356 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conserved conformational selection mechanism of Hsp70 chaperone-substrate interactions

    Ashok Sekhar et al.
    NMR-based flux measurements show that both bacterial and human Hsp70 chaperones interact with helical, as well as sheet substrates predominantly through a conformational selection mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cytoplasmic protein misfolding titrates Hsp70 to activate nuclear Hsf1

    Anna E Masser et al.
    Hsp70 restricts DNA binding activity of Hsf1 to control the width and amplitude of the heat-shock regulon.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Promiscuous binding by Hsp70 results in conformational heterogeneity and fuzzy chaperone-substrate ensembles

    Rina Rosenzweig et al.
    Multiple chaperone binding sites on substrates suggest a mechanism by which the Hsp70 chaperone can circumvent kinetic traps in protein folding.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Comprehensive fitness maps of Hsp90 show widespread environmental dependence

    Julia M Flynn et al.
    Environmental conditions strongly impact the fitness effects of Hsp90, resulting in the selection of Hsp90 sequences in nature that are robust to a variety of stressful conditions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Adenosine diphosphate restricts the protein remodeling activity of the Hsp104 chaperone to Hsp70 assisted disaggregation

    Agnieszka Kłosowska et al.
    Hsp70 chaperone provides Hsp104 with high efficiency in disaggregation and specificity towards aggregated substrates at the, otherwise limiting, cellular concentrations of adenine nucleotides.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Symmetry broken and rebroken during the ATP hydrolysis cycle of the mitochondrial Hsp90 TRAP1

    Daniel Elnatan et al.
    A flip of the dimer asymmetry following the first ATP hydrolysis provides a mechanistic model for client remodeling by the mitochondrial Hsp90, TRAP1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Hsf1 and Hsp70 constitute a two-component feedback loop that regulates the yeast heat shock response

    Joanna Krakowiak et al.
    Dynamic regulation of the heat shock response depends on a negative feedback loop in which Hsf1 activates expression of Hsp70 and Hsp70 specifically and directly represses Hsf1 transactivation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A novel N-terminal extension in mitochondrial TRAP1 serves as a thermal regulator of chaperone activity

    James R Partridge et al.
    Cytosolic and organellar Hsp90s from higher eukaryotes have evolved a variable, and environmentally responsive N-terminal extension to regulate their activity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Glucose intake hampers PKA-regulated HSP90 chaperone activity

    Yu-Chen Chen et al.
    Food overconsumption impairs cellular protein folding through a novel aging-related signaling pathway.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cytosolic Hsp70 and co-chaperones constitute a novel system for tRNA import into the nucleus

    Akira Takano et al.
    A major cytoplasmic chaperone, Ssa2p, acts as a nuclear import carrier for tRNAs upon nutrient starvation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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