786 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed genome editing of the omega-1 ribonuclease of the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni

    Wannaporn Ittiprasert et al.
    Gene knock-out of the omega-1 ribonuclease of Schistosoma mansoni eggs resulted in immunologically impaired phenotype, showcasing the novel application of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and utility for functional genomics in schistosomes.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Distinct contributions of the thin and thick filaments to length-dependent activation in heart muscle

    Xuemeng Zhang et al.
    The Frank–Starling law of the heart and its underlying mechanism of length-dependent activation involve distinctive structural changes in both the thin and thick filaments of cardiac muscle cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    TRPV4 is the temperature-sensitive ion channel of human sperm

    Nadine Mundt et al.
    The molecular identity of the temperature-sensitive ion channel of human sperm that ensures depolarization is TRPV4.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Investigating molecular crowding within nuclear pores using polarization-PALM

    Guo Fu et al.
    The super-resolution fluorescence microscopy approach polarization PALM (p-PALM) reveals that macromolecular crowding and inhomogeneity within nuclear pores generate a structurally and dynamically complex permeability barrier.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cellular interpretation of the long-range gradient of Four-jointed activity in the Drosophila wing

    Rosalind Hale et al.
    Opposing gradients of Fat and Dachsous phosphorylation are sufficient to explain the observed pattern of Fat-Dachsous planar polarisation across the Drosophila wing.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Reciprocal and dynamic polarization of planar cell polarity core components and myosin

    Erin Newman-Smith et al.
    Planar cell polarity (PCP) components and myosin show a parallel temporal polarization in the Ciona notochord and the mutual interaction between these proteins is required for proper tissue-wide polarity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Symmetry breaking in reconstituted actin cortices

    Enas Abu Shah, Kinneret Keren
    A reconstituted system has been developed that self-organizes into dynamic actin cortices capable of spontaneous polarization, similar to the initial cortical polarization observed in cells during embryogenesis and development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Zeb1 controls neuron differentiation and germinal zone exit by a mesenchymal-epithelial-like transition

    Shalini Singh et al.
    Neuronal progenitor cells autonomously inhibit polarization via the transcription factor Zeb1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Microtubules provide directional information for core PCP function

    Maja Matis et al.
    The Fat/Dachsous/Four-jointed (Ft/Ds/Fj) system provides a spatial signal to organize core PCP proteins via the polarization of microtubules.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Modularity and determinants of a (bi-)polarization control system from free-living and obligate intracellular bacteria

    Matthieu Bergé et al.
    Common ancestries, activities and structural determinants of a modular (bi-)polarization control system encoded in free-living and obligate intracellular α-proteobacteria, including the rickettsial pathogens, are described.

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