Browse our latest Evolutionary Biology articles

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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Dinosaurs: A new, ‘hip’ way to breathe

    Marc R Spencer
    Ornithischians, one of the three major groups of dinosaurs, developed a unique mechanism to ensure airflow in the lungs.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A new Heterodontosaurus specimen elucidates the unique ventilatory macroevolution of ornithischian dinosaurs

    Viktor J Radermacher et al.
    A new specimen of Heterodontosaurus elucidates how ornithischian dinosaurs evolved a body plan substantially different from that of other dinosaurs and what these differences meant for their breathing.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Novel neuroanatomical integration and scaling define avian brain shape evolution and development

    Akinobu Watanabe et al.
    More integrated brains in crown birds evolved through a mosaic assembly of new evolutionary and developmental dynamics across neuroanatomical regions that occurred along the dinosaur-bird transition.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Connectional asymmetry of the inferior parietal lobule shapes hemispheric specialization in humans, chimpanzees, and rhesus macaques

    Luqi Cheng et al.
    Humans showed the most widespread asymmetric connectivity between the inferior parietal lobule subregions and the rest of the brain compared to macaques and chimpanzees, which shapes hemispheric specialization in primates.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Broad geographic sampling reveals the shared basis and environmental correlates of seasonal adaptation in Drosophila

    Heather E Machado et al.
    Seasonal selection is a general feature of Drosophila melanogaster genetic variation, occurring in North American and European populations and affecting large proportions of the genome.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An evolutionary model identifies the main evolutionary biases for the evolution of genome-replication profiles

    Rossana Droghetti et al.
    Mathematical modeling and data analysis show that, over evolutionary times, the yeast temporal program of replication strives to avoid stalling events and minimize interference between neighbor origins.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Understanding the evolution of multiple drug resistance in structured populations

    David V McLeod, Sylvain Gandon
    The evolution of multidrug resistance can be most easily understood by focusing upon the dynamical equations of linkage disequilibrium.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Early maternal loss leads to short- but not long-term effects on diurnal cortisol slopes in wild chimpanzees

    Cédric Girard-Buttoz et al.
    Wild chimpanzees contrast to humans since adult male chimpanzees do not exhibit physiological indicators of biological embedding of the stress associated to maternal loss early in life.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Myoglobin primary structure reveals multiple convergent transitions to semi-aquatic life in the world's smallest mammalian divers

    Kai He et al.
    Ancestral sequence reconstruction of an essential muscle protein involved in oxygen storage and transport accurately tracks secondary aquatic transitions in a speciose clade of insectivorous mammals.