2,527 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic LRP4 promotes synapse number and function of excitatory CNS neurons

    Timothy J Mosca et al.
    The cell surface receptor LRP4, long recognized for postsynaptic functions, also plays a role as a presynaptic determinant of synapse formation by functioning through a downstream kinase pathway.
    1. Cell Biology

    LRP1 integrates murine macrophage cholesterol homeostasis and inflammatory responses in atherosclerosis

    Xunde Xian et al.
    Tyrosine phosphorylation of the intracellular domain of LRP1 serves as a molecular switch to regulate cellular cholesterol homeostasis through nuclear hormone receptor-mediated regulation of the cellular cholesterol exporter ABCA1.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lip movements entrain the observers’ low-frequency brain oscillations to facilitate speech intelligibility

    Hyojin Park et al.
    Rhythms of lip movements entrain low-frequency brain oscillations and facilitate audiovisual speech processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rbfox1 up-regulation impairs BDNF-dependent hippocampal LTP by dysregulating TrkB isoform expression levels

    Francesco Tomassoni-Ardori et al.
    RbFox1 upregulation modulates the expression of hundreds of genes but only dysregulation of the TrkB.T1 receptor isoform expression causes BDNF-dependent LTP impairments.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of GSK-3 inhibition by N-terminal phosphorylation and by the Wnt receptor LRP6

    Jennifer L Stamos et al.
    Phosphorylation of the Wnt receptor LRP6 directly inhibits glycogen synthase kinase-3 by acting as a pseudosubstrate that stabilizes an active conformation of the enzyme, identical to autoinhibition by phosphorylation of its N terminus.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    APP interacts with LRP4 and agrin to coordinate the development of the neuromuscular junction in mice

    Hong Y Choi et al.
    Proteins implicated in Alzheimer’s disease, including amyloid precursor protein and ApoE receptors, interact with each other and with a signalling molecule called agrin to influence the development of the neuromuscular junction.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nuclear receptor LRH-1/NR5A2 is required and targetable for liver endoplasmic reticulum stress resolution

    Jennifer L Mamrosh et al.
    LRH-1/NR5A2 responds to ER stress by inducing a novel pathway that is required for stress resolution in mice and can be targeted by LRH-1 agonists.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic plasticity and cognitive function are disrupted in the absence of Lrp4

    Andrea M Gomez et al.
    Lrp4 mutant mice display profound deficits in cognitive tasks that assess learning and memory with disruptions in the subcellular organization of synaptic inputs and synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    LRP1 regulates peroxisome biogenesis and cholesterol homeostasis in oligodendrocytes and is required for proper CNS myelin development and repair

    Jing-Ping Lin et al.
    In oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, lipid metabolism and peroxisome biogenesis are regulated by the low-density lipoprotein related-receptor-1, and if disrupted, impair proper white matter development and adult repair.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Patient-specific genomics and cross-species functional analysis implicate LRP2 in hypoplastic left heart syndrome

    Jeanne L Theis et al.
    Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is reflected by reduced proliferative capacity of patient iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes and requires the activity of LRP2/APOB proteins, likely in conjunction with SHH and WNT signaling pathways.

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