that the manuscript has two important merits. First, this represents the first large scale phage genome sequencing effort of a collection of phages that infect a single host. The biological insights are important in that the genetic diversity extant in these 600+ genomes is seen as a continuum indicative of an active coming and going of genes within the large number of phages that can infect an individual host. Despite the remarkable diversity, it was possible to cluster the phage genomes and begin to approach a phage phylogeny, albeit a reticulate (networked) one rather than a straightforward branched one. Second, this work is the result of research largely carried out by college freshmen assembled in a structured yet geographically scattered science education program. This serves as an important example of how to carry out scientific research where students have a sense of ownership of the work.

However, we all felt that there were some issues that will have to be addressed in a revision:

1) The writing of the manuscript has two “personalities”. All of the descriptions of the educational aspects/benefits of the work were wonderfully written and could be followed with utmost ease due to the clarity of the written style. In contrast, the “comparative genomics” aspect of the manuscript was too littered with jargon and lack of rigor in defining terms that it made it quite difficult to follow for those not deeply steeped in the field. Thus, we would urge the senior author to take a “major overhaul” approach and thoroughly re-write the comparative genomics sections to make them as accessible to a broad scientific audience as the educational sections.

2) In the manuscript, the genomic data are presented, but in the webpage there are also images of each one of the bacteriophages, this information is valuable and should also be mentioned in this manuscript in order to inform the reader about the scope of the study.

3) Given the transcendence of the findings it is necessary that the authors provide detailed methods about the sequencing assembly process. The architecture of phage genomes and the mosaicism are features that could be influenced by the read assembly methods, for example de novo versus mapping.

4) One general disappointment was that no effort was made to identify and discuss the functions of protein families. With all these students working on these phages, it should be possible to identify many functions for families and also identify which families are associated with each other. While we are not asking for additional direct experimentation, some discussion as to possible function or routes to identifying such functions would be welcome.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.027

Author response

1) The writing of the manuscript has two “personalities”. All of the descriptions of the educational aspects/benefits of the work were wonderfully written and could be followed with utmost ease due to the clarity of the written style. In contrast, the “comparative genomics” aspect of the manuscript was too littered with jargon and lack of rigor in defining terms that it made it quite difficult to follow for those not deeply steeped in the field. Thus, we would urge the senior author to take a “major overhaul” approach and thoroughly re-write the comparative genomics sections to make them as accessible to a broad scientific audience as the educational sections.

We recognize some of the issues that might have given rise to some lack of clarity, especially in the Introduction, in regard to the comparative genomics. Especially in the use of terms such as ‘cluster’, ‘population’, ‘group’, ‘type’, etc. We have revised the Abstract and Introduction with a major overhaul, and we think the revised version is much improved.

2) In the manuscript, the genomic data are presented, but in the webpage there are also images of each one of the bacteriophages, this information is valuable and should also be mentioned in this manuscript in order to inform the reader about the scope of the study.

We have included commentary on phage morphologies.

3) Given the transcendence of the findings it is necessary that the authors provide detailed methods about the sequencing assembly process. The architecture of phage genomes and the mosaicism are features that could be influenced by the read assembly methods, for example de novo versus mapping.

Details of sequencing methodologies are included in the Methods. Most importantly perhaps, all genomes are de novo assembled, and not scaffolded.

4) One general disappointment was that no effort was made to identify and discuss the functions of protein families. With all these students working on these phages, it should be possible to identify many functions for families and also identify which families are associated with each other. While we are not asking for additional direct experimentation, some discussion as to possible function or routes to identifying such functions would be welcome.

The manuscript deliberately focuses on specific aspects of the mycobacteriophage phage population as viewed through comparative genomics, coupled with the science education context with which these data are generated. Of course we have predicted numerous phage gene functions, much of which is done by student annotators. Providing a detailed description of this is simply way beyond the scope of this paper. We have, however, included a general comment about gene functions, and the high proportion of genes of unknown function.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06416.028

Article and author information

Author details

  1. Welkin H Pope

    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    Contribution
    WHP, Conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting or revising the article, Contributed unpublished essential data or reagents
    Contributed equally with
    Charles A Bowman and Daniel A Russell
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  2. Charles A Bowman

    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    Contribution
    CAB, Conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting or revising the article
    Contributed equally with
    Welkin H Pope and Daniel A Russell
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  3. Daniel A Russell

    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    Contribution
    DAR, Conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting or revising the article
    Contributed equally with
    Welkin H Pope and Charles A Bowman
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  4. Deborah Jacobs-Sera

    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    Contribution
    DJ-S, Conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting or revising the article, Contributed unpublished essential data or reagents
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  5. David J Asai

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, United States
    Contribution
    DJA, Conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting or revising the article
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  6. Steven G Cresawn

    Department of Biology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, United States
    Contribution
    SGC, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Contributed unpublished essential data or reagents
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  7. William R Jacobs Jr

    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, United States
    Contribution
    WRJ, Conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting or revising the article
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  8. Roger W Hendrix

    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    Contribution
    RWH, Conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting or revising the article
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  9. Jeffrey G Lawrence

    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    Contribution
    JGL, Conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting or revising the article
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  10. Graham F Hatfull

    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    Contribution
    GFH, Conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting or revising the article
    For correspondence
    gfh@pitt.edu
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  11. Science Education Alliance Phage Hunters Advancing Genomics and Evolutionary Science

