There are three main theories on how human grasping movements are controlled. Two of them state that grip aperture and the movement of the hand are controlled. They differ in whether the wrist or the thumb of the hand is controlled. We have proposed a third theory, which states that grasping is a combination of two goal-directed single-digit movements, each directed at a specific position on the object. In this study, we test predictions based on each of the theories by examining the transfer of prism adaptation during single-digit pointing movements to grasping movements. We show that adaptation acquired during single-digit movements transfers to the hand opening when subsequently grasping objects, leaving the movement of the hand unaffected. Our results provide strong evidence for our theory that grasping with the thumb and index finger is based on a combination of two goal-directed single-digit movements.
- Jeroen BJ Smeets
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
Human subjects: This study was part of a research programme that has been approved by the Ethische Commissie Bewegingswetenschappen (ECB 2006-02). All participants gave their informed consent before participating in this study.
- Richard Ivry, Reviewing Editor, University of California, Berkeley, United States
- Received: September 11, 2016
- Accepted: September 9, 2017
- Accepted Manuscript published: September 11, 2017 (version 1)
© 2017, Schot et al.
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