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26 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    RNA polymerase mutations cause cephalosporin resistance in clinical Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates

    Samantha G Palace et al.
    Ceftriaxone resistance has arisen multiple times in clinical gonococcal populations via previously undescribed RNA polymerase mutations, underscoring the importance of continued surveillance for novel resistance determinants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Coupling of remote alternating-access transport mechanisms for protons and substrates in the multidrug efflux pump AcrB

    Thomas Eicher et al.
    A transport mechanism is uncovered in the major drug-efflux system in E. coli involving two remote alternating-access conformational cycles, which could provide the basis for the development of allosteric inhibitors against multidrug resistance.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary pathways to antibiotic resistance are dependent upon environmental structure and bacterial lifestyle

    Alfonso Santos-Lopez et al.
    Bacteria growing in biofilms evolve antimicrobial resistance via different pathways and generate greater genetic diversity than well-mixed populations, selecting fitter but less resistant genotypes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transmission dynamics and control of multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in neonates in a developing country

    Thomas Crellen et al.
    Colonisation with resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in a Cambodian neonatal unit is driven by person-to-person transmission, transmissibility varies by sequence type, and antibiotic consumption generally increases the risk of acquisition.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Inter-Fork Strand Annealing causes genomic deletions during the termination of DNA replication

    Carl A Morrow et al.
    The discovery of a mechanism that causes DNA deletions during non-canonical DNA replication termination is described.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural circuitry coordinating male copulation

    Hania J Pavlou et al.
    A circuit consisting of motor neurons, inhibitory interneurons and mechanosensory neurons controls copulatory behaviour in male fruit flies.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    CytoCensus, mapping cell identity and division in tissues and organs using machine learning

    Martin Hailstone et al.
    Easy-to-use image analysis software enables single cell quantitation of cell types and division rates in complex 3D tissues including living Drosophila brains, mouse embryos and Zebrafish organoids.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Negative regulation of conserved RSL class I bHLH transcription factors evolved independently among land plants

    Suvi Honkanen et al.
    An ancient and conserved genetic mechanism for cell differentiation is under distinct negative regulation in different lineages of land plants.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The distribution of antibiotic use and its association with antibiotic resistance

    Scott W Olesen et al.
    Population-level antibiotic resistance correlates with the breadth of antibiotic use, that is, the proportion of people taking an antibiotic, better than with intensity of use the amount of use among users.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Epidemiology and burden of multidrug-resistant bacterial infection in a developing country

    Cherry Lim et al.
    The burden of antimicrobial resistance in Thailand is deteriorating over time, and 19,122 deaths in the country in 2010 were excess deaths caused by multidrug-resistant bacterial infection.

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