4,288 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Operon mRNAs are organized into ORF-centric structures that predict translation efficiency

    David H Burkhardt et al.
    Operonic mRNAs in bacteria are comprised of ORF (open reading frame)-wide units of secondary structure, which are intrinsically distinct between adjacent ORFs and encode a rough blueprint for ORF-specific translation efficiency.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Overall energy conversion efficiency of a photosynthetic vesicle

    Melih Sener et al.
    The overall energy conversion efficiency is calculated for a bacterial vesicle that harvests solar energy for ATP production on the basis of an atomic-detail structural model.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Collider bias and the apparent protective effect of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency on cerebral malaria

    James A Watson et al.
    Selection bias, also known as collider bias, likely explains the apparent protective effect of G6PD deficiency against cerebral falciparum malaria.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Characterisation of the opposing effects of G6PD deficiency on cerebral malaria and severe malarial anaemia

    Geraldine M Clarke et al.
    Increasing levels of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency are associated with decreasing risk of cerebral malaria, but with increased risk of severe malarial anaemia.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Adaptation of olfactory receptor abundances for efficient coding

    Tiberiu Teşileanu et al.
    A model of efficient coding by olfactory neurons explains context-dependence observed in the effect of perturbations to the olfactory environment.
    1. Cell Biology

    Adiponectin is essential for lipid homeostasis and survival under insulin deficiency and promotes β-cell regeneration

    Risheng Ye et al.
    Under insulinopenic conditions, the hormone adiponectin is essential for lipid uptake specifically in subcutaneous white adipose tissue, and is sufficient to ameliorate islet lipotoxicity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modelling primaquine-induced haemolysis in G6PD deficiency

    James Watson et al.
    In silico modelling of all available data shows that a twenty-day ascending-dose primaquine regimen could be safe to administer to G6PD deficient patients for the radical cure of vivax malaria.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Mismatch repair deficiency endows tumors with a unique mutation signature and sensitivity to DNA double-strand breaks

    Hui Zhao et al.
    A comprehensive catalogue of somatic mutations accumulating in MMR-deficient tumors highlights their relevance in the context of human genetic evolution, for the diagnosis of microsatellite instability and the provision of targeted treatment options.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Saccadic suppression as a perceptual consequence of efficient sensorimotor estimation

    Frédéric Crevecoeur, Konrad P Kording
    Neural computations necessary for efficient control of saccades capture the phenomenon of saccadic suppression, which suggests that neural resources are shared for perception and control.
    1. Cell Biology

    DNA damage induces nuclear actin filament assembly by Formin-2 and Spire-1/2 that promotes efficient DNA repair

    Brittany J Belin et al.
    An efficient response to DNA damage requires the assembly of actin filaments in the nucleus.

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