Browse our latest Immunology and Inflammation articles

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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    HDAC3 restrains CD8-lineage genes to maintain a bi-potential state in CD4+CD8+ thymocytes for CD4-lineage commitment

    Rachael Laura Philips et al.
    CD4 lineage commitment requires HDAC3 to prevent premature upregulation of CD8 lineage genes during T cell development.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A herpesvirus encoded Qa-1 mimic inhibits natural killer cell cytotoxicity through CD94/NKG2A receptor engagement

    Xiaoli Wang et al.
    Rodent herpesvirus Peru overcomes NK ‘missing-self’ killing using a non-classical MHC-I like protein resistant todownregulation by its own ubiquitin ligase that potently sabotages antigen presentation to T-cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    TAPBPR mediates peptide dissociation from MHC class I using a leucine lever

    F Tudor Ilca et al.
    Immunopeptidomics in combination with novel cell-based assays that assess peptide exchange reveal a critical role for the K22-D35 loop of TAPBPR in mediating peptide dissociation and peptide selection on MHC I.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A novel pathway of LPS uptake through syndecan-1 leading to pyroptotic cell death

    Shigetoshi Yokoyama et al.
    A novel pathway was discovered for cellular uptake of LPS through secretory protein secretoglobin3A2 and a receptor syndecan-1, causing activation of non-canonical inflammasome pathway leading to pyroptosis of cancer cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium-specific atypical memory B cells are short-lived activated B cells

    Damián Pérez-Mazliah et al.
    Plasmodium-specific atypical memory B cells generated to naturally (mosquito) transmitted rodent malaria infection are short-lived activated B cells, and do not prevent resolution of infection or generation of long-lived memory.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A bacterial immunomodulatory protein with lipocalin-like domains facilitates host–bacteria mutualism in larval zebrafish

    Annah S Rolig et al.
    Discovery of a secreted protein from resident gut bacteria that reduced intestinal innate immune responses which would otherwise simultaneously compromise both bacterial and host survival.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gut Microbiome: Everyone wins

    Renata C Matos, François Leulier
    Aeromonas bacteria living in the gut of zebrafish produce a specific molecule to pacify the immune system of their host.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The allosteric activation of cGAS underpins its dynamic signaling landscape

    Richard M Hooy, Jungsan Sohn
    Rigorous biophysical studies reconcile several conflicting views on how cGAS is activated, and present a new unifying allosteric activation mechanism.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Context-enriched interactome powered by proteomics helps the identification of novel regulators of macrophage activation

    Arda Halu et al.
    Enriching the interactome with context-specific information from proteomics helps the identification of novel regulators of macrophage activation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Concerted IL-25R and IL-4Rα signaling drive innate type 2 effector immunity for optimal helminth expulsion

    Katherine A Smith et al.
    Immune expulsion of helminth parasites is driven by two key pathways mediated by soluble cytokines ligating to the IL-4 and IL-25 receptors acting on innate effector cells throughout the course of infection.