318 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Extraocular, rod-like photoreceptors in a flatworm express xenopsin photopigment

    Kate A Rawlinson et al.
    A new opsin receptor is light-sensitive and expressed in a unique type of photoreceptor in a flatworm that encloses over 400 sensory cilia within its cell membrane.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flatworm-specific transcriptional regulators promote the specification of tegumental progenitors in Schistosoma mansoni

    George R Wendt et al.
    The specification of tegumental progenitor cells in Schistosoma mansoni relies on a pair of flatworm-specific transcription factors that are related to genes regulating epidermal specification in free-living flatworms.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Transcriptional signatures of somatic neoblasts and germline cells in Macrostomum lignano

    Magda Grudniewska et al.
    De novo transcriptome assembly and comprehensive characterization of gene expression in proliferating cells of regeneration-capable flatworm Macrostomum lignano advance this organism as a powerful model for stem cell research.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell heterogeneity drives the parasitic life cycle of Schistosoma mansoni

    Bo Wang et al.
    Distinct stem cell populations drive larval, somatic, and germline development of the human parasitic flatworm, Schistosoma mansoni.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A mex3 homolog is required for differentiation during planarian stem cell lineage development

    Shu Jun Zhu et al.
    The planarian mex3-1 gene is required for non-stem cell fates and suppresses a stem cell fate in differentiating cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tropical Diseases: Can CRISPR help in the fight against parasitic worms?

    Paul McVeigh, Aaron G Maule
    The first reports of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing in flatworms could usher in a new era of research on these dangerous human parasites.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuronal sources of hedgehog modulate neurogenesis in the adult planarian brain

    Ko W Currie et al.
    Planarian brain neurons modulate their turnover by signaling to nearby stem cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Region-specific regulation of stem cell-driven regeneration in tapeworms

    Tania Rozario et al.
    Tapeworms grow and regenerate using stem cells distributed throughout their bodies, but their regeneration competence relies upon the unique micro-environment created by the head and neck.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tropical Disease: Dissecting the schistosome cloak

    Carolyn E Adler
    Two proteins required for the growth of a skin-like structure called the tegument in parasitic flatworms could be new targets for drugs to kill these parasites.
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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Tissue absence initiates regeneration through Follistatin-mediated inhibition of Activin signaling

    Michael A Gaviño et al.
    Flatworm regeneration of lost tissue relies on a mechanism distinct from that used for routine tissue turnover.

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