Browse our Short Reports

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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Zygotic gene activation in the chicken occurs in two waves, the first involving only maternally derived genes

    Young Sun Hwang et al.
    In Aves, the first wave of transcription is derived exclusively from the maternal genome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Rescue of cognitive function following fractionated brain irradiation in a novel preclinical glioma model

    Xi Feng et al.
    Whole-brain radiotherapy, but not glioma growth in distal region from the hippocampus, results in impaired recognition memory, which can be prevented by CSF-1R inhibitor-mediated microglia depletion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Crystal structures of DNA polymerase I capture novel intermediates in the DNA synthesis pathway

    Nicholas Chim et al.
    Insight into the mechanism of DNA synthesis is provided by the crystal structures of DNA polymerase intermediates.
    1. Neuroscience

    Light-dependent pathways for dopaminergic amacrine cell development and function

    Teona Munteanu et al.
    Rods, not ipRGCs, are the major retinal photoreceptor impacting development of dopaminergic signaling in the retina.
    1. Neuroscience

    Deletion of KCNQ2/3 potassium channels from PV+ interneurons leads to homeostatic potentiation of excitatory transmission

    Heun Soh et al.
    Loss of potassium channel activity from fast-spiking interneurons increases their excitability leading to unexpectedly increased fast excitatory transmission and seizure susceptibility.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Recurrent loss of HMGCS2 shows that ketogenesis is not essential for the evolution of large mammalian brains

    David Jebb, Michael Hiller
    The evolutionary loss of the main enzyme required for ketone body biosynthesis suggests that alternative strategies to provide energy for large brains during fasting evolved repeatedly in mammals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Redox-dependent rearrangements of the NiFeS cluster of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase

    Elizabeth C Wittenborn et al.
    Structural analysis reveals large-scale conformational changes in the active site metallocluster of a CO2-fixing enzyme.
    1. Ecology

    Mammal communities are larger and more diverse in moderately developed areas

    Arielle Waldstein Parsons et al.
    Citizen science camera trapping showing suburban and wild areas maintain similar levels of mammalian diversity and relative abundance, challenging conventional thoughts about the impacts of urbanization on wildlife.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    YAP drives cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma formation and progression

    Zoé Vincent-Mistiaen et al.
    High levels of nuclear YAP are sufficient to drive squamous cell carincoma formation and frequently also drive progression to spindle cell carcinoma by promoting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition after tissue damage.
    1. Neuroscience

    Extinction recall of fear memories formed before stress is not affected despite higher theta activity in the amygdala

    Mohammed Mostafizur Rahman et al.
    When the fear-enhancing effects of prior exposure to stress are absent, the expression of fear reflects normal neural activity in the medial prefrontal cortex, not stress-induced hyperactivity in the amygdala.