    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    1. Patrick Abbazia, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    2. Kristia Abernathy, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    3. Andrew Abesamis, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    4. Syed Amaan Abidi, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    5. Mamon Abrahim, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    6. Colton Abrams, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    7. Alecia Achimovich, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    8. Brandon Ackerman, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    9. Jonuelle Acosta, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    10. Luis A Actis, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    11. Tamarah L Adair, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    12. Jaime Adame, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    13. Sandra D Adams, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    14. Jefferson Adams, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    15. Kenyeda B Adams, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    16. Rashidat F Adekunle, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    17. Christianah Ademuwagun, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    18. Eric J Adjei-Danquah, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    19. Nancy Adkins, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    20. Sheetal Agarwal, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    21. Riddhima Agarwal, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    22. Geovar Agbayani, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    23. Robert Agee, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    24. Sahil Aggarwal, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    25. Temitayo Agoro, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    26. Carmen Aguirre, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    27. Rachael Ahler, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    28. Salman Ahmad, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    29. Amiya Ahmed, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    30. Michelle Ahn, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    31. Stephen Aiken, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    32. Kara Aittama, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    33. Bisma Ahmed Ajaz, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    34. Alexandra Akins, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    35. Bukola Akintayo, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    36. Felix Akojie, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    37. Zein Al-Atrache, Biological Sciences, University of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, United States
    38. Ola-Oluwakiti Alabi, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    39. Olamide Alakija, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    40. Nitheesha Alapati, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    41. Christian Alba, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    42. Patrick Albertolle, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    43. Pedro Alejandro Ajsivinac, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    44. Cindy Alexander, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    45. Lisa M Alexander, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    46. Rush Alexander, Natural Sciences, University of Houston-Downtown, Houston, United States
    47. Stephen Aley, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    48. Andrea Alfonso, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    49. Rebecca F Alford, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    50. Sarah Ali, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    51. Raul Alicea-Cabrera, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    52. Malak Alkanani, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    53. Dwa'a Alkhalaf, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    54. Brandon J Allen, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    55. Elizabeth A Allen, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    56. Elizabeth Allen, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    57. Venkata Alluri, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    58. Fernanda Alonzo, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    59. Erika Alvarado, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    60. Dymaries Alvarado-Vega, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    61. Amanda Alvelo-Aviles, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    62. Maria Alvisi, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    63. Kimberly Amick, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    64. Kimber M Amweg, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    65. Kirk R Anders, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    66. Alexander G Anderson, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    67. Alison Anderson, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    68. Kelly Anderson, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    69. Michael Anderson, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    70. Joseph Anderson, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    71. Kathryn M Anderson, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    72. Patrick Anderson, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    73. Sonya L Anderson, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    74. Joshua Andle, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    75. Nicole Anguiano, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    76. Nicolas Antis, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    77. Abigail Antoine, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    78. Tessa Anton, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    79. Ashley Anway, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    80. Callie Anyan, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    81. Juan Apiz-Saab, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    82. Javier Apodaca, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    83. Robert Appleyard, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    84. Saba Aqel, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    85. Marianne Arakelyan, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    86. Jobi Arceneaux, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    87. Jordan Archer, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    88. Kathleen Archer, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    89. Nelish S Ardeshna, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    90. Luke T Arduino, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    91. Manuel Ares Jr, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    92. Lissenya B Argueta, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    93. Taylor Arhar, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    94. Jessica Arighi, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    95. Abigail JS Armstrong, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    96. Najealicka Armstrong, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    97. Chanarion Arnold, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    98. Eric Arnold, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    99. Kristin Arnold, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    100. Rachel Aron, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    101. Nikita Arora, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    102. Catlin Arrington, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    103. Lynda Asadourian, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    104. Kathyrn Asalone, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    105. Anthony Ascolillo, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    106. Jessica Ashcraft, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    107. Brandon D Ashley, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    108. Carmela Asinas, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    109. Christopher C Asuzu, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    110. Aliza Auces, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    111. Robin Audette, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    112. Matthew Aultman, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    113. Quenten Austin, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    114. Nicanor Austriaco, Providence College, Providence, United States
    115. Michelle Averkiou, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    116. Taara Avery, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    117. Izma Aviles, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    118. Anamaris Aviles-Rivera, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    119. Lauren Awdziejczyk, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    120. Froogh Aziz, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    121. Rahat Aziz, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    122. Grace Babbs, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    123. Nikhil Babu, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    124. Stevie Bach, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    125. Megan Bachman, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    126. Tasha D Baer, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    127. Joanna Bagienska, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    128. Dadde Bah, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    129. Hana Baig, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    130. Andrew Bailey, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    131. Ryan Bailey, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    132. Paul Baker, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    133. Mitchell F Balish, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    134. Sarah Ball, Center for Life Science Education, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    135. Ellee Banaszak, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    136. Sophie Bandurski, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    137. Debarko Banerji, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    138. Laura Banken, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    139. Brittany Banks, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    140. William J Banning, Biology, Hampden-Sydney College, Farmville, United States
    141. Chen Bao, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    142. W Bradley Barbazuk, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    143. Nastassia R Barber, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    144. Joshua R Barber, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    145. Jessica Barber, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    146. Rafi Bari, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    147. Lucia Barker, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, United States
    148. Alexis Barna, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    149. Emily Barner, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    150. Ryan Barnes, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    151. Brooke H Barnhart, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    152. Stephanie N Barr, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    153. Alessandra L Barrera, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    154. Anne Barron, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    155. William D Barshop, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    156. Nicole Bartels, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    157. Kristi Bartholomay, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    158. Azhar Bashir, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    159. Kimberly Bastille, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    160. Steven Bateh, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    161. Tyler Bates, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    162. Neha Batra, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    163. Megan Batty, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    164. Rebecca Baudin, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    165. Victor Bauer, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    166. Cynthia Bauerle, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    167. Ian M Bayles, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    168. Aaron Beach, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    169. Gwendolyn Beacham, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    170. Lorenzo Bean, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    171. Shannon Beaty, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    172. Torri Beaudoin, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    173. Darius D Becker-Krail, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    174. Madison Beckman, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    175. Christina Beckwith, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    176. Blake Beehler, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    177. Bethany Beekly, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    178. Alissa Behl, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    179. Katherine Belfield, Biological Sciences, University of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, United States
    180. Campbell Belisle Haley, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    181. Abbey Bell, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    182. Bianca Bell, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    183. Devyn Bell, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    184. Mecca Bell, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    185. Trevene Bell, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    186. Adriano Bellotti, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    187. Ryan Benczik, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    188. Robert C Benjamin, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    189. Pilgrim Benjamin, Natural Sciences, University of Houston-Downtown, Houston, United States
    190. Elizabeth Benner, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    191. Rebecca Benoit, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    192. Nicholas Bense, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    193. Brandon Bensel, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    194. Gabrielle Benson, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    195. Hannah Bergh, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    196. Rebecca E Berk, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    197. Charlotte Berkes, Biology, Merrimack College, North Andover, United States
    198. Janella Bermudez, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    199. Joshua Bernal, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    200. Daniel Bernal, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    201. Thomas J Bernardo, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    202. Anthony Bernicchi, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    203. Molly Berning, Providence College, Providence, United States
    204. Jose Efrain Berrios-Lopez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    205. Luis Berrios-Pagan, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    206. Johanna Berrios-Ruiz, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    207. Hannah Berry, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    208. Hannah Berry, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    209. Kara Beseler, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    210. Aaron A Best, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    211. Reba R Best, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    212. Nicolette Bestul, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    213. Victoria Betancourt, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    214. Andres Betancourt-Torres, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    215. Rudolf Beutner, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    216. Yachana Bhakta, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    217. Nazia Bhatti, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    218. Sonam B Bhimbra, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    219. Swapan Bhuiyan, Biology, University of North Texas and University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    220. Tiffany Bibeau, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    221. Mary Anthonette Binongcal, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    222. Monica Binsol, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    223. Miles Black, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    224. William Blaine, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    225. Cole Blair, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    226. Peter Blair, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    227. Aaron Blake, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    228. Samantha Blake, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    229. Bradley Blankenship, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    230. Michelle Blemker, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    231. Kathleen Blevins, Biological Sciences, University of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, United States
    232. Lawrence Blumer, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    233. Katherine Boas, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    234. Jon Lucas Boatwright, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    235. Brittany H Bodnar, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    236. Molly Bogolin, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    237. Alan Bohn, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    238. Anthony Bohner, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    239. Amy Bohner, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    240. Cayla Boisseranc, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    241. Dave Bollivar, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    242. Logan Bond, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    243. J Alfred Bonilla, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    244. James Bonner, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    245. Daniel Bonnette, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    246. Ashley Boone, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    247. Kyle Boone, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    248. Amanda Boozalis, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    249. Jaclyn Ann Boozalis, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    250. Elyse Borchik, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    251. Brooke Borgert, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    252. Kim M Borges, Arts and Sciences Division, University of Maine, Fort Kent, Fort Kent, United States
    253. Denisse Borja, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    254. Julia Boroday, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    255. Dajana Borova, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    256. Mary Borque, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    257. Valerie Bostrom, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    258. Mara Bottomley, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    259. James Bowen, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    260. Ian N Boys, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    261. Kevin Bradley, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, United States
    262. Kosi Bradley, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    263. Jace Bradshaw, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    264. Judd Bragg, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    265. Kaitlyn Brahm, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    266. Veronica E Brandley, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    267. Andrew Brannan, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    268. Clinton Branton, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    269. Clayton Branton, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    270. Caitlyn B Brashears, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    271. Sara Bratsch, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    272. Edward L Braun, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    273. Mary A Braun, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    274. Gabriel Brautman, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    275. Donald P Breakwell, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    276. Mackenzie Bredereck, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    277. Lisa Brehove, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    278. Caroline Breitenberger, Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    279. Jason Breithaupt, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    280. Joseph Bretzmann, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    281. Levi Brewer, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    282. Jerald S Bricker, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    283. Valerie C Briell, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    284. Alicia K Brighton, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    285. Kirsten Brink, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    286. Lauren Broadway, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    287. John W Brooker, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    288. Mia Broughton, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    289. Abigail Brown, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    290. Ariel Brown, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    291. Bryony Brown, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    292. Emma Brown, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    293. Gerald Brown, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    294. Heather Brown, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    295. Janaye Brown, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    296. Melissa Brown, Providence College, Providence, United States
    297. Hilary A Brownstead, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    298. Claire Brownstone, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    299. Regina Bruce, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    300. Amy Bruckbauer, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    301. Laura Brumbaugh, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    302. Sarah Brusko, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    303. Anthony Brusnahan, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    304. Christian Brutofsky, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    305. Wesley Bryan, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    306. Hanna Bryant, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    307. Sarah Bryant, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    308. Ryann M Brzoska, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    309. Harman Bual, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    310. Blake Buchanan, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    311. Ciara Buechner, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    312. Daniel J Buhalo, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    313. Taylor Buhr, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    314. Duy Xuan Bui, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    315. Mary Bulfin, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    316. Sarah Bunker, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    317. Mary Burak, Providence College, Providence, United States
    318. Sarah Burdette, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    319. Elizabeth Burger, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    320. Aaron Burghgraef, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    321. Kyle Burghgraef, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    322. Kevin Burke, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    323. Victoria Burkhead, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    324. Tate Burkholder, Biotechnology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, United States
    325. Andrew Burlingame, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    326. Sandra H Burnett, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    327. Angela Burr, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    328. Derek Burton, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    329. Tiffany Burton, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    330. Mathew Bushey, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    331. Kristina Busser, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    332. Nicholas Bussian, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    333. Maude Bute, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    334. Kristen A Butela, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    335. Mandy Butler, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    336. Dominique Bynum-Cooper, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    337. Meghan Byrne, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    338. Deanna Byrnes, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    339. Cristina Cabrera-Mino, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    340. Carla Caceres-Velazquez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    341. Jacqueline Caelwarts, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    342. Grace Cain, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    343. Mario Caldararo, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    344. Darcie J Caldwell, Biology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, United States
    345. Tomika S Caldwell, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    346. Czarina Calicdan, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    347. Christopher M Caliva, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    348. Caitlin J Callaghan, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    349. Brennan Calley, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    350. William Eamon Callison, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    351. Lee Calvert, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    352. Javier Camacho, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    353. Amanda Campbell, Biotechnology, Southern Maine Community College, South Portland, United States
    354. Warren Campbell, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    355. Ian W Campbell, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    356. Joshua L Campbell, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    357. Laura Campbell, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    358. Ross Campbell, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    359. Julie Anne Canter, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    360. Nico Carbone, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    361. Erick Cardona-Portalatin, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    362. Andrew Cardwell, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    363. Lydia Carlin, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    364. Emily Carlisi, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    365. Kristen Carlisle, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    366. Alexander Carlson, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    367. Courtney Carlstrom, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    368. Elizabeth Carpenter, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    369. James Carpino, Biology, CUNY, Queens College, Queens, United States
    370. Katherine Carr, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    371. Sophia Carroll, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    372. Connor Carry, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    373. Susan Carson, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    374. Jennifer Carter, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    375. Leah Carter, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    376. Lucas Carter, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    377. Morgan Carter, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    378. Steven M Caruso, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, United States
    379. Sarah Carzo, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    380. Danielle Cascione, Providence College, Providence, United States
    381. Tarrin Casey, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    382. Marliz Casiano-Real, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    383. Tyler Caskin, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    384. Colleen Cassidy, Providence College, Providence, United States
    385. James Cassoday, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    386. Paulina Castillo, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    387. Byron Castillo Silva, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    388. Anna Casto-Markosky, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    389. Erinleigh Caughron, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    390. Heather Caulkins, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    391. Mitchel D Cavallarin, Biology, Hampden-Sydney College, Farmville, United States
