5,179 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    APOBEC3A deaminates transiently exposed single-strand DNA during LINE-1 retrotransposition

    Sandra R Richardson et al.
    Combining in vitro and in vivo assays demonstrates that the cytidine deaminase APOBEC3A can inhibit LINE-1 retrotransposition by deaminating transiently exposed single-strand DNA that arises during the process of LINE-1 integration.
    1. Cell Biology

    LINE-1 protein localization and functional dynamics during the cell cycle

    Paolo Mita et al.
    A combination of functional, biochemical and imaging studies show that LINE-1/L1 proteins and mRNA enter the nucleus through mitotic nuclear membrane breakdown, interact with components of the DNA replication fork and mediate retrotransposition during S phase.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mobilization of LINE-1 retrotransposons is restricted by Tex19.1 in mouse embryonic stem cells

    Marie MacLennan et al.
    Post-translational regulation of retrotransposons plays a key role in preventing retrotransposon mobilization in the epigenetically dynamic mouse germline.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Polo-like kinase 1 induces epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and promotes epithelial cell motility by activating CRAF/ERK signaling

    Jianguo Wu et al.
    Overexpression of PLK1 triggers oncogenic transformation and transcriptional reprogramming of prostate epithelial cells, which stimulates cell migration and invasion.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Dissection of affinity captured LINE-1 macromolecular complexes

    Martin S Taylor et al.
    The range of molecular forms adopted by L1 retrotransposons reflect a tapestry of lifecycle-permissive and -restrictive host-parasite interactions occurring within cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Human LINE-1 retrotransposition requires a metastable coiled coil and a positively charged N-terminus in L1ORF1p

    Elena Khazina, Oliver Weichenrieder
    Human LINE-1 retrotransposition is found to critically depend on the rapidly evolving N-terminal sequence of the LINE-1 ORF1 protein and on the metastability of its coiled coil domain, indicating uncharacterized steps in LINE-1 retrotransposition.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Retrotransposons: On the move

    Sandra L Martin
    The mechanisms by which a retrotransposon called LINE-1 duplicates itself and spreads through the human genome are becoming clearer.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Resolving rates of mutation in the brain using single-neuron genomics

    Gilad D Evrony et al.
    The reanalysis of data from a recent study that claimed retrotransposon mutations are ubiquitous in the human brain outlines a general framework for the design and analysis of single-cell genomics studies.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Activation of individual L1 retrotransposon instances is restricted to cell-type dependent permissive loci

    Claude Philippe et al.
    The expression of human L1 retrotransposons is highly locus-specific and variable between different cell types.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional role of the type 1 pilus rod structure in mediating host-pathogen interactions

    Caitlin N Spaulding et al.
    The helical rod structure and dynamic spring-like properties of the type 1 pilus are evolutionarily fine-tuned for functioning in host-pathogen interactions during urinary tract infection and gut colonization.

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