Browse our latest Biochemistry and Chemical Biology articles

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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    RNA-Binding Proteins: A matter of balance

    Aaron D Gitler, John D Fryer
    New analyses shift the view that some forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia are due to defects in a single RNA-binding protein.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A discriminator code–based DTD surveillance ensures faithful glycine delivery for protein biosynthesis in bacteria

    Santosh Kumar Kuncha et al.
    Using bioinformatic and biochemical approaches, the study has explained the discriminator base anomaly in bacterial tRNA(Gly) through identification of the key determinant of DTD specificity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    An assay for de novo kinetochore assembly reveals a key role for the CENP-T pathway in budding yeast

    Jackie Lang et al.
    An assay to assemble kinetochores de novo was developed and used to identify the role of the CENP-T pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The Peptidisc, a simple method for stabilizing membrane proteins in detergent-free solution

    Michael Luke Carlson et al.
    A simple, yet elegant method for robust self-assembly of diverse membrane proteins into soluble peptide nanoparticles for their structural and functional analysis in detergent-free solutions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Efficient analysis of mammalian polysomes in cells and tissues using Ribo Mega-SEC

    Harunori Yoshikawa et al.
    Translationally active polysomes from mammalian cells/tissues are successfully separated with rapidity, high efficiency and exceptional reproducibility by a SEC-based approach, an accessible alternative to the conventional sucrose density gradient analysis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Pharmacologic ATF6 activating compounds are metabolically activated to selectively modify endoplasmic reticulum proteins

    Ryan Paxman et al.
    The small molecule, 147, is a pro-drug that preferentially activates ATF6 signaling through a mechanism involving localized metabolic activation and selective covalent modification of ER resident proteins involved in regulating ATF6 activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Receptor-mediated dimerization of JAK2 FERM domains is required for JAK2 activation

    Ryan D Ferrao et al.
    An intracellular cytokine receptor 'switch' motif is critical for the dimerization of JAK2 and activation of the JAK2 kinase.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A selective gut bacterial bile salt hydrolase alters host metabolism

    Lina Yao et al.
    The deletion of a single gene encoding a selective bile salt hydrolase from the abundant human gut bacterium Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron significantly alters host metabolism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Distinct and evolutionary conserved structural features of the human nuclear exosome complex

    Piotr Gerlach et al.
    Cryo-EM structure and biochemical characterization of the human nuclear exosome reveals its specific properties with respect to the yeast complex, underscoring the evolutionary conservation of the RNA-channeling mechanisms and hMTR4 helicase recruitment.