    392. William Cavedon, Providence College, Providence, United States
    393. Elymae Cedeno Garcia, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    394. Francisco Cerda, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    395. Nicco Cerda, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    396. Logan Cerkovnik, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    397. Jasiel Cervantes, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    398. Juan Cervantes, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    399. James Cescon, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    400. Priya Chakrabarti, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    401. Sanjeev Chalissery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    402. Molly Chamberlin, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    403. Codee Champney, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    404. Dong Woo Chang, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    405. Jee Yoon Chang, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    406. Michelle Chang, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    407. Ana Chaparro, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    408. Joshua Chappell, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    409. Reed Charlop, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    410. Anna Chase, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    411. Wrik Chatterjee, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    412. Kevin Chavez, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    413. Vivian Chavez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    414. Alexandra Chen, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    415. Annie Chen, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    416. Xiaozhu Chen, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    417. Yue Ting Chen, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    418. Xi Chen, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    419. Jason Chia-Sheng Cheng, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    420. Alison A Chesky, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    421. Lashanda Cheston, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    422. Mahathee Meenakshi Chetlapalli, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    423. Darren Chew, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    424. Behroz Khushrav Chhor, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    425. Caitlyn M Chilinski, Biology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, United States
    426. Pawan Chitta, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    427. Ariel W Cho, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    428. Leela D Chockalingam, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    429. Jeremy Chou, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    430. Tiffany Chow, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    431. Jordan Church, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    432. Richard Churchill, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    433. Bryce Churilla, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    434. Eric Ciardiello, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, United States
    435. Bryan Ciccarello, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    436. Varun Cidambi, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    437. Amy Cimo, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    438. Cassie Clark, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    439. Matthew Clark, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    440. Zachary Clark, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    441. Kari L Clase, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    442. Barbara Clement, Doane College, Crete, United States
    443. Dylan Clevenger, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    444. Tiffany Clinton, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    445. Benjamin J Cody, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    446. Rainna Coelho, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    447. Sarah Coffee, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    448. Gayle Coggins, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    449. Kali Coghlan, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    450. Karen Cohen, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    451. Lianne B Cohen, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    452. Joanna Katherine Claire Coker, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    453. Tiffany Colburn, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    454. Allison Cole, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    455. Kris Cole, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    456. Arlixer Coleman, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    457. Maggie Colicchio, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    458. Eric Collin, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    459. Carol M Collins, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    460. Joseph M Collins, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    461. Justin Collins, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    462. Theresa Collins, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    463. Kimberly Colombini, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    464. Jennifer Colquhoun, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    465. Jessica E Colunga, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    466. Kevin Colvin, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    467. Ronald Comeaux, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    468. Brian Conahan, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    469. Destinee Cone, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    470. Erik Cone, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    471. Robert Connolly, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    472. Ashley Connors, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    473. Sandra Connors, Biotechnology, Southern Maine Community College, South Portland, United States
    474. Paul Consiglio, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    475. Kathrina Consing, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    476. Daniel Conti, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    477. Troy Coody, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    478. Stephanie Cook, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    479. Jamika Cookson, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    480. Charles Coomer, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    481. Crystal Cooper, Marine Science, Southern Maine Community College, South Portland, United States
    482. Jacob Cooper, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    483. Cianna E Corbacio, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    484. Gabriel Cordero-Bernard, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    485. Sarah Corley, Providence College, Providence, United States
    486. Kathleen Cornely, Providence College, Providence, United States
    487. Eduardo Correa, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    488. Earl Cosby, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    489. Michael Costello, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    490. Catherine Cota, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, United States
    491. Idalid Cotto-Berríos, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    492. Alexis Cotto-Rosario, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    493. Mariele Courtois, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    494. Ashley Cox, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    495. Michelle Cox, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    496. Madeline Cox, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    497. Elizabeth Craig, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    498. Lara Crawford, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    499. Michael Crawford, Biological Sciences, University of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, United States
    500. Cheryl Creed, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    501. Victor A Crespo-Vega, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    502. Charlotte Cronenweth, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    503. Trevor Cross, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    504. Cody Crossley, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    505. Luis Cruz-Garcia, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    506. Daniel Cui Zhou, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    507. Ryan Cullen, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    508. Nicole Cullen, Providence College, Providence, United States
    509. Andrew Cullett, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    510. Samantha Culpepper, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    511. John Culver, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    512. Nico Cunanan, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    513. Christina Cunha, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    514. Richard Cunningham, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    515. Taylor Cunningham, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    516. Michael Cuoco, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    517. Chiara P Curcillo, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    518. Esmeralda Curiel, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    519. James Curlin, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    520. Renee Curry, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    521. Matt Cusmiani, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    522. Christie L Cutting, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    523. Lauren Czaja, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    524. Karolina W Czarnecki, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    525. Emila Czyszczon, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    526. Thomas D'Addario, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    527. Satish Dahal, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    528. Alysan Dahl, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    529. Katherine Daily, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    530. Tiffany Damiani, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    531. Kyle Dammann, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    532. Jolene SP Damoiseaux, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    533. Duy Dang, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    534. Samantha Danguilan, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    535. Chuck Daniels, Microbiology, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    536. Richard L Daniels, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    537. Benjamin Danner, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    538. Michael A Darcy, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    539. Marija Dargyte, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    540. Rachel Darko, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    541. Adam Darwiche, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    542. Aditya Das, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    543. Thressa DaSilva, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    544. Amina Dasin, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    545. Ekaterina Dasiuk, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    546. Cierra Dauenhauer, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    547. Sarahanne Davidson, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    548. H Lane Davis, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    549. Katie Davis, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    550. Dillon Davis, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    551. Jeremy S Davis, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    552. Kimberly Davis, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    553. Marshall Davis, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    554. William B Davis, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    555. Ariangela J Davis-Kozik, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    556. Zazil-xa Davis-Vazquez, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    557. Allie Day, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    558. Jelani Days, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    559. Nydia De La Cruz, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    560. Jessica De La Luz, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    561. Carla De Los Santos, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    562. Melissa De Mattos, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    563. Alexander J DeBernardo, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    564. LaJoyce Debro, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    565. Samuel DeCero, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    566. Sarah DeCou, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    567. Kimberly DeGlopper, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    568. Ari Dehn, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    569. Morgan Deihs, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    570. Randall J DeJong, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    571. Rafaelle Delaney, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    572. Alex Delenko, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    573. Veronique A Delesalle, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    574. Hilda Delgadillo, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    575. Zachary DeLong, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    576. Maggie DelPonte, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    577. Katherine E Deming, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    578. Cassondra Demming, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    579. Renee M Deneweth, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    580. Lisa Deng, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    581. Danielle M DeNigris, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    582. John J Dennehy, Biology, CUNY, Queens College, Queens, United States
    583. Shannon Denny, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    584. Jonquil Dent, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    585. Dee R Denver, Integrative Biology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States
    586. Armelle DeRiso, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    587. Payal P Desai, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    588. Dana DeSantis, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    589. Ria Deshpande, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    590. Alana Deutsch, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    591. Veena Devaraju, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    592. Bethany DeVault, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    593. Sarah Devine, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    594. Elizabeth B DeVore, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    595. Jodie DeVries, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    596. Brittney DeWald, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    597. Jaskirat Dhanoa, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    598. Molly Diamond, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    599. Crystal Diaz, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    600. Felix Diaz-Medero, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    601. Mike DiCandia, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    602. Leon Dickson Jr, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    603. Lauren Dieleman, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    604. Joshua T Dimmick, Biology, Hampden-Sydney College, Farmville, United States
    605. Sasha DiNitto, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    606. Luke E Diorio-Toth, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    607. Anthony Disteso, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    608. Nikita Divekar, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    609. Michael DiVito, Biology, Merrimack College, North Andover, United States
    610. Ravi Dixit, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    611. Andrea Doak, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    612. Joanne Dobbins, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    613. Pamela Dockstader, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    614. Shea Dolan, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, United States
    615. Ebony Domingo, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    616. Bianca Dominguez, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    617. Evaristo Dominguez-Rodriguez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    618. Julie Donna, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    619. John Paul Donohue, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    620. Melindy Dorcin, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    621. Emilio Doring, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    622. Robert Dorit, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    623. Stanna Dorn, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    624. Viviana Doros-Bonciu, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    625. Amrit Dosanjh, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    626. Meredith Doughty, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    627. Jasmine Douglas, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    628. Erin Doyle, Doane College, Crete, United States
    629. Matthew Doyle, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    630. Nicolette Driscoll, Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, United States
    631. Karlee Driver, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    632. Bayless E Drum, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    633. Alan Yicong Du, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    634. Heloise Dubois, Providence College, Providence, United States
    635. Madison Duckworth, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    636. Emily Duex, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    637. Mary Duff, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    638. Jackie Duffy, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    639. Jacob Dums, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    640. David Dunbar, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    641. Courtney Dunkerley, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    642. Azaline Dunlap-Smith, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    643. Matthew Dunn, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    644. Matthew Dunworth, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    645. Quoc-viet Duong, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    646. Stephen Duong, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    647. Ben Duplechain, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    648. Mackenzie Durham, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    649. Ryan J Durham, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    650. Mieke Dykhouse, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    651. Maciej Dzikowski, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    652. Keith Earley, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    653. Brian J Early, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    654. Nicole A Ebalo, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    655. Annelle Eben, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    656. Erich Eberts, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    657. Eric Edewaard, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    658. Nicholas P Edgington, Biology, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, United States
    659. Jessica Edwards, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    660. Maria Eguiluz, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    661. Bernadette M Eichman, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    662. Rachel Ekdahl, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    663. Ashuvinee Elangovan, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    664. Sarah CR Elgin, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    665. Shelby A Ellis, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    666. Catherine E Elorette, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    667. Moustafa ElSayed, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    668. Shannon Ely, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    669. Abby Emanuel, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    670. Nicholas Emard, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, United States
    671. Jan A Enabore, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    672. Pauline Encarnacion, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    673. Nicole Enciso, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    674. Rachel Ende, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    675. Abby Engelkes, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    676. Angela Engelsen, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    677. Jessica M Engle, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    678. Belle V English, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    679. Sandy Enriquez, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    680. Elizabeth Ensink, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    681. Marcella L Erb, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    682. Gereltuya Erdenejargal, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    683. Jessica Erlich, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    684. Dana Escareno-Linger, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    685. Dulce Escobar, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    686. Joshua Esguerra, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    687. Militza Espada-Ramos, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    688. Kathryn Esposito, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    689. Lauren A Esposito, Biology, CUNY, Queens College, Queens, United States
    690. Maria Esquinca, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    691. Paige Estave, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    692. Amanda Estes, Biotechnology, Southern Maine Community College, South Portland, United States
    693. Crystal Estrada, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    694. Yesenia Estrada-Rivera, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    695. Ann-Scott Ettinger, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    696. Nicole Deanne Evangelista, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    697. Jared Evans, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    698. Mikala Evans, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    699. Tom Everding, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    700. Mitchell Eyerman, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    701. Daniel R Ezzo, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    702. Deborah Fadoju, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    703. Mohammed Fahad, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    704. J Grant Fahey, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    705. Michael Falahat, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    706. Emily Falch, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    707. Alexandra L Falk, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    708. Yiwen Fang, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    709. Michael Fangman, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    710. Jennifer Farina, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    711. Charles Newton Farmer, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    712. Amal Farooq, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    713. Summer Farooq, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    714. Kanhai Farrakhan, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    715. Elias Farran, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    716. Joseph Farrell, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    717. Tolulope Fasoranti, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    718. Mokunfope Fatukasi, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    719. Jonathan Faughn, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    720. Emilio Feal, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    721. Cameron Feathers, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    722. Melissa Feeney, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    723. Joel Feldhake, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    724. Zachery Feldker, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    725. Juan Feliciano-Figueroa, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    726. Celia Feng, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    727. Chelsea L Ferguson, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    728. Jacquelyn R Ferguson, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    729. Asia Fernandes, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    730. Alyka Glor Fernandez, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    731. Mariceli Fernandez-Martinez, Pedagogy, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    732. Pilar Fernandez-Rodriguez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    733. Michelle Fernando, Providence College, Providence, United States
    734. Aisha Ferrazares, Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, United States
    735. Gregory J Ferroni, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    736. Kyra Feuer, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    737. Alex Fields, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    738. Rachel Fieman, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    739. Laura Z Filliger, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    740. Christy Fillman, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    741. Jared Filut, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    742. Ann M Findley, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    743. Adam W Fine, Biology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, United States
    744. Joseph Fiorenza, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    745. Marlie Fisher, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    746. Joshua NB Fisher, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    747. Jodi Fitzgerald, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    748. Nicholas M Flaherty, Biology, Merrimack College, North Andover, United States
    749. Brandon Flatgard, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    750. Taylor Fleet, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    751. Robert Fleming, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    752. Alexandru Florea, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    753. Desirey Flores, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    754. Izamar Flores Castillo, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    755. Shikira Flounory, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    756. Caroline E Flowers, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    757. Matthew Flowers, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    758. Kelsey Focht, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    759. Rose Fogliano, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    760. Chase Fong, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    761. Lindsey M Fong, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    762. Amy Fontenot, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    763. Lauren Ford, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    764. Jacquelyn Ford, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    765. Berencia Fore, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    766. Rebecca Foreman, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    767. Kathryn M Forman, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    768. Steven Forrester, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    769. Katherine S Forsyth, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    770. Mark H Forsyth, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    771. Gloria Foster, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    772. Lisa Anne Foster, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    773. Deitrick Fowler, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    774. Kristen Fowler, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    775. Courtney Fox, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    776. Tyler M Fox, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    777. Janey Foxe, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    778. Ethan Fram, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    779. Sarah Francisco, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    780. Rene D Francolini, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    781. Samantha Frangos, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    782. Shanah Frankel, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    783. Regina Frawley, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    784. Ryan Frazier, Providence College, Providence, United States
