17 results found
  1. Philosophy of Biology: The challenges of big data biology

    Sabina Leonelli
    Understanding how data were collected and processed is an essential element of big data biology.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Philosophy of Biology: The meanings of 'function' in biology and the problematic case of de novo gene emergence

    Diane Marie Keeling et al.
    A lexicon to help scientists and philosophers discuss the meaning of function in molecular biology more clearly is proposed.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Cutting Edge: Building bridges between cellular and molecular structural biology

    Ardan Patwardhan et al.
    The integration of structural data from different imaging scales requires the development of standards and tools for representing the segmentation and transformation of data, and for the annotation of biological structures.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Active machine learning-driven experimentation to determine compound effects on protein patterns

    Armaghan W Naik et al.
    In an investigation into the effects of drugs on proteins, an active machine learning algorithm chose which sets of experiments to perform and was able to learn an accurate model of the effects after doing only a fraction of the experiments.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Embryonic origin of adult stem cells required for tissue homeostasis and regeneration

    Erin L Davies et al.
    Anarchic, cycling piwi-1+ embryonic cells gives rise to neoblasts, pluripotent stemcells required for development of all organ systems during S. mediterranea embryogenesis, as well as the maintenance andregeneration of tissues during adulthood.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    RNA chaperones buffer deleterious mutations in E. coli

    Marina Rudan et al.
    The overexpression of RNA chaperones, including several DEAD box RNA helicases, enhances the fitness of mutationally compromised E. coli strains.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of visual, parietal, and frontal motor cortices in memory-guided sensorimotor decisions

    Michael J Goard et al.
    Visual, parietal, and frontal motor cortices play distinct and necessary roles in mapping sensory features to future motor action.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    High-intensity training enhances executive function in children in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial

    David Moreau et al.
    Short bursts of high-intensity exercise elicit robust improvements in core cognitive abilities, especially in individuals whose genotype is associated with lower cognitive performance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Chimeric origins of ochrophytes and haptophytes revealed through an ancient plastid proteome

    Richard G Dorrell et al.
    An in silico reconstruction of a chloroplast that existed hundreds of millions of years ago casts new insights in the evolutionary processes, endosymbioses and chimerism events that shape the origin of plastids.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Common resting brain dynamics indicate a possible mechanism underlying zolpidem response in severe brain injury

    Shawniqua T Williams et al.
    The therapeutic effects of the sleeping pill zolpidem in patients with disorders of consciousness may be due to recruitment of brain cells idling in abnormally low-frequency brain waves.

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