2,618 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Dna2 nuclease-helicase structure, mechanism and regulation by Rpa

    Chun Zhou et al.
    X-ray crystallography reveals that the Dna2 nuclease-helicase contains a long tunnel through which single-stranded DNA threads, and an allosteric mechanism for displacing the DNA-binding protein Rpa that restricts cleavage to the proper polarity.
    1. Neuroscience

    UP-DOWN cortical dynamics reflect state transitions in a bistable network

    Daniel Jercog et al.
    Population cortical recordings and computational network modeling support a novel mechanism underlying spontaneous UP-DOWN dynamics consisting on non-rhythmic transitions between a silent attractor and a low-rate inhibition-stabilized attractor.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CpG and UpA dinucleotides in both coding and non-coding regions of echovirus 7 inhibit replication initiation post-entry

    Jelke Jan Fros et al.
    RNA virus replication is attenuated by an intrinsic restriction mechanism after introducing CpG/UpA dinucleotides into both non-translated and coding regions of viral genomes, which may be exploited in the design of attenuated virus vaccines.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of the scale-up of piped water on urogenital schistosomiasis infection in rural South Africa

    Frank Tanser et al.
    Scale-up of safe water supplies decreases a child's risk of urogenital schistosomiasis infection by eight-fold in a typical rural African population.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    RNA virus attenuation by codon pair deoptimisation is an artefact of increases in CpG/UpA dinucleotide frequencies

    Fiona Tulloch et al.
    Attenuating candidate live virus vaccines by incorporating unfavoured codon pairs to reduce translation efficiency is actually mediated though changes in frequencies of CpG and UpA dinucleotides, which make viruses more visible to the innate immune system.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    National and regional seasonal dynamics of all-cause and cause-specific mortality in the USA from 1980 to 2016

    Robbie M Parks et al.
    All parts of the USA are similarly adapted to temperature seasonality, although mortality seasonality, and how it has changed since the 1980s, depend on age and sex.
    1. Cell Biology

    SUMO peptidase ULP-4 regulates mitochondrial UPR-mediated innate immunity and lifespan extension

    Kaiyu Gao et al.
    SUMOylation regulates mitochondrial UPR signaling through modulation of transcription factors DVE-1 and ATFS-1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cdc48-like protein of actinobacteria (Cpa) is a novel proteasome interactor in mycobacteria and related organisms

    Michal Ziemski et al.
    Cdc48-like protein of actinobacteria (Cpa) is a AAA+ proteasomal interactor involved in adaptation of mycobacteria to carbon limitation and potentially influencing ribosomal composition of the cell.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociable laminar profiles of concurrent bottom-up and top-down modulation in the human visual cortex

    Samuel JD Lawrence et al.
    Neural activity in the visual system is increased in different layers of the neocortex for bottom-up and top-down modulations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Protein translocation channel of mitochondrial inner membrane and matrix-exposed import motor communicate via two-domain coupling protein

    Rupa Banerjee et al.
    Two domains of the peripheral membrane protein Tim44 interact with two different sectors of a translocase to coordinate the translocation of proteins across the inner mitochondrial membrane.

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