    785. Christina M Freeman, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    786. Carlyn Freeman, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    787. Vanessa Freitas, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    788. Stanislav Fridland, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    789. Iddo Friedberg, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    790. Shawn Friel, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    791. Gabriel Michael Frischer, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    792. Chadley D Froes, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    793. Julia Froud, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    794. Aubree Frownfelter, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    795. Megan Fruchte, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    796. Katherine Fu, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    797. Kayci Fudge, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    798. Ana Lucia Fuentes, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    799. Chelsea Fulmore, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    800. Ho Yee Joyce Fung, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    801. Kaitlin Fusco, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    802. Deanna Fyffe, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    803. Jamal Gaddis, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    804. Christopher Gager, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    805. Eliot Gagne, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    806. Miranda Gagnon, Biology, Merrimack College, North Andover, United States
    807. Jasmine Gajeton, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    808. Maria E Galassi, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    809. Ruth Galatowitsch, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    810. Chanah Gallagher, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    811. Jordan Gallardo, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    812. Isaura Gallegos, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    813. Jenna Galletta, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    814. Tyler Galvelis, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    815. Aakash Y Gandhi, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    816. Ryan Gandy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    817. Danielle Gannon, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    818. Alejandra Garcia, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    819. Carlos Garcia, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    820. Karla Garcia, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    821. Oscar Garcia, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    822. Samuel Garcia, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    823. Karla Garcia-Delgado, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    824. Hernan Garcia-Ruiz, Molecular and Cell Biology Program, Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States
    825. Adam V Gardner, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    826. Jeremy Garner, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    827. Jacqualyn Garrett, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    828. Logan Garthe, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    829. Samantha M Gatt, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    830. Brianna Gaytan, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    831. Abraham Gebreselassie, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    832. Kaitlyn Geffen, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    833. Sarah Geiger, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    834. Katelyn Geleynse, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    835. Ethan Gelke, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    836. William Gendron, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    837. Jessica Genkil, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    838. Cody Gensen, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    839. Katia George, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    840. Kara Geraci, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    841. Shaunt Gharabegian, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    842. Kamalini Ghosh, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    843. Bryan C Gibbon, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    844. Zane Gibbs, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    845. Allison Gibson, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    846. Katherine Giddens, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    847. Dometria Gilbert, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    848. Neil Gilbert, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    849. Claire Gillette, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    850. Brooke Gillispie, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    851. Sinead Gilmore, Biology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, United States
    852. Meghana Ginjpalli, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    853. Chris R Gissendanner, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    854. Jennifer Giulietti, Providence College, Providence, United States
    855. Felipe Giuste, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    856. John Givler, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    857. Mitchell Go, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    858. Grayland W Godfrey, Biology, Hampden-Sydney College, Farmville, United States
    859. Erich Goebel, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    860. Eric A Goethe, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    861. Amber Goins, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    862. Urszula P Golebiewska, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    863. Pawel Golyski, Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, United States
    864. Norma Gomez-Fuentes, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    865. Germarie Gomez-Garcia, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    866. Jessmarie Gonzales, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    867. Alfredo Gonzalez, Providence College, Providence, United States
    868. Gabriela Gonzalez, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    869. Bridget Gonzalez, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    870. Elizabeth D Gonzalez, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    871. Joshua Gonzalez, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    872. Stephanie Gonzalez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    873. Yvonne Gonzalez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    874. Joshua Gonzalez-Berrios, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    875. Leanabel Gonzalez-Menendez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    876. Karla Gonzalez-Pagan, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    877. Benjamin Goodwin, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    878. Emma Goodwin, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    879. Matthew Goodwin, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    880. Sean Goralski, Providence College, Providence, United States
    881. Sonja Gorman, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    882. Alexander Goss, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    883. Maya Gotsatsenko, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    884. Emily Gough, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    885. Jayalakshmi A Govindan, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    886. Hannah M Gowaty, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    887. Jamie Gradishar, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    888. Neshaun Grady, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    889. Hannah Graff, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    890. Allison Graine, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    891. Jordan M Grainger, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    892. Melanie Grajales, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    893. Jose Grajeda, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    894. Marcela Grajeda, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    895. Brittany Grandaw, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    896. John Grant, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    897. Deborah Grant, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    898. Racheal Granville, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    899. Kaitlynn Graven, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    900. Austin Graves, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    901. Andrea Graves, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    902. Abby Grawe, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    903. Angela Gray, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    904. Ken Gray, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    905. Kevin Gray, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    906. Veronica C Gray, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    907. Eric Greene, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    908. Kyla L Greenfield, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    909. Stephanie Gregory, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    910. Janelle Grendler, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    911. Jacob Gries, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    912. Phyllis Griffard, Natural Sciences, University of Houston-Downtown, Houston, United States
    913. Andrew Griffin, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    914. Alishia K Griffin, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    915. Maura Griffith, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    916. Phoebe Grijalva, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    917. Wendy Grillo, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    918. Melvin Grimes, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    919. Kimberly Grome, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    920. Julianne H Grose, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    921. Oleg Gross, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    922. Adam Groth, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    923. Halle Grove, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    924. Clayton Gruber, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    925. Katherine Zhen H Guan, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    926. Hebe Guardiola-Diaz, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    927. Brittany Guay, Marine Science, Southern Maine Community College, South Portland, United States
    928. Genevieve Guerra, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    929. Stephanie L Guerra, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    930. Stuart W Guertin, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    931. Nicole Guevara, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    932. Ayele Gugssa, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    933. Nancy Guild, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    934. Nathaniel Guilford, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    935. Desire Guillory, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    936. Quentin Guillory, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    937. Bridget Guiza, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    938. Shan Gulamani, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    939. Naomi D Gunawardena, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    940. Jinny Guo, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    941. Stella Guo, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    942. Auroni Gupta, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    943. Swati Gupta, Biology, CUNY, Queens College, Queens, United States
    944. Eric L Gustafson, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    945. Nicholas Guthrie, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    946. Alexandra Gutierrez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    947. Jesus Gutierrez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    948. Omar Gutierrez Ruiz, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    949. Ivan Guzman, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    950. Soo Jung Ha, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    951. Brandon Haake, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    952. Jake Hackel, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    953. Alexander Hadik, Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, United States
    954. Kaylee Hagen, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    955. Ritika Halder, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    956. Richard H Hale, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    957. Emily Hall, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    958. Jeremy Hall, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    959. Michelle Hall, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    960. Andrew Halleran, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    961. Mitchell Hallman, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    962. Alexander Hallwachs, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    963. Catherine Halpern, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    964. Peter Hamar, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    965. Jameel Hamdan, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    966. Ariel Hamil, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    967. Elizabeth Hamilton, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    968. Kaitlin Hamilton, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    969. Taylor Hammock, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    970. Latanya P Hammonds-Odie, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    971. Maxwell Hampton, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    972. Stephanie A Haney, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    973. Adam W Hansen, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    974. Brent Harbaugh, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    975. Emily Hardison, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    976. Charles Hardnett, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    977. Shyla L Hardwick, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    978. Raven Hardy, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    979. Victoria Hare, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    980. Raven Hargrove, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    981. Nyema Harmon, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    982. Jeremy Harmson, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    983. Jesse Haro, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    984. Jourdan Harper, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    985. Ravyne Harper, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    986. Donyelle Harrigan, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    987. Alex Harris, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    988. Celina Harris, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    989. Jamie Harris, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    990. Katrina Harris, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    991. Jenna N Harrison, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    992. Jon Harrison, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    993. Melinda Harrison, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    994. Andrew Hart, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    995. Matthew Hartman, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    996. Grant A Hartzog, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    997. Robert Harvell, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    998. Jayla Harvey, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    999. Samuel E Harvey, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    1000. Vivian Harvey, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    1001. Patrick Hashiguchi, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1002. Hina Hashmi, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    1003. Selena Hasircoglu, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    1004. Kyler J Haskell, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    1005. Rachel Hastert, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1006. Paige Hasty, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1007. J Rob Hatherill, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    1008. Sarah Hausmann, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1009. Tyler Hawk, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1010. Christina B Hawkins, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1011. Harry Hawthorne, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1012. Samantha Hawtrey, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1013. Kendra Hayden, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1014. Joseph Haydock, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1015. Mallorie Hayes, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1016. Michael Hayes, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    1017. Camilla Haynes, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1018. Michaela Haynie, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, United States
    1019. Sarah Hays, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1020. Diana He, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1021. Zezhong He, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1022. Kevin He, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1023. Siping He, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1024. Kaitlin E Healy, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1025. Stacey Heaver, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1026. Emily Heckman, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1027. Eric Hederstedt, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1028. Morgan Hefner, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    1029. Erin M Hegarty, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1030. Neal Hegarty, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1031. Cally Hein, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1032. Bryce Henderson, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    1033. Melissa S Henderson, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1034. Hope Hendricks, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1035. Blake Henley, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1036. Colleen Henry, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1037. Lanese Henry, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    1038. Robert Henry, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1039. Shana-kay Henry-Grant, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    1040. Ellen Hensle, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1041. Ryan M Hensleigh, Chemistry, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, United States
    1042. Vanessa Hernandez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1043. Emma Herold, Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, United States
    1044. April Hester, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    1045. Sara A Heyn, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1046. Henry Higby, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1047. Charles Highfield, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    1048. Gabriela Hilario, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1049. Heather Hill, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1050. Rose Zabel Hill, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1051. Sarah Hillson, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1052. Brenda E Hinojoza, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1053. Daniel Hinson, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1054. Traci-Lynn Hirai, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1055. Aspen Hirsch, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1056. Hana Hoang, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    1057. Malayna Hocker, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    1058. Kimberly Hodgson, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1059. Krista Hoevemeyer, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1060. Taylor Hoff, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1061. Hilary Hoffman, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1062. Gina Hogan, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1063. Sara E Hoge, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1064. Ryan Holden, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1065. Alexis Holder, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1066. Cameron Holder, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1067. Courtney Hollingsworth, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1068. Johnathon Hollis, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1069. Gail Hollowell, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    1070. Georgeanna M Holmes, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    1071. Le'nica Holmes, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    1072. Bethany Holtz, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1073. Nathan Holz, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1074. David Homan, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1075. Joris Hoogendoorn, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1076. Stacy Hooker, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1077. James Horsfall, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1078. David Daniel Horstman, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1079. Ellen Hostert, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    1080. Katherine Hotze, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1081. Laken C Houser, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    1082. Catherine M Howard, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1083. Lauren A Howell, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1084. Sunnie Hsiung, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1085. G Jason Huang, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1086. Tina Huang, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1087. Vincent J Huang, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1088. Jasmine Hubley, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1089. Erica Hufford, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1090. Raya Hughes, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1091. Lee E Hughes, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1092. Emily Huizenga, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1093. Nathaniel Hunnewell, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1094. Kellie Hunnicutt, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1095. Gregory Hunt, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1096. Taylor Hunt, Providence College, Providence, United States
    1097. Kessler Hurd, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1098. Mackenzie Hurlbert, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, United States
    1099. Kayla Hurst, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1100. Arturo Husein, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1101. Keith W Hutchison, Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    1102. Sydney Hutton, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1103. Huyen Huynh, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1104. Stephanie Huynh, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    1105. Vicky Hwang, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1106. Joshua Hynes, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1107. Chikodi Ibe, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    1108. Aubrey Ibele, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1109. Catherine Ibrahim, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1110. Amanda Icazatti-Burtell, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1111. Torri Igou, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1112. Jasmine Ikejiani, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    1113. Mary Illback, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1114. Emily Illingworth, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    1115. Ariel Imler, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1116. Joshua Imperial, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1117. Emily J Interrante, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1118. John Ion, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1119. Andra Ionescu, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1120. Khristina Ipapo, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1121. Shubha K Ireland, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    1122. Camille E Irwin, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1123. Sharon Isern, Biological Sciences, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    1124. Akira Issac, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1125. Tambi F Issac, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    1126. Kristina Ivanova, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    1127. Varun Iyengar, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    1128. Osai Ize-Iyamu, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1129. Antonio Jackson, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1130. Charity Jackson, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1131. Stephen Jackson, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1132. Jelissa Jackson, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1133. Naveen Jain, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1134. Marilyn Jalal, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1135. Aleksandar Jamborcic, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1136. Brett James, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    1137. Wendy Jamison, Physical and Life sciences, Chadron State College, Chadron, United States
    1138. Alicia Jancevski, Providence College, Providence, United States
    1139. Elaina Jandourek, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1140. Emily Jankowski, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1141. Gary Janssen, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1142. Jonathan W Jarvik, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1143. Paul G Jasinto, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1144. Rahul Jaswaney, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1145. Rohit Jaswaney, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1146. Kishore L Jayakumar, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1147. Alec Jeffers, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1148. Myleka Jefferson, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1149. Sharese Jefferson, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    1150. Tori Jefferson, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1151. Sabrina Jen, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1152. Timothy Jen, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1153. Adam C Jenkins, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1154. Meagan M Jenkins, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    1155. Valerie R Jenkins, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1156. Stephen Jensen, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1157. Chandler Jensen-Cody, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1158. Ji-il Jeon, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    1159. Huiyi Jiang, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1160. Wenxuan Lilith Jiang, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1161. Xuexia Jiang, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1162. Yi Jiang, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    1163. Allison A Johnson, Center for the Study of Biological Complexity, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    1164. Anna Johnson, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1165. Ashley Marie Johnson, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1166. Brett Johnson, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    1167. Cody Johnson, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1168. Christopher Johnson, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1169. Jessica Johnson, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    1170. Joseph E Johnson, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1171. Ember Johnson, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1172. Benjamin K Johnson, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1173. Katie Johnson, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    1174. Laura Johnson, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1175. Mark Johnson, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1176. Nicholas Johnson, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    1177. Rakiyah Johnson, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1178. Rachel Johnson, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    1179. Alexander Johnson, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1180. Emily Johnston, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1181. Rachel Johnston, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1182. Kevin Johnston, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1183. Netherland Joiner, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1184. Alana Jones, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1185. George Jones, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1186. Isabel Jones, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    1187. Jackson Jones, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1188. Nancy L Jones, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    1189. J Derek Jones, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1190. Keara Jones, Providence College, Providence, United States
