1,940 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures in multiple conformations reveal distinct transition metal and proton pathways in an Nramp transporter

    Aaron T Bozzi et al.
    Nramp-family transporters adapt a common fold to a novel mechanism in which the spatial and temporal separation of like-charge transition metal and proton co-substrates circumvents the expected electrostatic repulsion.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Coupled ion binding and structural transitions along the transport cycle of glutamate transporters

    Grégory Verdon et al.
    Crystal structures of an archaeal homologue of mammalian glutamate transporters in apo and ion-only bound outward- and inward-facing states reveal ion-coupled conformational changes supporting mechanisms of coupling, gating, and transport.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Large domain movements through the lipid bilayer mediate substrate release and inhibition of glutamate transporters

    Xiaoyu Wang, Olga Boudker
    Substrate releasing or inhibitor binding on the intracellular side of a glutamate transporter homologue require movements of the transport domain through the lipid membrane, which undergoes adaptive deformations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An ECF-type transporter scavenges heme to overcome iron-limitation in Staphylococcus lugdunensis

    Angelika Jochim et al.
    An ECF-type transporter serves as broad-spectrum heme iron scavenger and allows an opportunistic pathogen to use multiple eukaryotic hemoproteins to overcome nutritional iron-limitation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Identification of an allosteric binding site on the human glycine transporter, GlyT2, for bioactive lipid analgesics

    Shannon N Mostyn et al.
    Identification of how bioactive lipids bind and inhibit glycine transporters has the potential to be exploited in the development of a new class of analgesics for chronic pain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Rapid transporter regulation prevents substrate flow traffic jams in boron transport

    Naoyuki Sotta et al.
    To avoid internal traffic jams of nutrients that they absorb, plants need to swiftly regulate the transporters that take up those nutrients.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fluorescent sensors for activity and regulation of the nitrate transceptor CHL1/NRT1.1 and oligopeptide transporters

    Cheng-Hsun Ho, Wolf B Frommer
    Peptide and nitrate transporters have been converted into fluorescent reporters of transport activity and have been used to measure various transport properties including the dual affinity of the nitrate transceptor
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational dynamics of the nucleotide binding domains and the power stroke of a heterodimeric ABC transporter

    Smriti Mishra et al.
    The conformational cycle of an ABC heterodimeric transporter reveals a divergence in the structural mechanism of ABC exporters.
    1. Neuroscience

    The carcinine transporter CarT is required in Drosophila photoreceptor neurons to sustain histamine recycling

    Drew Stenesen et al.
    Fly vision depends on a member of the SLC22 transporter family for recycling the histamine neurotransmitter following its uptake by glia and its modification into the transport metabolite carcinine.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The lysosomal transporter MFSD1 is essential for liver homeostasis and critically depends on its accessory subunit GLMP

    David Massa López et al.
    The so far uncharacterized lysosomal transporter protein MFSD1 is essential for liver homeostasis and needs the highly glycosylated GLMP protein as an accessory subunit for stability.

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