Browse our latest Biochemistry and Chemical Biology articles

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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Identification of PARP-7 substrates reveals a role for MARylation in microtubule control in ovarian cancer cells

    Lavanya H Palavalli Parsons et al.
    PARP-7 is a mono(ADP-ribosyl) transferase that directs an extensive ADP-ribosylated proteome to control microtubule stability, and regulate ovarian cancer cell growth and motility.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    To lie or not to lie: Super-relaxing with myosins

    Suman Nag, Darshan V Trivedi
    A perspective of the energy-sparing super-relaxed state of myosin and its evolutionary role in modulating skeletal and cardiac muscle power under different physiological and pathophysiological perturbations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and mechanism of a phage-encoded SAM lyase revises catalytic function of enzyme family

    Xiaohu Guo et al.
    The first structure of a bacteriophage-encoded S-adenosyl methionine degrading enzyme was solved and demonstrated to catalyze a unimolecular lyase reaction occurring at the domain interface of a trimeric structure.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Membrane-partitioned cell wall synthesis in mycobacteria

    Alam García-Heredia et al.
    Mycobacteria employ plasma membrane compartments to organize their cell wall synthesis, and the finalized cell wall compartmentalizes the plasma membrane to promote an environment conducive to its own synthesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Medicine

    Iron derived from autophagy-mediated ferritin degradation induces cardiomyocyte death and heart failure in mice

    Jumpei Ito et al.
    Iron derived from autophagy-mediated ferritin degradation in response to pressure overload induces lipid peroxidation, necrotic cardiomyocyte death, and heart failure in mice.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mutations in SKI in Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome lead to attenuated TGF-β responses through SKI stabilization

    Ilaria Gori et al.
    The mechanism underlying Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome is solved and reveals that missense mutations in the transcriptional repressor SKI abolish ligand-induced SKI degradation, which results in attenuation of TGF-β transcriptional responses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A novel motif of Rad51 serves as an interaction hub for recombination auxiliary factors

    Negar Afshar et al.
    Although Rad51 is the central protein involved in recombinational DNA repair, multiple auxiliary factors potentiate its activity by binding to a single, evolutionarily conserved motif.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Medicine

    The half-life of the bone-derived hormone osteocalcin is regulated through O-glycosylation in mice, but not in humans

    Omar Al Rifai et al.
    In mice, but not in humans, the bone-derived hormone osteocalcin is O-glycosylated, a post-translational modification controlling its half-life in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Medicine

    Bone Hormones: Survival of the glycosylated

    Harry C Blair, Paul H Schlesinger
    Osteocalcin is a bone matrix protein that acts like a hormone when it reaches the blood, and has different effects in mice and humans.
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