    1191. Latoya Jones, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1192. Mackenzie Jones, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1193. Margaret Jones, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1194. Morgan Jones, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1195. Laura Joo, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    1196. Taylor Jordan, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1197. Caelan Jordan-Ferrer, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1198. Michelle Juarez, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1199. Billy Judd, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1200. Mark Juel, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1201. Ryan Juhring, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    1202. Harsha Jujjavarapu, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1203. John F Julian, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1204. Nickolas W Julian, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1205. Erin Jung, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1206. Jennifer Jung, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1207. Peter Jung, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1208. Jesus Jurado, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1209. Ziomara Jurado, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    1210. Nicholas Justus, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1211. Kyle Kaczynski, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1212. Day Nahm Kagy, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1213. Maria Kakonikos, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    1214. Cody Kamstra, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1215. Thalia Kanani-Hendijani, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1216. Karen Kantor, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    1217. Aaron James Kappe, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1218. Alexandra Karacozoff, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1219. Ann Karam, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1220. Lakshmi Karamsetty, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1221. Semir Karic, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    1222. Srilakshmi Karuturi, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    1223. Surabhi Kasera, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1224. Woderyelesh Kassa, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1225. Manuel Kassardjian, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1226. Tomas Kasza, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1227. Dylan Katon, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    1228. Balpreet Kaur, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1229. Kevin Kaurich, Biology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, United States
    1230. Mousa Kawwa, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    1231. Katelynn Kazane, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1232. Michelle Keag, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1233. Sean Kearney, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1234. Alex Kearns, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1235. Michael G Kearse, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1236. Gabrielle Keeler, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1237. Nigel Keen, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    1238. Ayleen Keeton, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1239. Meghan Keleher, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1240. Chandler Keller, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    1241. Paige Keller, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    1242. Aubrey Kelley, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    1243. Brianna Kelley, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1244. Tess Kelley, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1245. Bobbi Kelling, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1246. Evan Kelly, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1247. Karla Kelly, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1248. Jessica Kelsey, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, United States
    1249. Margaret A Kenna, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1250. Emma Kennedy, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1251. Erin Kennedy, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1252. Kendall Kennedy, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    1253. Lacey Kennedy, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1254. Emily J Kenney, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1255. Samuel Kerk, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1256. Matthew Kern, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    1257. McKenzie Kerr, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1258. Mark Kerry, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1259. Anna C Kesaris, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1260. Evan Kesinger, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    1261. Stecey B Kessel, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    1262. Yousif Kettoola, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1263. Joshua Keyes, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1264. Zenab Khan, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1265. Sher Adam Khan, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1266. Rohan Khazanchi, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1267. Elizaveta Khenner, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1268. Farzana Kibria, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    1269. Joshua Kiehl, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1270. Michael Kiflezghi, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    1271. Albert Kiladjian, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1272. Chad Killen, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1273. Bradley W Killingsworth, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1274. Lauren Killough, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1275. Myles S Killpatrick, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1276. Bryan Kim, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1277. Justine S Kim, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1278. Deborah Kim, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    1279. Nelly Kim, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    1280. Young Kim, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1281. Jonathan Kindberg, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    1282. Meghan Kinder, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    1283. Allyson King, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1284. Katie King, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    1285. Tierra King, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1286. Rodney A King, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1287. Christina King Smith, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1288. Britni Kiosse, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, United States
    1289. Jonathan Kirk, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1290. Ericka Kirkpatrick, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    1291. Joe Kirsch, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1292. Taylor Kiskamp, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    1293. Evan Kittaka, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1294. Amy Kivela, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1295. Beth Klein, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1296. Rachel Klein, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1297. Holly Klepek, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1298. Christine Kline, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    1299. Josh Klinger, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1300. Linus Klingler, Natural Sciences, University of Houston-Downtown, Houston, United States
    1301. Tyler Klobucher, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1302. Karen Klyczek, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1303. Rachel Knapp, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1304. Anna Knight, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1305. Jacob Knol, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1306. Joshua Knopf, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1307. Andrew Knutson, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1308. Kevin Ko, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1309. Tae Wuk Ko, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1310. Staci Koberstein, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1311. Ann P Koga, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    1312. Anna Kogler, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1313. William Kohlway IV, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1314. Kristen Kokkonen, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1315. Christopher R Kolar, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1316. Ljuvica Kolich, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    1317. Meghan Konda, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1318. Brett Konzek, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1319. Joseph Koon, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    1320. Timothy Kopper, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1321. Christopher A Korey, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1322. Kristen Kornsey, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1323. Michal Kozdronkiewicz, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1324. Aleksey Kozlov, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1325. Marie-Morella Kponou, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1326. Allison Kraft, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1327. Lauren Kraft, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1328. Zachary Kramer, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    1329. Arcadia Kratkiewicz, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    1330. Taylor Kratochvil, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1331. Aurora Kraus, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1332. Amy Krause, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1333. Jessica Kraut, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1334. Amanda Kreger, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1335. Megan Kreitzman, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1336. Olivia Krejcarek, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1337. Jacqueline Kremer, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1338. Laura Krings, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1339. Grace Mahony Kroner, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1340. Greg P Krukonis, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1341. Alex Kryger, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1342. Lawrence Chihyung Ku, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1343. James L Kuhn, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1344. Logan Kuhn, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    1345. Gary Kuleck, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1346. Emil Kurian, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1347. Meghan Kurz, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1348. Thomas Kwak, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1349. Samantha Kwok, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    1350. Kaitlin Gee-Mei Kwong, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1351. Shelby Labe, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1352. Fabiani Laboy-De-Jesus, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1353. Holly LaFerriere, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    1354. Maryanne LaFollette, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    1355. Caitlin Lahey, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1356. Lindsay A Lahoda, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1357. Peggy Lai, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1358. Gilbert Laim, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1359. Christian Laing, Biology, Wilkes University, Wilkes-Barre, United States
    1360. Kelly Laird, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1361. Conner Lajoie, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    1362. Zachery Lake, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1363. Dieter Ka Yeung Lam, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1364. Yuwan Lam, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1365. Nicole Lamas, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    1366. Evan Lambert, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1367. Nicholas Lambrecht, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1368. Jessica Lambright, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    1369. Anne Lamsa, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1370. Ignacio Landaverde, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1371. Joseph F Lang, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    1372. Jennifer Lang, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1373. Jessica Lang, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1374. Tyler Langenbrunner, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1375. Allison Langone, Biology, Merrimack College, North Andover, United States
    1376. Elizabeth Lanum, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1377. Jonathan Lapin, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    1378. Anthony Lapsansky, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1379. Erin Lapsansky, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1380. Kristina Lardner, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    1381. Lisa Lark, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1382. Tori Larsen, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    1383. Victoria Larsen, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1384. Emily Larson, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    1385. Victoria Larson, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1386. Julie Lau, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1387. Charlotte Laven, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1388. Joseph Lawhead, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    1389. Zachary Lawrence, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1390. Stephen Layfield, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1391. Manuel Lazos, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1392. Derek Le, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1393. Mimi Le, Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, United States
    1394. John Leatherman, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    1395. Eric Lebel, Providence College, Providence, United States
    1396. Janine M LeBlanc-Straceski, Biology, Merrimack College, North Andover, United States
    1397. Dave Lee, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1398. HeaGie Lee, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1399. Ling-Ling Y Lee, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1400. Paul Lee, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1401. Stacey Lee, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1402. Taewoo Lee, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1403. Lee Ying-Chiang Jeffrey, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1404. Julia Y Lee-Soety, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1405. Laquisha Leemow, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    1406. Taylor Leet, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1407. Julie H Lench, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1408. Donicia Lenori, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    1409. Toinette Lenori, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    1410. Justina Leo, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1411. Brittany Leonard, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1412. Dean M Leonard, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1413. Jonathan Leonard, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1414. Felecia Leslie, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    1415. Samantha Leslie, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1416. Aden Lessiak, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1417. Robert J Lester, Biology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, United States
    1418. Nobel LeTendre, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1419. Robin Levy, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    1420. Azlin Lewis, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1421. Demi Lewis, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1422. Jennifer Lewis, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1423. Lynn O Lewis, Biological Sciences, University of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, United States
    1424. Nakia Lewis, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    1425. Elizabeth Lewis Roberts, Biology, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, United States
    1426. Amber Li, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1427. Diana Li, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1428. Frances Li, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1429. Ardy Li, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1430. Yi Li, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1431. Amy J Li, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1432. Vicky Li, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1433. Wei Li, Master of Physician Assistant Studies, Indiana Universiy, Indianapolis, United States
    1434. Wendy F Li, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1435. Benjamin Lichtenfels, Providence College, Providence, United States
    1436. Lauren Liddy, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1437. Gretchen Lidicker, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1438. Mitchell Lienemann, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1439. Morgan Light, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1440. Jonathan Lin, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1441. Tiffany Lin, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1442. Sawyer E Linke, Biology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, United States
    1443. Amanda Links, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1444. Leah C Liston, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1445. Megan Little, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    1446. Kunyao Liu, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1447. Mingchun Liu, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1448. Lisa Lizarraga, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1449. Manuel Llano, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1450. Maria Llanos, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1451. Ivan Llavona-Cartagena, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1452. Ashley Lloyd, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1453. Roxanne Lockhart, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1454. Paola Lockwood, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1455. Kathryn E Loesser-Casey, Biological Sciences, University of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, United States
    1456. Kathleen R Logan, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1457. Lebron Logan, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1458. Alexandra Lombard, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1459. Laricca London, Microbiology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1460. Shawn C London, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1461. Angelina Londono-Joshi, Pathology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1462. Christopher B Long, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1463. Michael Longmire, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1464. Luther Loose, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    1465. Carlos Lopez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1466. A Javier Lopez, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1467. Juan Lopez, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    1468. Naomy Lopez-Cuevas, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1469. Todd Lorenz, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1470. Brian Lott, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1471. Kevin K Lou, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1472. Lize Loubser, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1473. Dustin Lovas, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1474. Emily Love, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1475. Ryan Loviza, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    1476. Abigail Lowery, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1477. Katelyn Lowery, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1478. Paola Lozada, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    1479. Alexander J Lu, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1480. Jacky W Lu, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1481. Alexis Lubbers, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1482. Jenna M Luczka, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    1483. Catherine M Ludwig, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1484. Sean Joseph Lund, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1485. Emily Lundberg, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1486. David Lunderberg, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1487. Bryce L Lunt, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    1488. Yan Luo, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1489. Lena N Lupey, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1490. Danielle Lutyk, Biology Department, Georgia State University, Milledgeville, United States
    1491. Brittany Lynch, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    1492. Tatiana Lyons, Health Sciences, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, United States
    1493. Lena Ma, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1494. Angela Maccarrone, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1495. Ana L Maccarrone, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    1496. Margaret MacGibeny, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1497. Roger Machin-Rivera, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1498. Maxwell Machurick, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1499. Heyward B Mack, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1500. Stephanie Mack, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1501. Anne MacKenzie, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1502. Lara Madison, Physical and Life Sciences, Chadron State College, Chadron, United States
    1503. Tanya Maestas, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1504. John Kevin Magarian, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1505. Lauren Magee, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1506. Catherine M Mageeney, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University and Cabrini College, Bethlehem, United States
    1507. Samantha Magier, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1508. Michael Majekodunmi, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1509. Juan Maldonado-Rodriguez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1510. Natalia Maldonado-Vazquez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1511. Sarah Mam, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    1512. Richa D Manglorkar, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1513. Coreen Manley, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1514. Janet Mansaray, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1515. Diane Marcillo, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1516. Joseph E Marcus, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1517. Matthew Mardis, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1518. Cody J Marfizo, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    1519. Alyssa Marian, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    1520. Emil Maric, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1521. Diane Marin, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    1522. Joseph Marin, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    1523. Raven Mark, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1524. Bryan Marone, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1525. Anahi Marquez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1526. Nicholas Marquis, Marine Science, Southern Maine Community College, South Portland, United States
    1527. Paige Marsolek, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1528. Jordyn Mart, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    1529. Tehja Martin, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1530. Alexander Martinez, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1531. Katherine Martinez, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1532. Matthew Martinez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1533. Yanilda Martinez-Vega, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    1534. Ryan Martinie, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1535. Olivia A Martino, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1536. Victoria L Martino, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1537. Olumide A Martins, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1538. Jutta Y Marzillier, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1539. John Mason, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1540. Siiri M Mason, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    1541. Benjamin Massat, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1542. Jorge Mata, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1543. James Matern, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1544. Reny M Mathew, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1545. Oliver Mathrani, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1546. Hedieh Matinrad, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1547. Andrea Matthew, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1548. Danielle Mauch, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1549. Kimberly Maurer, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1550. Jadae A Maxton, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1551. Jessica Maya, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1552. Christine Mayer, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1553. Eric Mayer, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1554. Luke Maynard, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1555. Rebecca Catherine Mazahreh, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1556. Katherine McArthur, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1557. Jim Mcburney-lin, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1558. Kirk McCall, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    1559. Christina McChesney, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1560. Casey A McConnell, Biology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, United States
