Browse our Short Reports

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    1. Neuroscience

    ß-arrestin 2 germline knockout does not attenuate opioid respiratory depression

    Iris Bachmutsky et al.
    The key mechanism for opioid-like biased agonists to provide analgesia but not respiratory depression does not involve ß-arrestin 2.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Regional sequencing collaboration reveals persistence of the T12 Vibrio cholerae O1 lineage in West Africa

    Eme Ekeng et al.
    The T12 Vibrio cholerae lineage has been continuously circulating in West Africa since at least 2012, highlighting the importance of regional disease control efforts.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Polymerization of misfolded Z alpha-1 antitrypsin protein lowers CX3CR1 expression in human PBMCs

    Srinu Tumpara et al.
    Finding that circulating Z alpha-1 antitrypsin polymers, a feature of ZZ AAT deficiency, lower the expression of CX3CR1 on peripheral blood mononuclear cells encourages more detailed analyses on different circulating misfolded proteins and their role on immune cell surveillance/function.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    High infectiousness immediately before COVID-19 symptom onset highlights the importance of continued contact tracing

    William S Hart et al.
    Fitting a mechanistic model to data from SARS-CoV-2 source-recipient pairs generates improved estimates of changes in infectiousness during infection, indicating substantial transmission shortly before symptom onset.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonists to prevent hyperinflammation and death from lower respiratory tract infection

    Allison Koenecke et al.
    Patients exposed to ⍺1-AR antagonists have reduced risks of mechanical ventilation and death in lower respiratory tract infection-related illnesses, highlighting the need for prospective trials assessing ⍺1-AR antagonists' effectiveness in COVID-19.
    1. Developmental Biology

    SORBS2 is a genetic factor contributing to cardiac malformation of 4q deletion syndrome patients

    Fei Liang et al.
    Combined evidence of human genetics, in vitro cardiomyocyte differentiation, and mouse model indicates that SORBS2 is a regulator of second heart field development and its deficiency causes seemingly opposite atrial septal defects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic inhibition of dopamine neurons controls optimistic bias

    Nobuhiro Yamagata et al.
    The subcellular activity of presynaptic terminals of dopamine neurons shapes the reward magnitude and memory specificity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal periaqueductal gray ensembles represent approach and avoidance states

    Fernando MCV Reis et al.
    Distinct dorsal periaqueductal gray ensembles encode threat approach and avoidance behavioral states.
    1. Medicine

    Insights from a Pan India Sero-Epidemiological survey (Phenome-India Cohort) for SARS-CoV2

    Salwa Naushin et al.
    Widespread asymptomatic SARS-CoV2 infection affected nearly 100 million Indians by September 2020 with a subsequent decline in new cases, which may be attributable to increased population immunity, albeit seeing reduced neutralization activity at 6 months this respite may be temporary.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Ongoing repair of migration-coupled DNA damage allows planarian adult stem cells to reach wound sites

    Sounak Sahu et al.
    Adult stem cells acquire increased DNA damage as they migrate to a wound site and require active DNA repair mechanisms for normal migration.