Browse our latest Biochemistry and Chemical Biology articles

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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Consensus designs and thermal stability determinants of a human glutamate transporter

    Erica Cirri et al.
    A fast evolutionary approach to engineer membrane protein kinetic stability yields folded excitatory neurotransmitter transporters and provides insights into their denaturing pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Functional trade-offs and environmental variation shaped ancient trajectories in the evolution of dim-light vision

    Gianni M Castiglione, Belinda SW Chang
    The evolution of the light-sensitive visual pigment rhodopsin involved functional tradeoffs that may have sacrificed rod photosensitivity for active-state protein stability to mitigate phototoxicity in tetrapods, but not in fishes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Affinity capture of polyribosomes followed by RNAseq (ACAPseq), a discovery platform for protein-protein interactions

    Xi Peng et al.
    Affinity capture of polyribosomes followed by RNAseq(ACAPSeq) is a technique that harnesses massively parallel sequencing to identify protein-protein interactions from any source from which polyribosomes can be purified.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Peptidoglycan precursor synthesis along the sidewall of pole-growing mycobacteria

    Alam García-Heredia et al.
    Peptidoglycan precursor synthesis occurs in both growing and non-growing regions of the mycobacterial cell surface.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    UBE2G1 governs the destruction of cereblon neomorphic substrates

    Gang Lu et al.
    Cereblon-based small-molecule degraders rely on the sequential action of ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes UBE2G1 and UBE2D3 to assemble K48-linked polyubiquitin chains on cereblon neomorphic substrates, resulting in their proteasomal degradation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Yeast Ded1 promotes 48S translation pre-initiation complex assembly in an mRNA-specific and eIF4F-dependent manner

    Neha Gupta et al.
    Yeast RNA helicase Ded1 stimulates ribosome recruitment of structure-laden native mRNAs in a reconstituted system by interactions between domains in Ded1 and initiation factor eIF4G that stabilizes a Ded1-eIF4F complex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    BRCT domains of the DNA damage checkpoint proteins TOPBP1/Rad4 display distinct specificities for phosphopeptide ligands

    Matthew Day et al.
    Structural and biochemical analyses of BRCT domain interactions defines TOPBP1/Rad4 selectivity for phosphorylated motifs, allowing identification of new interactions, and providing insights into assembly of different TOPBP1-scaffolded DNA repair complexes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Multiple serine transposase dimers assemble the transposon-end synaptic complex during IS607-family transposition

    Wenyang Chen et al.
    Genetic, structural, and biochemical analyses of IS607-family transposons shows that the DNA translocation reaction proceeds very differently from other reactions promoted by serine recombinases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Enhanced ER proteostasis and temperature differentially impact the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin

    Angela M Phillips et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum proteostasis factors enhance the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin, a model secretory pathway protein and therapeutic target, particularly improving the fitness of temperature-sensitive variants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures reveal opening of the store-operated calcium channel Orai

    Xiaowei Hou et al.
    The structure of the calcium channel Orai in an open conformation reveals a dilated pore and gives insight into mechanisms of ion permeation and calcium selectivity.