Browse our latest Chromosomes and Gene Expression articles

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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A conserved filamentous assembly underlies the structure of the meiotic chromosome axis

    Alan MV West et al.
    Meiotic chromosome axis 'core' proteins from fungi, plants, and mammals form a conserved filament architecture, and use a common mechanism to recruit HORMAD proteins for meiotic recombination control.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    Individual long non-coding RNAs have no overt functions in zebrafish embryogenesis, viability and fertility

    Mehdi Goudarzi et al.
    Defining the biological functions of long non-coding RNAs, individually or as a class, and teasing apart the role of underlying genomic sequences remains the biggest challenge for this field.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An ancient germ cell-specific RNA-binding protein protects the germline from cryptic splice site poisoning

    Ingrid Ehrmann et al.
    Cell division by meiosis during sperm production depends on expression of an RNA-binding protein that prevents abnormal RNA-processing pathways.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    CtIP forms a tetrameric dumbbell-shaped particle which bridges complex DNA end structures for double-strand break repair

    Oliver J Wilkinson et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of human CtIP provides new insights into DNA break recognition, binding and bridging during homologous recombination.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    PLZF targets developmental enhancers for activation during osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells

    Shuchi Agrawal Singh et al.
    A key transcription-factor for osteogenic differentiation, PLZF, acts as a transcriptional activator by binding to active developmental enhancers and facilitates mediator recruitment, but is not involved in enhancer looping.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The elemental mechanism of transcriptional pausing

    Jason Saba et al.
    Biochemical analyses of transcription complexes, including kinetic studies and probes of translocational and conformational states, establish the elemental mechanism of pausing, which underlies regulation of gene expression in all organisms.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Fine-mapping cis-regulatory variants in diverse human populations

    Ashley Tehranchi et al.
    A map of the genetic variants affecting chromatin accessibility in 1000 individuals from 10 diverse populations reveals how cis-regulatory variants impact transcription and disease.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Meiotic drive of female-inherited supernumerary chromosomes in a pathogenic fungus

    Michael Habig et al.
    Female-inherited supernumerary chromosomes that lack a male-inherited homolog are transmitted to all meiotic products instead of the expected half, which indicates an additional amplification of unpaired chromosomes during meiosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cisplatin-induced DNA double-strand breaks promote meiotic chromosome synapsis in PRDM9-controlled mouse hybrid sterility

    Liu Wang et al.
    The exogenous DNA DSBs improve meiotic chromosome pairing in mouse inter-subspecific hybrids, thus providing an evidence for a DSB-dependent mechanism of the PRDM9-controlled synapsis failure and infertility.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Role of the pre-initiation complex in Mediator recruitment and dynamics

    Elisabeth R Knoll et al.
    Genome-wide recruitment of Mediator and Pol II is reduced in yeast lacking the Med2-Med3-Med15 tail module triad, and Mediator association with gene promoters depends on Pol II, Taf1, and TBP.