Table 2. | High performance communication by people with paralysis using an intracortical brain-computer interface

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High performance communication by people with paralysis using an intracortical brain-computer interface

Table 2.

Affiliation details

Stanford University, United States; Emory University and Georgia Institute of Technology, United States; Emory University, United States; Massachusetts General Hospital, United States; Brown University, United States; Rehabilitation R&D Service, Department of VA Medical Center, United States; Case Western Reserve University, United States; Louis Stokes VA Medical Center, United States; Harvard Medical School, United States
Table 2.

Participants’ prior BCI experience and training for studies considered in Table 1. The experience column details the number of participants in the respective study that had prior experience with BCIs at the time of the study and, if reported, the duration of that prior experience and/or training.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.18554.024

StudyParticipant(s)BCI experience/training
This studyaverage
(N = 3)
1 year
‘‘T61.5 years
‘‘T59 prior sessions (1 month)
‘‘T71.5 years
Bacher et al., 2015S34.3 years
Jarosiewicz et al., 2015average
(N=4)
2 years
‘‘T610 months to 2.3 years
‘‘T75.5 months to 1.2 years
‘‘S35.2 years
‘‘T24.6 months
Nijboer et al., 2008N = 4At least 4–10 months
Townsend et al., 2010N = 3All had prior P300 BCIs at home, two had at least 2.5 years with BCIs
Münßinger et al., 2010N = 3Two of three had prior experience, training not reported
Mugler, et al. 2010N = 3Average experience of 3.33 years
Pires et al., 2011N = 4No prior experience, training not reported
Pires et al., 2012N = 14Not reported
Sellers et al., 2014N = 1Prior experience not reported, thirteen months of continuous evaluation
McCane et al., 2015N = 14Not reported
Mainsah et al., 2015N = 10Prior experience not reported, two weeks to two months of evaluation
Vansteensel et al., 2016N = 17 to 9 months