Browse our Research Advances

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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A discriminator code–based DTD surveillance ensures faithful glycine delivery for protein biosynthesis in bacteria

    Santosh Kumar Kuncha et al.
    Using bioinformatic and biochemical approaches, the study has explained the discriminator base anomaly in bacterial tRNA(Gly) through identification of the key determinant of DTD specificity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Efficient support of virus-like particle assembly by the HIV-1 packaging signal

    Mauricio Comas-Garcia et al.
    The packaging signal in HIV-1 genomic RNA supports in vitro particle assembly more efficiently than control RNAs, probably explaining its selective packaging during virus assembly in vivo.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Unified mechanisms for self-RNA recognition by RIG-I Singleton-Merten syndrome variants

    Charlotte Lässig et al.
    RIG-I Singleton-Merten syndrome mutations either mimic or freeze the protein in an ATP-bound state and lead to autoimmune signalling through a gain-of-function recognition of self-RNA.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The origin of the odorant receptor gene family in insects

    Philipp Brand et al.
    The insect odorant receptor gene family evolved at the base of the class Insecta before the evolution of flight and perhaps as an adaptation to terrestriality, and was therefore an important evolutionary novelty for insects.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Pharmacologic ATF6 activating compounds are metabolically activated to selectively modify endoplasmic reticulum proteins

    Ryan Paxman et al.
    The small molecule, 147, is a pro-drug that preferentially activates ATF6 signaling through a mechanism involving localized metabolic activation and selective covalent modification of ER resident proteins involved in regulating ATF6 activity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How small-molecule inhibitors of dengue-virus infection interfere with viral membrane fusion

    Luke H Chao et al.
    Single-particle studies of dengue-virus membrane fusion and the effect of small-molecule inhibitors of infection clarify the viral fusion mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    PDF-1 neuropeptide signaling regulates sexually dimorphic gene expression in shared sensory neurons of C. elegans

    Zoë A Hilbert, Dennis H Kim
    Sex-specific neuropeptide signaling in the shared sensory nervous system regulates sexually dimorphic gene expression and male-specific behavior in C. elegans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phase-tuned neuronal firing encodes human contextual representations for navigational goals

    Andrew J Watrous et al.
    Prospective navigational goals are represented by single neuron firing rates and firing relative to slow oscillatory phase (phase coding) in the human medial temporal lobe.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    TASEP modelling provides a parsimonious explanation for the ability of a single uORF to derepress translation during the integrated stress response

    Dmitry E Andreev et al.
    A model reveals how translation of an mRNA leader could provide resistance to global downregulation of translation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Host autophagy machinery is diverted to the pathogen interface to mediate focal defense responses against the Irish potato famine pathogen

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    Defense-related selective autophagy mediated by the antimicrobial autophagy cargo receptor NBR1/Joka2 is diverted to pathogen penetration sites to restrict plant colonization by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans.