Browse our latest Immunology and Inflammation articles

Page 3 of 22
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CRIg, a tissue-resident macrophage specific immune checkpoint molecule, promotes immunological tolerance in NOD mice, via a dual role in effector and regulatory T cells

    Xiaomei Yuan et al.
    Tissue-resident macrophages sense environmental cues and regulate adaptive immunity via an immune checkpoint molecule CRIg.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The somatically generated portion of T cell receptor CDR3α contributes to the MHC allele specificity of the T cell receptor

    Philippa Marrack et al.
    The alleles of the major histocompatibility complex present in an individual affect the sequences, including, surprisingly, the nongerm line encoded amino acids, of the receptors on T cells that allow recognition of antigens.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    IRAK2 directs stimulus-dependent nuclear export of inflammatory mRNAs

    Hao Zhou et al.
    The stimulation of lipopolysaccharides induced nuclear localization of IRAK2 to facilitate nuclear export of a specific subset of inflammation-related messenger RNAs for translation in murine macrophages.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CpG and UpA dinucleotides in both coding and non-coding regions of echovirus 7 inhibit replication initiation post-entry

    Jelke Jan Fros et al.
    RNA virus replication is attenuated by an intrinsic restriction mechanism after introducing CpG/UpA dinucleotides into both non-translated and coding regions of viral genomes, which may be exploited in the design of attenuated virus vaccines.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Major transcriptional changes observed in the Fulani, an ethnic group less susceptible to malaria

    Jaclyn E Quin et al.
    Examining gene expression in the Fulani, an ethnic group relatively protected from malaria, identifies a more transcriptionally reactive response in cells of the innate immune system.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    High mTOR activity is a hallmark of reactive natural killer cells and amplifies early signaling through activating receptors

    Antoine Marçais et al.
    Chronic engagement of Natural killer cell inhibitory receptors by MHC-I molecules maintains a high activity of the mTOR pathway allowing subsequent amplification of signaling through activating receptors upon acute stimulation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Crucial role for T cell-intrinsic IL-18R-MyD88 signaling in cognate immune response to intracellular parasite infection

    Ana-Carolina Oliveira et al.
    Development of a robust Th1 response to infection against an intracellular parasite requires T-cell intrinsic MyD88 signaling, mostly through the upstream IL-18 receptor, for the induction of genes involved in proliferation, cytokine production and migration.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A potent human neutralizing antibody Fc-dependently reduces established HBV infections

    Dan Li et al.
    A novel and potent receptor-binding-blockage human neutralizing antibody prevents HBV infection, and suppresses HBV infection therapeutically in HBV-infected mice.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The complex relationship of exposure to new Plasmodium infections and incidence of clinical malaria in Papua New Guinea

    Natalie E Hofmann et al.
    Under sustained malaria control in PNG, the incidence of distinct blood-stage infections quantifies heterogeneity in transmission, significantly predicting risk of both P. falciparum and P. vivax malaria episodes at a population and individual scale.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Modulation of occluding junctions alters the hematopoietic niche to trigger immune activation

    Rohan J Khadilkar et al.
    Occluding-junctions form a permeability barrier around the hematopoietic niche in Drosophila that controls the production of immune cells in response to infection by shaping the signalling micro-environment produced by the niche.