25 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Philosophy of Biology: The meanings of 'function' in biology and the problematic case of de novo gene emergence

    Diane Marie Keeling et al.
    A lexicon to help scientists and philosophers discuss the meaning of function in molecular biology more clearly is proposed.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Active machine learning-driven experimentation to determine compound effects on protein patterns

    Armaghan W Naik et al.
    In an investigation into the effects of drugs on proteins, an active machine learning algorithm chose which sets of experiments to perform and was able to learn an accurate model of the effects after doing only a fraction of the experiments.
  1. Philosophy of Biology: The challenges of big data biology

    Sabina Leonelli
    Understanding how data were collected and processed is an essential element of big data biology.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Addressing the ethical issues raised by synthetic human entities with embryo-like features

    John Aach et al.
    Guidelines governing research into embryos need to be updated in a way that reflects the moral status of synthetic human entities generated using the methods of synthetic biology.
    1. Cell Biology

    Stacking the odds for Golgi cisternal maturation

    Somya Mani, Mukund Thattai
    A screen of tens of thousands of vesicle traffic networks in silico shows that Golgi-like cisternal maturation is a natural outcome of vesicle traffic homeostasis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Myoglobin primary structure reveals multiple convergent transitions to semi-aquatic life in the world's smallest mammalian divers

    Kai He et al.
    Ancestral sequence reconstruction of an essential muscle protein involved in oxygen storage and transport accurately tracks secondary aquatic transitions in a speciose clade of insectivorous mammals.
  2. Meta-Research: The growth of acronyms in the scientific literature

    Adrian Barnett, Zoe Doubleday
    A study of 24 million articles has revealed that scientists have created more than 1 million acronyms since 1950, most of which have been used fewer than 10 times.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Novel neuroanatomical integration and scaling define avian brain shape evolution and development

    Akinobu Watanabe et al.
    More integrated brains in crown birds evolved through a mosaic assembly of new evolutionary and developmental dynamics across neuroanatomical regions that occurred along the dinosaur-bird transition.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Cutting Edge: Building bridges between cellular and molecular structural biology

    Ardan Patwardhan et al.
    The integration of structural data from different imaging scales requires the development of standards and tools for representing the segmentation and transformation of data, and for the annotation of biological structures.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Embryonic origin of adult stem cells required for tissue homeostasis and regeneration

    Erin L Davies et al.
    Anarchic, cycling piwi-1+ embryonic cells gives rise to neoblasts, pluripotent stemcells required for development of all organ systems during S. mediterranea embryogenesis, as well as the maintenance andregeneration of tissues during adulthood.

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