Browse our latest Biochemistry and Chemical Biology articles

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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Biosynthetic tailoring of existing ascaroside pheromones alters their biological function in C. elegans

    Yue Zhou et al.
    In response to starvation, C. elegans converts a favorable pheromone that induces aggregation to an unfavorable one that induces a stress-resistant larval stage, thereby altering its chemical message without having to synthesize new pheromones de novo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dual tRNA mimicry in the Cricket Paralysis Virus IRES uncovers an unexpected similarity with the Hepatitis C Virus IRES

    Vera P Pisareva et al.
    A conformational change in the Cricket Paralysis Virus IRES upon double translocation in the ribosome uncovers an unexpected similarity with the Hepatitis C Virus IRES.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Crystallographic observation of nonenzymatic RNA primer extension

    Wen Zhang et al.
    Time resolved crystal structures reveal the binding of activated monomers to the template, followed by generation of the imidazolium-bridged dinucleotide intermediate, and finally formation of a phosphodiester bond between the primer and the adjacent monomer.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    RNA World: Visualizing primer extension without enzymes

    John C Chaput
    X-ray crystallography has been used to observe the synthesis of RNA in the absence of enzymes with atomic resolution.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Modulation of formin processivity by profilin and mechanical tension

    Luyan Cao et al.
    Profilin helps to maintain formin at the growing barbed end of an actin filament, while piconewton mechanical tension drastically enhances formin dissociation from the barbed end.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Synthetic single domain antibodies for the conformational trapping of membrane proteins

    Iwan Zimmermann et al.
    Synthetic single domain antibody libraries and a binder selection cascade encompassing ribosome and phage display enable the selection of conformation-specific binders against previously intractable membrane proteins within three weeks.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Novel transgenic pigs with enhanced growth and reduced environmental impact

    Xianwei Zhang et al.
    Transgenic expression of glucanase, xylanase and phytase in pigs enhances growth performance and reduces nitrogen/phosphorus emission, and offers a very valuable biological strategy for sustainable resource utilization and environmental protection in the pork industry.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Pollution: Transgenic pigs to the rescue

    Björn Petersen
    Genetically engineered pigs that digest their food better could help to reduce phosphorus and nitrogen pollution.
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