Figure 2—figure supplement 1. | Admixture into and within sub-Saharan Africa

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Admixture into and within sub-Saharan Africa

Figure 2—figure supplement 1.

Affiliation details

Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, United Kingdom; Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom; Medical Research Council Unit, The Gambia; Royal Victoria Teaching Hospital, The Gambia; Centre National de Recherche et de Formation sur le Paludisme, Burkina Faso; University of Rome La Sapienza, Italy; Navrongo Health Research Centre, Ghana; Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana; University of Buea, Cameroon; KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kenya; Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tanzania; London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom; College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Malawi; University of Bamako, Mali
Figure 2—figure supplement 1.
Download figureOpen in new tabFigure 2—figure supplement 1. Haplotypic analysis of populations from the Central West Africa ancestry region accesses fine-scale population differentiation.

Here we show a comparison of principal components analysis (PCA), which uses genotype data, with fineSTRUCTURE, which uses haplotypic information in the form of painted chromosomes. The five plots in the top panel show the results of the main PCA based on genotype data. Symbols represent individuals and are detailed in the legend. PC3 differentiates the Yoruba from other groups in the region, but individuals from Central West Africa overlap at the remaining PCs, suggesting close genealogical relationships between individuals. The lower panel shows the results of the chromosome painting analysis, which we used with fineSTRUCTURE, where all individuals were allowed to copy from all other individuals. The rows of the heatmap represent un-normalised, individual copying vectors, with the mean number of chunks copied from each donor region as columns. Subtle differences in the copying of individuals from each of the five Central West African groups can be seen, which fineSTRUCTURE uses to cluster individuals into four clusters. We show a close-up of the fineSTRUCTURE tree from Figure 1 on the right of the bottom panel. Each group separates into its own cluster, with the exception of two of the groups from Ghana, the Kasem and Namkam, which are put in the same fineSTRUCTURE cluster.