182 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Impaired lysosomal acidification triggers iron deficiency and inflammation in vivo

    King Faisal Yambire et al.
    Impaired lysosomal acidification results in retention of iron inside lysosomes, triggering functional iron deficiency, dysfunctional mitochondria (especially mtDNA loss), and inflammation in vivo in a mouse model of lysosomal disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Clathrin coat controls synaptic vesicle acidification by blocking vacuolar ATPase activity

    Zohreh Farsi et al.
    Parallel measurements of pH gradient and membrane potential at the single vesicle level have revealed that the synaptic vesicle acidification is initiated by removal of its clathrin coat, which blocks vesicular ATPase activity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    BK channel inhibition by strong extracellular acidification

    Yu Zhou et al.
    Analysis of iconic and gating currents of wild type and mutated BK channels reveals a strong inhibition of this channel by extracellular acidification and elucidates the underlying mechanism that is potentially applicable to other voltage-dependent cation channels.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    TIR1/AFB-Aux/IAA auxin perception mediates rapid cell wall acidification and growth of Arabidopsis hypocotyls

    Matyáš Fendrych et al.
    The nuclear pathway for auxin perception is responsible for the rapid auxin-induced cell wall acidification and growth of aerial organs of plants.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Degradation of engulfed mitochondria is rate-limiting in Optineurin-mediated mitophagy in neurons

    Chantell S Evans, Erika LF Holzbaur
    In neuronal mitophagy, Parkin and OPTN induce efficient sequestration of damaged somal mitochondria into autophagosomes, but slow turnover via lysosomal acidification may be a point of vulnerability for the cell.
    1. Cell Biology

    H+- and Na+- elicited rapid changes of the microtubule cytoskeleton in the biflagellated green alga Chlamydomonas

    Yi Liu et al.
    Acidification and salt, which are two major stresses caused by environmental changes, swiftly and drastically alter the microtubule system in green algae and likely many other organisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two central pattern generators from the crab, Cancer borealis, respond robustly and differentially to extreme extracellular pH

    Jessica A Haley et al.
    The rhythms generated by the stomatogastric and cardiac ganglia of the Jonah crab are surprisingly robust but differentially sensitive to acute changes in extracellular pH from pH 5.5 to 10.4.
    1. Ecology

    A SLC4 family bicarbonate transporter is critical for intracellular pH regulation and biomineralization in sea urchin embryos

    Marian Y Hu et al.
    Cellular carbon accumulation systems are a fundamental prerequisite for biomineralization to stabilize pH and to supply inorganic carbon for CaCO3 precipitation under changing environmental conditions.
    1. Cell Biology

    Tetherin is an exosomal tether

    James R Edgar et al.
    Blocking acidification causes endosomes to fuse with the plasma membrane, releasing exosomes that remain attached to the cell surface via the anti-viral protein tetherin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Endocytosis: Recycling at synapses

    Owen P Gross, Henrique von Gersdorff
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