32 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Expression of different L1 isoforms of Mastomys natalensis papillomavirus as mechanism to circumvent adaptive immunity

    Yingying Fu et al.
    Cutaneous papillomaviruses potentially escape humoral immune response by synthesizing an alternative major capsid protein isoform during the initial course of infection that is unable to induce neutralizing antibodies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sexual transmission of murine papillomavirus (MmuPV1) in Mus musculus

    Megan E Spurgeon, Paul F Lambert
    MmuPV1, a papillomavirus that infects laboratory mice (Mus musculus), is discovered to be sexually transmitted, providing a new animal virus model to study sexually transmitted human papillomaviruses (HPVs).
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ADAM17-dependent signaling is required for oncogenic human papillomavirus entry platform assembly

    Snježana Mikuličić et al.
    ADAM17 is a key player in the non-canonical endocytosis pathway that is used by oncogenic papillomaviruses as it allows virus/receptor platform assembly by activation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    DNA binding polarity, dimerization, and ATPase ring remodeling in the CMG helicase of the eukaryotic replisome

    Alessandro Costa et al.
    The Mcm2-7 motor unwinds DNA using an approach distinct from that of superfamily III helicases, and accesses multiple ring configurations and assembly states during the initiation of DNA replication.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Amidst multiple binding orientations on fork DNA, Saccharolobus MCM helicase proceeds N-first for unwinding

    Himasha M Perera, Michael A Trakselis
    The archaeal MCM helicase can load in multiple orientations on DNA but translocation proceeds with a leading N-terminal domain, which affects double hexamer activation at origins of replication.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Lives saved with vaccination for 10 pathogens across 112 countries in a pre-COVID-19 world

    Jaspreet Toor et al.
    Vaccination activities that occurred before the COVID-19 pandemic, 2000-2019, are estimated to avert 50 million deaths, highlighting the enormous benefits of continued and improving vaccination.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Analysis of the crystal structure of an active MCM hexamer

    Justin M Miller et al.
    Building on previous work (Froelich et al., 2014), we present the X-ray crystal structure of an active MCM hexamer, which suggests a mechanism for MCM regulation and demonstrates a key interaction between the major domains.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The phage L capsid decoration protein has a novel OB-fold and an unusual capsid binding strategy

    Rebecca L Newcomer et al.
    The structure of phage L's Dec demonstrates a new fold within this family of proteins, and shows modulation of capsid binding occurs through two sites, with site 1 being preferred.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The structure of SV40 large T hexameric helicase in complex with AT-rich origin DNA

    Dahai Gai et al.
    A structural study reveals how the simian virus 40 Large-T hexamer helicase interacts with its origin DNA and partially melts the origin double-stranded DNA within the hexamer channel.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor control via targeting PD-L1 with chimeric antigen receptor modified NK cells

    Yvette Robbins et al.
    Human NK cells engineered to express a PD-L1 chimeric antigen receptor can control murine and human tumors and reduce myeloid cells expressing high levels of PD-L1.

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