Browse our latest Neuroscience articles

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    1. Neuroscience

    The Gastric Network: How the stomach and the brain work together at rest

    Giuseppina Porciello et al.
    Low-frequency electrical waves in the stomach seem to be synchronised with the activity of a newly discovered resting-state network in the human brain.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Network oscillation rules imposed by species-specific electrical coupling

    Stefanos Stagkourakis et al.
    An unexpected species difference in electrical coupling of analogous neuroendocrine dopamine neurons in rats and mice reveals a role for gap junction connectivity as a band-pass filter for oscillation frequency in neural networks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rat anterior cingulate cortex recalls features of remote reward locations after disfavoured reinforcements

    Ali Mashhoori et al.
    The anterior cingulate cortex intermixes a precise spatial map with a cognitive map of the task, and spontaneously recalls multimodal information about unrealized choice outcomes during pauses in behavior after reinforcements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Neuroscience

    5-HT2a receptor in mPFC influences context-guided reconsolidation of object memory in perirhinal cortex

    Juan Facundo Morici et al.
    Serotonin, a neurotransmitter mostly studied in relation with emotions, also plays an important role in the control of episodic memories.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential inputs to striatal cholinergic and parvalbumin interneurons imply functional distinctions

    Jason R Klug et al.
    A brain-wide mapping of the direct inputs to striatal cholinergic and parvalbumin interneurons reveals connectivity differences and implies their distinct roles in regulating striatal function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular diversity in the Drosophila midbrain revealed by single-cell transcriptomics

    Vincent Croset et al.
    Sequencing mRNA from thousands of single cells from the Drosophila brain highlights the extent of cellular diversity and reveals co-expression of specific neuropeptides with particular fast-acting neurotransmitters and monoamines.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning place cells, grid cells and invariances with excitatory and inhibitory plasticity

    Simon Nikolaus Weber, Henning Sprekeler
    A large variety of spatial representations implied in rodent navigation could arise robustly and rapidly from inputs with a weak spatial structure, by an interaction of excitatory and inhibitory synaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synapse-specific and compartmentalized expression of presynaptic homeostatic potentiation

    Xiling Li et al.
    Genetic and electrophysiological analyses reveal that the mechanisms orchestrating the induction and expression of homeostatic plasticity are compartmentalized and operate with exquisite specificity on both sides of the synapse.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fast and accurate edge orientation processing during object manipulation

    J Andrew Pruszynski et al.
    Tactile edge orientation processing during object manipulation is many times better than previously thought based on perceptual studies.