    1561. Shanika McCray, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1562. Kyle McCurdy, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1563. Taashaylaray McDuffie, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1564. Reshard McElrath, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1565. Kyren McGary, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1566. Earyn McGee, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1567. Breann McGee, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1568. Hayley McGinnis, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1569. Erik McGuire, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1570. Dustin McHugh, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    1571. Kristina McInnes, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    1572. Emily McKee, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1573. Melanie McKell, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1574. Angela L McKinney, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    1575. Kelly E McKinnon, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    1576. Lisa McLellan, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1577. Connor W McMahon, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    1578. Sean McMahon, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1579. Thomas McNamara, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1580. Lauren McNulty, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1581. Abigail McPherson, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    1582. Erin E McPherson, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1583. Briana McRae, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    1584. Jacqueline Measer, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1585. Andrew J Medenbach, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1586. Stephanie Medina-Delgado, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1587. Theodore Medling, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1588. Anna M Meese, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1589. Joseph Meggs, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    1590. Haley Mehalik, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1591. Christopher Meier, Department of Biological Sciences, Genetics Course - Univeristy of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    1592. Trevor Meindertsma, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1593. Riley Meister, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1594. Nisa Melendez-Rodriguez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1595. Brett Mellbye, Molecular and Cell Biology Program, Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States
    1596. Kimberly Menendez, Natural Sciences, University of Houston-Downtown, Houston, United States
    1597. Monica Menkis, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    1598. Theresa Menna, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1599. Akshay Mentreddy, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1600. Seth Menzer, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1601. Alvin Mercado, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1602. Raysean Mercer, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    1603. Paul Merlau, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1604. Bryan D Merrill, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    1605. Brenden Merriman, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1606. Robert Merritt, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    1607. Nairobi Mesa, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1608. Adriana Messyasz, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1609. Maeva Metz, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1610. Eli Metzler-Prieb, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1611. Danielle Meyer, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1612. Jordan Meyer, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1613. Malcolm Mezue, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    1614. Scott F Michael, Biological Sciences, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    1615. Steven Micheletti, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    1616. Nicole Michmerhuizen, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1617. Michael Miera, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1618. Olivia Miess, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1619. John Mike, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1620. Devon Miles, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1621. Adela Miller, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1622. Barrett Miller, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1623. Brenda Miller, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1624. Dustin Miller, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1625. Eric S Miller, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1626. Lindsay Miller, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1627. Brittany Miller, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1628. Savannah Miller, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1629. Mistie Miller, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    1630. Meredith Millman, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    1631. Shelby Mills, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1632. Taylor Mills, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1633. Mariah Minder, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1634. Thomas Minkiewitz, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    1635. Briaunna Minor, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    1636. Jessica Minor, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    1637. Crystal Miranda-Mendoza, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1638. Lauren Misel, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1639. Brianna Mishler, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1640. Nikita Mishra, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1641. Neil Mistry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    1642. Andreas Mitchell, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1643. Casey Mitchell, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1644. Dan Mize, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1645. Jordan Moberg Parker, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1646. Samantha Moffat, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1647. Kim Mogen, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1648. Jay Mohan, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1649. Tal Mohn, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1650. Zaffiro Molina-Rivera, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1651. Molly Mollica, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1652. Sally D Molloy, Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    1653. Kirsten Monsen-Collar, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1654. Erin Montgomery, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1655. Greg Montgomery, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    1656. Denise Monti, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1657. Steven Montiel-Melgar, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    1658. Nina Montoya, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1659. Austin L Moody, Biology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, United States
    1660. Joshua Moore, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1661. Justin Moore, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1662. Tiffany Moore, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1663. Christina Moore, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1664. Jose Morales, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1665. Marjorie Morales, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    1666. Abimelec Morales-Rivera, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1667. Deborah Moran, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    1668. Lauren Mordukhaev, Biology, CUNY, Queens College, Queens, United States
    1669. Robert Morefield, Marine Science, Southern Maine Community College, South Portland, United States
    1670. Benji Morehead, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1671. Jonathan Morena, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1672. Cameron Morford, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    1673. Alexandra Morgan, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1674. Brandon Morgan, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1675. Miranda Nicole Morgan, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1676. Gabrielle Morgan, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1677. Yolanda Morgan, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    1678. John D Morrell, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    1679. Carlye Morris, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1680. Lailonny Y Morris, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1681. Tessa Morris, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1682. Tara Morton, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1683. Jordan Mosier, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1684. Allegra Mosley, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1685. Jonah Moss, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1686. Sarah Mosteller, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1687. Maroutcha Mouawad, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1688. Christopher Mulhern, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1689. Stefanie E Mundhenk, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1690. Trapper Munn, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1691. David Munoz, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1692. Miranda J Munoz, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1693. Ernesto Munoz-Pena, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1694. Chris Murdock, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    1695. Meghan M Muretta, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1696. Alexandra Murphy, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1697. Ashley Murphy, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    1698. Brendan Murphy, Providence College, Providence, United States
    1699. Jason Murphy, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1700. Zachery Murphy, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1701. Cara Murphy, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1702. Ryan Murphy, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1703. Jessica Murray, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    1704. Rachel Murray, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1705. Brandon C Mus, Biology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, United States
    1706. Munia M Mustafa, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1707. Justin Muste, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1708. Rebecca Muthalaly, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1709. Mallory E Myers, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1710. Samantha Midori Nadeau, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1711. Colby Nance, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1712. Joshua Napial, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1713. Alberto Napuli, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1714. Ryan Narbutas, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1715. Courtney Navarro, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1716. Mercedes Navarro-Ohara, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1717. Saba Nawaz, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1718. Ann Nduati, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1719. Kevin Ndukwe, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1720. Kelli Neal, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1721. Robert Neblett, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1722. Mekala Kavya Neelakantan, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1723. Om Neelay, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1724. Fathom Neft, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1725. Nicholas Negretti, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    1726. Casey Neisius, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1727. James J Neitzel, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1728. Brock Nelson, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1729. Matthew Nelson, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1730. Peter R Nelson, Arts and Sciences Division, University of Maine, Fort Kent, Fort Kent, United States
    1731. Samantha Nelson, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1732. Victoria A Nelson, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1733. Rahmi Nemri, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1734. Julie Nessler, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    1735. Paul Nestor, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1736. Elizabeth K Neumann, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1737. Ann Neumeyer, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1738. Jordan Newhof, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1739. Alysha Newsom, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1740. Octavius Newsome, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1741. Carmen Ng, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1742. Aundrea Nguyen, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    1743. Minh Nguyen, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1744. Emilie Nguyen, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1745. Emily Dao Anh Nguyen, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1746. Josephina Nguyen, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    1747. Katrina Nguyen, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1748. Katrina Nguyen, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1749. Lida K Nguyen, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    1750. Christine Nguyen, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1751. Thai Nguyen, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1752. Catherine Nicholas, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1753. Conor P Nichols, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    1754. Janet Nickels, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1755. Rachel E Nicoletto, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1756. Natalie Nigg, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1757. Yana A Nikolayeva, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    1758. Ryan Nintzel, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1759. Emily Noble, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1760. Ron Noble, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1761. Emily Nolting, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1762. Poochit Nonejuie, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1763. Heather Nootbar, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1764. Megan North, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    1765. Gina Notaro, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1766. Adam Novajovsky, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1767. Peter Novick, Biology, CUNY, Queens College, Queens, United States
    1768. Daniel Andre Novoa, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    1769. Ian Noyes, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1770. Amy Nusbaum, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    1771. Brenna Nye, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1772. James O'Brien, Providence College, Providence, United States
    1773. Heather O'Connell, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1774. Delaney O'Malley, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    1775. Lauren P O'Neil, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1776. Kayla O'Sullivan, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1777. Stacey A Oakes, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1778. Nadeem Obaydou, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1779. Kasey A Ober, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    1780. Trevor Obrinsky, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1781. Natalia Ocasio-Ramos, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1782. Raul Ochoa, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1783. Richard Ode, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1784. Nwamara Ogbonna, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1785. Marcus Oglesby, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1786. Kasopefoluwa Oguntuyo, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1787. David Ohnstad, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1788. Kristina Ok, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    1789. Oreoluwa M Olaniyan, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1790. Margot Oliver, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1791. Olivia Oliver, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    1792. Helena Olivieri, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1793. Alishe Olmo-Colon, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1794. Heather Olney, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1795. Morenike Olu, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1796. Uche Onoh, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1797. Judy Oranika, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1798. Kathryn Orban, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1799. Kristina A Orbe, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1800. Javier Ordonez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1801. Alexander S Orenstein, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1802. Iris Orion, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1803. Chelsea M Orlando, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1804. Ryan Orloski, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1805. Beu Oropeza, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1806. Andrew M Orr, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1807. Kiara Ortiz-Camacho, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1808. Eric Ortiz-Lopez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1809. Luis Ortiz-Munoz, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1810. Erin Osborne, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1811. Gina Osburn, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    1812. Brandon P Ossont, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1813. Elijah Ostalza, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    1814. Larissa Osterbaan, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1815. Taylor Oswald, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1816. Hidalisse Otero-Ruiz, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1817. Nathaly Otero-Ruiz, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1818. Cassandra Ott, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    1819. Nakeya Owens, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1820. Sarah Owens, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1821. Oreoluwa Oyetan, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1822. Oluwaseun Oyewole, Biology Department, Georgia State University, Milledgeville, United States
    1823. Jose Pabon-Lopez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1824. Joanna Padolina, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    1825. Shallee Page, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    1826. Josue Paico, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1827. Jillian Pailin, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1828. Ramya Palaniappan, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1829. Jamie L Palmer, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1830. Caressie Palomino, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1831. Haoyu Pan, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    1832. Marianne Pan, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1833. Lianette M Pappaterra, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1834. Mili Parikh, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1835. Min Jin Park, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    1836. Minyoung Park, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    1837. Peter J Park, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    1838. Jacob Parker, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1839. Lindsay Parnell, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    1840. Laura E Parrella, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1841. Prasanna Parthasarathy, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1842. Natasha Pascal, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1843. Valerie Paschalis, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1844. Jacob Pascual, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1845. Anjali P Patel, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1846. Mira Patel, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1847. Krupa Patel, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1848. Nikita Patel, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1849. Shivani Patel, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1850. Pooja M Patel, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1851. Pooja B Patel, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1852. Pooja Patel, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1853. Rikita Patel, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1854. Ritesh Patel, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1855. Ruchik Patel, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1856. Shivum Patel, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1857. Sarah Patno, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1858. Briawn Patrick, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    1859. Emma Patschorke, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1860. Shejuti Paul, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1861. David E Payne II, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    1862. Yogitha Pazhani, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1863. Jacelyn Peabody, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1864. Bria Peacock, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1865. Katelyn C Peasley, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    1866. Eric N Pederson, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1867. Marisa L Pedulla, Biology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, United States
    1868. Luke Peebles, Biology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, United States
    1869. Amber Peek-Simpson, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    1870. Alexandra Peister, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1871. Fei Peng, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    1872. Katelyn Pennington, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1873. Laura Penrod, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1874. Kathleen Peoples, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1875. Gretchen Peppers, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    1876. Luigi Peracchi, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1877. Natalia Perecki, Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, United States
    1878. Ariane N Pereira, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1879. Paola Pereira-Rivera, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1880. Varahenage R Perera, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1881. Dahiana Perez, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    1882. Ricardo Perez, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    1883. Eliezer Perez-Colomba, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1884. Gabriel Perez-Lopez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1885. Joseph Perez-Otero, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1886. Abbey Perl, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1887. Christina Perri, Providence College, Providence, United States
    1888. Benjamin M Perrin, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1889. Christine Elise Peters, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1890. Caroline Petersen, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1891. Christian Peterson, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1892. Kraig Peterson, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1893. Thalia Peterson Galvez, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1894. Mitchell Petredis, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1895. David Peyton, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1896. Brandon Pezley, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    1897. Patrick Pfaffle, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    1898. Shawna Pfeif, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1899. Rachel E Pferdehirt, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1900. Elizabeth Pflugradt, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    1901. Anthony Pham, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    1902. Danny Pham, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    1903. Michael Pham, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1904. Mai-Trinh Pham, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1905. Alex Phillips, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1906. Kaysi Phillips, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1907. Melissa Phillips, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    1908. Olivia Phillips, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    1909. Connie Phung, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1910. Carlie Pickrel, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    1911. Anya Pierson, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1912. Britta Pihl, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1913. Nathan Pihl, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1914. Jessamine Pilcher, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    1915. Indiren Pillay, Biology Department, Georgia State University, Milledgeville, United States
    1916. Robert Pinches, Providence College, Providence, United States
    1917. Megan Pineda, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1918. Jonathan Pinney, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1919. Matthew Piotrowiak, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1920. Yasaman Camelia Pirahanchi, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1921. Brianna Piro, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    1922. Kaknika Pisith, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1923. Andrew Pita, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    1924. Lauren Pittak, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1925. Thomas J Pittman, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1926. Amanda Pitts, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    1927. Sonja Pizzini, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1928. Marie Pizzorno, Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, United States
    1929. Anna Plantinga, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1930. Andryus Planutis, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1931. Melanie Plastini, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1932. Ruth Plymale, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    1933. Adam Poff, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    1934. Joe Pogliano, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1935. Kit Pogliano, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1936. Zeeshan Polani, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    1937. Rachel Polet, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1938. Galen Polise, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1939. Elliot Pollack, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    1940. Tatianna Pollak, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1941. Aja Pollard, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1942. Georgia Pollard, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    1943. Mariela Ponce-Torres, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1944. Sita Pongthunyaviriya, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1945. Amanda Porter, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1946. Chritiane J Porter, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1947. Lindsey Porter, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    1948. Michelle Portillo, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    1949. Abigail J Porzucek, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1950. Lindsay M Poss, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    1951. Matthew Postolowski, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    1952. Joseph Potesta, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    1953. Michael Potter, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    1954. Destinee Powell, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    1955. Elijah Powell, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1956. Emily Powell, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    1957. Jordan Powell, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    1958. Taylor R Power, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    1959. Marianne Poxleitner, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1960. Riemer Praamsma, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    1961. Ashley Prasad, Biology, CUNY, Queens College, Queens, United States
    1962. Smrithi Prem, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    1963. Anthony Preston, Biology, Merrimack College, North Andover, United States
    1964. Jordan Price, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    1965. Kirsten Price, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    1966. Kimberly Prince, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1967. Arturo Principe-Cartagena, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1968. Amber Prins, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    1969. Stephenie Prinsen, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1970. Sara Privatt, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    1971. Daysi Proano, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    1972. Atticus M Proctor, Biology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, United States
