The transcription factor TEAD, together with its coactivator YAP/TAZ, is a key transcriptional modulator of the Hippo pathway. Activation of TEAD transcription by YAP has been implicated in a number of malignancies, and this complex represents a promising target for drug discovery. However, both YAP and its extensive binding interfaces to TEAD have been difficult to address using small molecules, mainly due to a lack of druggable pockets. TEAD is post-translationally modified by palmitoylation that targets a conserved cysteine at a central pocket, which provides an opportunity to develop cysteine-directed covalent small molecules for TEAD inhibition. Here, we employed covalent fragment screening approach followed by structure-based design to develop an irreversible TEAD inhibitor MYF-03-69. Using a range of in vitro and cell-based assays we demonstrated that through a covalent binding with TEAD palmitate pocket, MYF-03-69 disrupts YAP-TEAD association, suppresses TEAD transcriptional activity and inhibits cell growth of Hippo signaling defective malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Further, a cell viability screening with a panel of 903 cancer cell lines indicated a high correlation between TEAD-YAP dependency and the sensitivity to MYF-03-69. Transcription profiling identified the upregulation of proapoptotic BMF gene in cancer cells that are sensitive to TEAD inhibition. Further optimization of MYF-03-69 led to an in vivo compatible compound MYF-03-176, which shows strong antitumor efficacy in MPM mouse xenograft model via oral administration. Taken together, we disclosed a story of the development of covalent TEAD inhibitors and its high therapeutic potential for clinic treatment for the cancers that are driven by TEAD-YAP alteration.
Diffraction data have been deposited in PDB under the accession code 7LI5.RNA sequencing data have been deposited in BioSample database under accession codes SAMN19288936, SAMN19288937, SAMN19288938, SAMN19288939, SAMN19288940, SAMN19288941, SAMN19288942, SAMN19288943, SAMN19288944, SAMN19288945 and SAMN19288946.All datasets generated or analyzed during this study have been deposited in Dryad.Uncropped gels or blots image of Figure 1e, 2e, 3a, 3b, 4d and their related figure supplement 3, 4, 7 were provided in the zipped folder "Source data files".
Supplementary dataset 1: Proteome-wide selectivity profile of MYF-03-69 on cysteines labeling using SLC-ABPP approachDryad Digital Repository, doi:10.5061/dryad.rxwdbrvbn.
Supplementary Dataset 2. List of differentially expressed genes under MYF-03-69 treatmentsDryad Digital Repository, doi:10.5061/dryad.sn02v6x6g.
Supplementary Dataset 3. Area under the curve (AUC) data of PRISM cell viability screen and corresponding CERES scores of YAP1 and TEADsDryad Digital Repository, doi:10.5061/dryad.3r2280gjk.
Supplementary Dataset 4. Correlation analysis of MYF-03-69 PRISM sensitivity profile and gene DepMap dependency scoresDryad Digital Repository, doi:10.5061/dryad.kh189327w.
The Gray lab has sponsored research agreement for TEAD inhibitor project with Epiphanes. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
Animal experimentation: Animals acclimated for at least 5 days before initiation of the study. All in vivo studies were conducted at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute with the approval of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee in an AAALAC accredited vivarium.
- Duojia Pan, UT Southwestern Medical Center and HHMI, United States
© 2022, Fan et al.
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.
The possibility to record proteomes in high throughput and at high quality has opened new avenues for biomedical research, drug discovery, systems biology, and clinical translation. However, high-throughput proteomic experiments often require high sample amounts and can be less sensitive compared to conventional proteomic experiments. Here, we introduce and benchmark Zeno SWATH MS, a data-independent acquisition technique that employs a linear ion trap pulsing (Zeno trap pulsing) to increase the sensitivity in high-throughput proteomic experiments. We demonstrate that when combined with fast micro- or analytical flow-rate chromatography, Zeno SWATH MS increases protein identification with low sample amounts. For instance, using 20 min micro-flow-rate chromatography, Zeno SWATH MS identified more than 5000 proteins consistently, and with a coefficient of variation of 6%, from a 62.5 ng load of human cell line tryptic digest. Using 5 min analytical flow-rate chromatography (800 µl/min), Zeno SWATH MS identified 4907 proteins from a triplicate injection of 2 µg of a human cell lysate, or more than 3000 proteins from a 250 ng tryptic digest. Zeno SWATH MS hence facilitates sensitive high-throughput proteomic experiments with low sample amounts, mitigating the current bottlenecks of high-throughput proteomics.
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