    1973. Lora Prosser, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    1974. Ashley Prout, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    1975. Brooke Pruitt, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    1976. Alyssa Prush, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    1977. Seamus Pugh, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1978. Sandra Pumper, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    1979. Taylor Purks, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1980. Kendyl B Pyfer, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1981. Zhijie Qi, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1982. Hong Qin, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    1983. Michael Qiu, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    1984. Conrad Quade, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1985. Ariana Quattlebaum, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1986. Ashley Queen, Microbiology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    1987. Thaina Quiles, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    1988. Alexandra Quinn, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1989. Christopher Quintanal-Segarra, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1990. Hector Quintero-Alvarez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1991. Hannah S Rabinowitz, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    1992. Hiram Rabri-Diaz, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    1993. Aleksandar Radakovic, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    1994. Brendan Radel, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    1995. Casey Radice, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    1996. Nicholas J Radigan, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    1997. Jennifer Radke, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    1998. Paige Radtke, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    1999. Miranda Raevsky, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    2000. Haley Rafferty, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    2001. Prartana Ramachandran, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    2002. Eloy Ramirez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2003. Juan Ramirez, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2004. Valeria Ramirez, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2005. Jose Ramirez-Diaz, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2006. Mauro Ramos, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    2007. Kareliz Ramos-Aponte, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2008. Laura Ramos-Flores, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2009. Taylor Randell, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    2010. Alex Randoph, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    2011. Alexa Raney, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    2012. Surabhi Rao, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2013. Dustin Raper, Biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    2014. Rehnuma Rashid, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2015. Amir Rastegari, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2016. Suchita Rastogi, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2017. Rebecca Ratusnik, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    2018. Luke Raudaskoski, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2019. Tiffany Ravelomanantsoa, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    2020. Rawnok Rayeka, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    2021. John R Raymond, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2022. Ulugbek Razakov, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    2023. David C Ream, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    2024. Krisanavane Reddi, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2025. Sherry Reddix, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    2026. Kayla Reed, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    2027. Abigayle Reed, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2028. Jeremiah Reenders, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2029. Lukas Rees, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2030. Brooke Reese, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2031. Jordan Rego, Providence College, Providence, United States
    2032. Amanda Reicherter, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2033. Margaret Reilly, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2034. Meagan Reinecke, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    2035. Emily Reinhart, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2036. Mickey J Reiss, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2037. Leah Relko, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    2038. Daniel Renner, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    2039. Piper Replogle, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2040. Tessa Retzlaff, Biology, Chadron State College, Chadron, United States
    2041. Daniel Reyes, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2042. Angel Reyes-Aponte, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2043. Adriana Reyes-DeLeon, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2044. Nathan Reyna, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    2045. Brady Reys, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    2046. Cortney Rhoades, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    2047. Christopher Rhodes, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2048. Christopher Rhodes, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2049. Emily Rhude, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2050. Corwin N Rhyan, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2051. Ricci-tam Chiara Jeun-Ning Elena, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2052. Jeremy Rice, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2053. Benjamin James Rich, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2054. Erin Morris Richard, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2055. Mitchell Richards, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    2056. Megan Richters, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2057. Jenna Rickus, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    2058. Kendall Riddelle, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2059. Tanya Riddick, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    2060. Benjamin C Riley, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2061. Claire A Rinehart, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2062. Sarah Ring, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2063. Alyssa Riordan, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2064. Luis Rivera-Arce, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2065. Yoliveliz Rivera-Bernier, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2066. Myrielis Rivera-Burgos, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2067. Denise Rivera-Cordero, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2068. Asdrubal Rivera-Dones, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2069. Shalimar Rivera-Gonzalez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2070. Marlene Rivera-Martinez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2071. Yamil Rivera-Ortiz, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2072. Carlivette Rivera-Rivera, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2073. Alejandra Rivera-Rodriguez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2074. Miriam Rivera-Rolon, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2075. Angelica Rivera-Rosa, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2076. Melanie Rivera-Rosario, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2077. Rivera-San Antonio Jennifer, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2078. Antonella Rivezzi, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2079. Erin Rizzo, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2080. Haleigh Roach, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    2081. Darcy Roberson, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2082. Megan Robertson, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2083. Molly Robertson, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    2084. Laura Robey, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    2085. Courtney Robinson, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    2086. Danielle Robinson, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2087. Jana Robinson, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2088. Kayla Robinson, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2089. Tamara S Robinson, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    2090. Joseph Robinson, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    2091. Sarah Rock, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2092. Kathy Rodogiannis, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    2093. Christina Rodriguez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2094. Jasmin Rodriguez, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2095. Katherine M Rodriguez, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2096. Lauren Rodriguez, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2097. Neudalis Rodriguez-Burgos, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2098. Frances Rodriguez-Diaz, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2099. Ashley Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2100. Claribel Rodriguez-Lopez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2101. Stephen Rogers, Providence College, Providence, United States
    2102. Thomas Rogers, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    2103. Kelvin J Rojas, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2104. Lucero Rojas Gallegos, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2105. David Rokhinson, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    2106. Lauren E Rollman, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2107. Alfredo Roman, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2108. Will Romero, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2109. Kimberly A Rosales, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    2110. German Rosas-Acosta, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2111. Elizabeth L Rosenthal, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2112. Meredith K Rosenthal, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2113. Joseph Ross, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    2114. Jessica Rossi, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2115. Lindsay Roth, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    2116. Kasey Roush, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2117. Aislinn Rowan, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2118. Ansley T Royal, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    2119. Michael R Rubin, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2120. Jeffrey Rubin, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2121. Jessica Ruby, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2122. Leanna Rucker, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    2123. Maxwell Sung Ruckstuhl, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2124. Xiang Rui, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2125. Michael Ruiz, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2126. Sarafina Rush, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2127. Jeanette Russell, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2128. Alfredo Ruvalcaba, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2129. Joseph Ryan, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2130. Nathan Ryan, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2131. Ryan Amelia-Frances M, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    2132. Jessica L Sabo, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2133. Daniel Sabzghabaei, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2134. Lindsey Sacco, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2135. Quang V Sack, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2136. Rachna Sadana, Natural Sciences, University of Houston-Downtown, Houston, United States
    2137. Margaret S Saha, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    2138. Katrina Sahawneh, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2139. Kenny Salamea, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2140. Samaher M Saleh, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    2141. Mary Salim, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2142. Angelica Salinas, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2143. Brianna Salverda, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    2144. Andria Sammon, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    2145. Jorrel Sampana, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2146. Shaterrica Sampson, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2147. Jessica Sanchez, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2148. Marieli Sanchez-Collazo, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2149. Erin Sanders, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2150. James Sandoz, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, United States
    2151. Eric Sanford, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    2152. Michael Santana, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2153. Alexander Santiago, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2154. Jan Clement Santiago, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2155. David Santiago-Ochoa, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2156. Jose Santiago-Vazquez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2157. Natanael Santillana, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2158. Eddy Santos, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    2159. Christy Saquin, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2160. Heba Sarhan, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    2161. Richard Sater, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    2162. Lori Saunders, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    2163. Erin Sauve, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2164. Judith G Savitskaya, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2165. Lauren E Sawyer, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2166. Aatif Sayeed, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2167. Heidi Sayre, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2168. Tyler Scaff, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2169. Allysan Scatterday, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2170. Claire Schaar, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    2171. Amy Schade, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2172. Claire Schafer, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    2173. Lauren B Schellenberger, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    2174. Anne Scherer, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    2175. Alexander Schierbeek, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2176. Isaac B Schiller, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2177. Catherine Schilling, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2178. Jessica Schipper, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2179. Jennifer Schlegel, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2180. Elizabeth Schleh, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2181. Joshua Schmidt, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2182. Theresa Schmidt, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2183. Carson Schneider, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2184. Seth Schneider, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2185. Sydney Schneider, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2186. Christine E Schnitzler, Integrative Biology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States
    2187. Morgan B Schoer, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2188. Leo R Scholl, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2189. Amanda Schorr, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2190. Sarah Schrader, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2191. Stephanie Schramm, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    2192. Ariel L Schroeder, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    2193. Katherine Schroeder, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2194. Allison Schroeder, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2195. Monica Schroll, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2196. Karyssa Schrouder, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2197. Jacob Schrull, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2198. Kaitlyn Schuberth, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2199. Olivia Schuele, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2200. Thomas Schulte, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2201. Ellen Schultz, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    2202. Lisa Schultz, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2203. Michael B Schultz, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2204. Morgan Schultz, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    2205. Megan Schulz, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2206. AJ Schumacher, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2207. Victoria Schwartz, Providence College, Providence, United States
    2208. Amanda Schwarz, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    2209. Shelby Scola, Providence College, Providence, United States
    2210. Amanda Scott, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2211. Taylor D Scott, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2212. Vincent Scuttaro, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    2213. Corey D Seacrist, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2214. Sabe Sears, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    2215. Amanda Seaton, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2216. Hailey N Seaver, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    2217. Ethan Sebasco, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2218. M Esa Seegulam, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    2219. J Bradley Segal, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2220. Gabriel C Segarra, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2221. Ana Segura Lerma, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2222. Reuben Seidl, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2223. Robert Semler, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    2224. Sageanne Senneff, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2225. Jiwon Seo, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    2226. Bijan Sepheri, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2227. Erica Sewell, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    2228. Amy Shafer, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2229. Rachel A Shaffer, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2230. Christopher D Shaffer, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2231. Madeena Shafiq, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2232. Harsh Shah, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2233. Zalak Shah, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    2234. Sohum C Shah, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2235. Lindsey Shain, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2236. Peter Shank, Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, United States
    2237. Devon Shannonhouse-Wilde, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2238. Ananya Sharma, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2239. Sanskriti Sharma, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2240. Shaylen Sharp, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2241. Spencer Sharp, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    2242. Nadia Sheen, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2243. Marshall G Sheide, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    2244. Kathryn E Sheldon, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2245. Michael A Shelfo, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    2246. Laura Shellooe, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2247. Matthew Sheltra, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    2248. Adrie Shen, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2249. Jean Shen, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2250. Morgan Sherer, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2251. Andrea Sherod, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    2252. Chringma Sherpa, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    2253. Eileen Shi, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2254. Rani Shiao, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2255. Kelly S Shibuya, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2256. Hyo Jung Shin, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    2257. Marla Shipton, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2258. Katharine Shively, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2259. Breanne Short, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2260. Rahul Shrikanth, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    2261. Michael Shultz, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    2262. Shruthi Shyamala, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    2263. Zia Siddiqui, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2264. Hannah Sides, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2265. Aziz Sidra, Natural Sciences, University of Houston-Downtown, Houston, United States
    2266. Talles Sidronio, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2267. Christina Godfried Sie, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2268. Satchel Siegel, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2269. Mary Siki, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    2270. Jeremy Silva, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2271. Abigail Silva, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2272. Ethan Sim, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2273. Jacqueline Simeon, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    2274. Nicholas J Simitzi, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2275. Abigail R Simmons, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2276. Jacob Simon, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2277. Stephanie E Simon, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2278. Zachary Simon, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2279. Anita Simonian, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2280. Nathan Simpson, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2281. Erika F Sims, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2282. Danielle Sin, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2283. Ramya Singireddy, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2284. Samantha Siomko, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    2285. Benjamin Siranosian, Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, United States
    2286. Emily Sirek, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    2287. Jordan Skinner, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2288. Brittany Sklenar, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    2289. Tyler Slade, biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    2290. Lucas Slivicke, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    2291. Katherine Smart, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2292. Megan Smeets, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    2293. Thomas J Smith, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2294. Abigail J Smith, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2295. Damien Smith, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    2296. Erica Smith, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    2297. Elliott G Smith, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2298. Joanna Smith, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2299. Jason P Smith, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2300. Katherine A Smith, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2301. Kyle M Smith, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2302. Logan Smith, Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, United States
    2303. Luke D Smith, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2304. Savanna K Smith, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    2305. Colby Smith, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    2306. Dennis Smith, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    2307. Jalen Smith, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    2308. Kyle C Smith, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    2309. Veronica Smith, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    2310. Brett Snyder, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2311. Sarah L Sokol, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    2312. Divyakshi Solanki, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2313. Vincent Sonderby, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2314. Robert Soohey, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    2315. Stephen Soohey, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    2316. Talia K Sopp, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2317. Samantha Sorenson, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    2318. Erin Sorge, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    2319. Jesus Sotelo, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2320. Subada Soti, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2321. Rebecca Soto, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2322. Kara Soucek, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2323. Hannah Souers, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2324. Maura J Southwell, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2325. Hannah Space, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    2326. Alexia L Sparrow, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2327. Blaire Spaulding, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    2328. Kayla Spears, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    2329. Michael Clayton Speed, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    2330. Shannon B Spencer, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2331. Lauren Spicer, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2332. Preethy S Sridharan, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2333. Meghan K St. Cyr, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2334. Erika Stairs, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2335. Katelyn J Stanley, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    2336. Julie Stanton, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2337. John Starner, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2338. John Starnes, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2339. Beth Statler, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2340. Richard Stauffer, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    2341. Hernando Steidel, Pedagogy, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2342. Jackson Steinberg, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2343. Ivy J Stejskal, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2344. Oleg Stens, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2345. Rachel Sternberg, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2346. Leah Stetzel, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    2347. McKayla Stevens, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    2348. Joseph Charles Steward, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2349. Damion Stewart, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    2350. Eric Stewart, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    2351. Shawntavia Stewart, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2352. Julianne J Sticha, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    2353. Jennifer Stiles (Beane), Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    2354. Julia Stimpfl, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2355. Jonathan Stites, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2356. Timothy Stoddard, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2357. Kaitlyn Stoddart, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2358. Molly Storer, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    2359. Elizabeth K Storm, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2360. Emily Stowe, Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, United States
    2361. Andrew Straszewski, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    2362. Clark Straub, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2363. Zachary Streeter, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2364. William Strober, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2365. Alyssa Stubblefield, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    2366. Joseph Stukey, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    2367. Rachel Sturge, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, United States
    2368. Trevor Sughrue, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2369. Niles Sulkko, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2370. Matthew Sullivan, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    2371. Ryan Sullivan, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2372. David Sullivan, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    2373. Cassandra Sulski, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    2374. Grace Sundeen, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    2375. Nandini Surendranathan, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2376. Minnu H Suresh, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    2377. Jacob A Surges, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2378. Theresia Sutherlin, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    2379. Sarah Swalley, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2380. David Swartout, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2381. Elliot Swartz, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2382. Ramata Sy, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2383. Najah Syed, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2384. Cole Sylvester, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    2385. Charity Sylvester, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    2386. Jacqueline Synder, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2387. Mary R Szurgot, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2388. Marta Szyszka, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    2389. Shandee Tachick, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    2390. Kayla Taggard, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2391. Michael Taguiam, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2392. Kareen J Taha, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2393. Ahmed Tahseen, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2394. Katherine Tai, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2395. George Taishin, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2396. Shiori Takashima, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2397. Jordan Takasugi, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2398. Jaee Tamhane, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2399. Kathleen Tan, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2400. Tin-Yun Tang, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2401. Natalie Tanke, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    2402. Lucas Tans, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    2403. Brian Tarbox, Marine Science, Southern Maine Community College, South Portland, United States
    2404. Lubaba Tasnim, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2405. Devon Taylor, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2406. Rebecca Taylor, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    2407. Sarah Taylor, Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, United States
    2408. Barbara J Taylor, Integrative Biology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States
    2409. Warren Taylor, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    2410. Kristina Taynor, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    2411. Laura Teal, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    2412. Gavin L Teichman, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    2413. Shreya Tekumalla, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2414. David W Temme, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2415. Louise Temple, Integrated Science & Technology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, United States
    2416. Autumn Tendler, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2417. Mayra Terres, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2418. Treyc Terry, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    2419. Michael Teti, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    2420. Patricia M Thang, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2421. Franklin L Thelmo, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2422. Anapaula Themann, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2423. Monique Theriault, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    2424. Sarah Thibault, Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, United States
    2425. Arsema A Thomas, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2426. Ditte C Thomas, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2427. Sherwin Thomas, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2428. Athena Thomas, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2429. Jennifer Thomas, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2430. Katherine Thomas, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2431. Jasper V Thompson, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2432. Juri Thompson, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2433. Justin Thompson, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2434. Kayla Thompson, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2435. Sara Thompson, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    2436. Christopher Thompson, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    2437. Elyse Thompson, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    2438. Tasha Elizabeth Thompson, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2439. Cheng Tian, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2440. Taylor Tibbs, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    2441. Melissa Tighe, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    2442. Ainsley Timmel, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2443. Marsha W Timmermanm, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    2444. Jasmine Ming Jing Ting, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2445. Vishnu Tirumala, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2446. Margaret Tish, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    2447. Mehrgol Tiv, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    2448. Andrew Tobias, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2449. Deborah Tobiason, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    2450. Benjamin P Todd, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2451. Audrey Tolbert, Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, United States
    2452. Marc Tollis, Biology, CUNY, Queens College, Queens, United States
    2453. Skyler Tomisato, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2454. Brianne Tomko, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    2455. Alex Tonthat, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2456. Michael Torello, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2457. Melissa Torres, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    2458. Sarah Torres, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2459. Javier Torresdey, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2460. Elizabeth Toscan, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2461. Raymond Totah, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2462. Mariama Tounkara, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2463. Monica Towler, School of Science and Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College, Lawrenceville, United States
    2464. Colby Townsend, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2465. Cody Townsend, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2466. Khue Vi Tran, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2467. Quy T Tran, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2468. Brandon Tran, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2469. Connie Tran, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2470. Alexandra Treadaway, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2471. Marissa A Tremoglie, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2472. Kathryn Trentadue, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    2473. Mason Trieu, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2474. Clayton Trisler, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2475. Daryl R Trumbo, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2476. Quang Truong, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2477. Brendan Tsai, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    2478. Edwin Tsay, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2479. Jonathan Tsay, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2480. Chung Him Tse, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    2481. Lanya Tseng, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2482. Smaragdi Tsourapa, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    2483. Jonathan Tucker, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    2484. Joshua Tull, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2485. Jacqueline C Tully, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2486. Jessica Turen, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2487. Chelsey Turner, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    2488. Eric Turner, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2489. Paul Turner, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    2490. Sydnie Turner, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    2491. Beth Tuttle, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2492. Cassandra Tuttman, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2493. Joy L Twentyman, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2494. Dionne Ubungen, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2495. Dhruva Rajesh Udani, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2496. Neha Udayakumar, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2497. Yakntoro Udoumoh, Biology, Howard College, Washington, DC, United States
    2498. William Ueckermann, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    2499. Sharon Uhder, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2500. Kristin Ullberg, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    2501. Hannah Ullery, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2502. Miranda Ulmer, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    2503. Kendrick Underwood, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2504. Tyler J Uppstrom, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2505. Carl Urbinati, Biology, Loyola Marymount and University of Detroit, Los Angeles, United States
    2506. Eduardo Urias, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2507. Akif Uzman, Natural Sciences, University of Houston-Downtown, Houston, United States
    2508. Steven Valentino, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    2509. Lourdes Valenzuela, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2510. Andrew Valesano, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    2511. Braeden Van Deynze, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2512. David Van Doren, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    2513. Dylan van Krieken, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2514. Vanessa Van Tongel, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    2515. Rebecca Van Zanen, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2516. Alexis Vance, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    2517. Peter VandeHaar, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2518. Amy VanderStoep, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    2519. Zoe Vann, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2520. Cassie VanWynen, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    2521. Corina Vasquez, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2522. Josue Vasquez, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2523. Gwendolyn S Vasquez, Biology, Merrimack College, North Andover, United States
    2524. Tremain Vass, biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    2525. Anastasia Dmitrievna Vavilina, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2526. Edwin Vazquez, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2527. Alyssa Vecchio, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2528. Quinn C Vega, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2529. Rahulsimham Vegesna, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2530. Paola Vela, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2531. Rebecca Velasco, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2532. Kelsey Veldkamp, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2533. Mariano Velez, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    2534. Kara Venema, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2535. Marissa Venero, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2536. Yaamini Ranjani Venkataraman, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2537. Vaidehi Venkataraman, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2538. Kristen Verdoorn, Biology, Carthage College, Kenosha, United States
    2539. Jake Verduzco, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    2540. Daniel Vessells, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    2541. Breeze Victor, Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, United States
    2542. McElroy Victoria, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2543. Steven Vigil Roach, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2544. Janahan Vijanderan, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2545. Ammu Vijayakumar, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    2546. Aishwarya Vijayan, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2547. Albert Vill, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    2548. Erika Villa, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2549. Sabra Villa, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2550. Maria Virginia Villadiego-Punto, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    2551. Jose Villagomez, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2552. Ana Villanueva-Pereira, Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Cayey, Cayey, United States
    2553. Rachel Villegas, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2554. William Villella, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2555. Yvette Villero Martinez, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2556. Kelly Vining, Molecular and Cell Biology Program, Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States
    2557. Meredith Virk, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2558. Bhula Vishal, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2559. Nikita Vispute, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    2560. Victoria Viveen, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    2561. Melody Vo, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2562. Quynh Vo, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2563. Stephanie Vu, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2564. John Vu, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2565. Jamie Vulgamore, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    2566. Chiraag Vyas, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2567. Kristen Wade, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    2568. Marisa H Wagner, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2569. Shalia Wagner, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    2570. Ryan Wagner, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    2571. Abigail Waidelich, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2572. Andrew Wakefield, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    2573. Isaac Wakiro, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    2574. Tyler Walburn, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    2575. Erin Walch, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2576. Gretchen Walch, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2577. Angie Waldron, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, United States
    2578. Loni Walker, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    2579. Savannah Walker, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    2580. Brenden Wall, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    2581. Jasmine C Wall, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2582. Lauren Beth Waller, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2583. Rachel Walstead, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    2584. Rachel S Walter, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    2585. Dustin Walter, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    2586. Andy Yixun Wang, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2587. Da Wang, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    2588. Jay-Shing Wang, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2589. Judy Jingxuan Wang, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2590. Hao-Yi Wang, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    2591. Yuqi Wang, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2592. Vassie C Ware, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2593. John Robert Warner, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2594. David Warren, Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, United States
    2595. Samantha Warwar, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2596. Jacqueline M Washington, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    2597. William Waterstreet, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    2598. Colby Watkins, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2599. Laura C Watkins, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2600. Erin L Waugaman, Division of Natural and Health Sciences, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, United States
    2601. Brent Webb, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2602. Jessica Webb, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    2603. Marc Webb, biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    2604. Laurence Webb, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2605. Jeffrey Wei, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2606. Christine Weir, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2607. Emilie Weisser, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2608. Holly Welfley, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2609. Marie Wells, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    2610. Joshua Welsch, Biology, Hope College, Holland, United States
    2611. Braden Wenndt, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    2612. John T Wertz, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2613. Aliah S West, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    2614. Daniel Westholm, Biology, College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, United States
    2615. Kathryn Weston, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2616. Kathleen A Weston-Hafer, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2617. Victoria Westra, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2618. Abigail Whalen, Biology, Trinity College, Hartford, United States
    2619. Ellen Wheeler, Providence College, Providence, United States
    2620. James Wherley, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2621. Emily Whitaker, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    2622. Dakota White, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2623. Laura L White, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2624. Lamanuel White, biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    2625. Rebekah K White, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2626. Xander White, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2627. Stephen Whitfield, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    2628. Carmen Wickware, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    2629. Peter Widitz, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2630. Allison MD Wiedemeier, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2631. Sophia R Wienbar, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2632. Dion Wigfall, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    2633. Katherine Wikholm, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2634. Luke Wilde, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2635. William Wilde, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2636. Adrienne Wilen, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2637. Abigail Wilhelm, Biology, Culver-Stockton College, Canton, United States
    2638. Garrett Wilkerson, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2639. Kellyn Wilkes, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    2640. Chantelle Willette, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
    2641. Chandler Williams, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    2642. Ciera Williams, biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    2643. Devin M Williams, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
    2644. Drake Williams, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2645. Kristina Williams, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2646. Lauren H Williams, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2647. Madelaine Williams, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2648. Richard Williams, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    2649. Tyler Williams, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    2650. Sara Williams, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    2651. Kurt E Williamson, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, United States
    2652. Sarah M Williamson, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    2653. Whitney Willis, Biology, Ouachita Baptist University, Arkadelphia, United States
    2654. Monique Willoughby, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    2655. Alix C Wilson, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2656. Christine R Wilson, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2657. Elisa Wilson, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2658. John Wilson, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    2659. Trevor Wilson, Biology, College of Idaho, Caldwell, United States
    2660. Lauren Wilson, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    2661. Tyriana Wilson, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2662. Justin Wimberly, Biology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, United States
    2663. Danielle Winders, Ohio State University, Columbus, United States
    2664. Shane Wing, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2665. Sarah Winokur, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    2666. Victoria Marie Winslow, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2667. Hannah S Wirtshafter, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2668. Eric Witherspoon, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    2669. Evan Witt, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2670. Donna Wodarski, Science, Cabrini College, Radnor, United States
    2671. Meredith Wojcik, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    2672. Victoria Wolf, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    2673. Brooke Wolff, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    2674. Cody Wolterman, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2675. Michael J Wolyniak, Biology, Hampden-Sydney College, Farmville, United States
    2676. Adrienne Evelyn Wong, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2677. Chung Ki Wong, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2678. Stephanie Wood, University of Maine, Honors College, Orono, United States
    2679. Mitchell Woodford, Biology and Chemistry, Nyack College, Nyack, United States
    2680. Andrew Woodruff, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    2681. Avery Woods, Morehouse College, Atlanta, United States
    2682. Dayton Wooldridge, Washington State University, Pullman, United States
    2683. Michael Woolford, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2684. Cassandra Worner, Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, United States
    2685. Rebecka Worrell, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    2686. Michael J Wozny, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    2687. Nina Wren, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    2688. Brigham A Wright, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, United States
    2689. Bianca Wright, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2690. Heather E Wright, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2691. Spencer Wright, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, United States
    2692. Shelby Wright, Biology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, United States
    2693. Kathryn Wrobel, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2694. Cynthia E Wu, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2695. Hao Wu, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2696. Kit Wu, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2697. Xiangying Wu, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    2698. Jiewei Wu, Purdue University, West Lafayette, United States
    2699. Yi Shuan Wu, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2700. Jalyn Wurm, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    2701. Shacaria Wyke, biology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, United States
    2702. Kevin Wyllie, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2703. Kristen Wymore, Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, United States
    2704. Christian J Xander, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2705. Xiao Xiao, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    2706. Helen Xun, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2707. Anastaciya Yakovenko, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2708. Keianne Dale Yamada, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2709. Kyoko Yamaguchi, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2710. Keying Yan, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2711. Jonathan Yang, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2712. Sophia Yang, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    2713. Tsering Yangzom, Biological Sciences and Geology, Queensboro Community College, Bayside, United States
    2714. Rayce D Yanney, Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, United States
    2715. Tyler Yates, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2716. Chen Ye, Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, United States
    2717. Brandon Yee, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
    2718. Sarah Yeend, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2719. Daniel Yehdego, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2720. Justin Yen, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2721. Benjamin Yoder, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    2722. Amber Yohn, Montclair State University, Montclair, United States
    2723. Priscilla Yong, Biology, Smith College, Northampton, United States
    2724. Santiago Yori, Honors Program, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, United States
    2725. Alicia Young, Biology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, United States
    2726. Elizabeth Young, Biology, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States
    2727. Lauren K Young, Biology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, United States
    2728. Hannah Marie Youngwirth, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2729. Hussain Yousaf, University of Florida, Gainsville, United States
    2730. Jullie Yu, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2731. Victor Yu, Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
    2732. Eric Yu, Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, United States
    2733. Stefan Yu, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2734. Han Yuan, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2735. Christine Zabel, Microbiology and Biotechnology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States
    2736. Joleen Zackowski, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
    2737. David A Zaidins, Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    2738. Alice Zalan, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2739. Stephanie Zamora, Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, United States
    2740. Rachel Zarchy, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    2741. Michael V Zavorski, ISBT, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, United States
    2742. Mariam Zayed, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, United States
    2743. Franck Zeba, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    2744. Gerard Zegers, Environmental and Biological Science, University of Maine, Machias, Machias, United States
    2745. Michael Zehner, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2746. Lucas Zellmer, Biology, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, River Falls, United States
    2747. Manhao Zeng, Biology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, United States
    2748. Bruce H Zhang, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2749. Bo Zhang, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2750. Carolyn Min Zhang, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2751. Daiyuan Zhang, Natural Sciences, Del Mar College, Corpus Christi, United States
    2752. Hairong Zhang, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2753. James Zhang, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2754. Junhao Zhang, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States
    2755. Mitchell Jia Zhao, Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States
    2756. Alec Zimmer, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States
    2757. Zachary Zimmer, Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, United States
    2758. Anastasia M Zimmerman, Biology, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
    2759. Sarah Zimmermann, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, United States
    2760. Tai Zollars, Biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
    2761. Melina Y Zuniga, Biology, Spelman College, Atlanta, United States
  12. Phage Hunters Integrating Research and Education

    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.